Handbook of Cosmetic Science and Technology 3e
Handbook of Cosmetic Science and Technology 3e
Opis: Handbook of Cosmetic Science and Technology 3e - A Barel
Edited by a team of experienced and internationally renowned contributors, the updated Third Edition is the standard reference for cosmetic chemists and dermatologists seeking the latest innovations and technology for the formulation, design, testing, use, and production of cosmetic products for skin, hair, and nails. New features in the Third Edition: 39 new chapters reorganized by skin functions descriptions of ingredients, products, efficacy measurement, and mechanisms in each chapter revised chapters on skin types, skin perception, and targeted products new chapters on skin aging and cosmetics for the elderly strong emphasis on testing and current methods used for testing, and the evolution of instruments for skin and hair testing new ingredients, delivery systems, and testing methodologies information on skin physiology and cosmetic product design interactions affecting and attributed to cosmetic products cosmetic ingredients, vehicles, and finished products difference between pure cosmetics for enhancement and cosmetics used to treat high quality standards in cosmetic products that improve appearance, protect their targets, and maintain natural functions "...Provides comprehensive knowledge for all those scientists interested in cosmetic dermatology and/or concerned with the marketing of cosmetic products." -Journal of Applied Cosmetology (for the Second Edition) "Overall, the book is a significant contribution to the field of cosmetic science." -- Archives of Dermatology (for the Second Edition)I: Skin Types. Biophysical characteristics of the skin: Relation to race, sex, age and site. Functional map and age-related differences in the human face: nonimmunologic contact urticaria induced by hexyl nicotinate. The Baumann Skin Type Indicator: A Novel Approach to Understanding Skin Type. Ethnic Differences in Skin Properties: The Objective Data. Sensitive Skin: Sensory, Clinical and Physiological Factors. Neurophysiology of Self-perceived Sensitive-Skin Subjects by functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Tests for Sensitive Skin. II: Skin Hydration. Mechanisms of Skin Hydration. Hydrating substances. Skincare Products. Tests for Skin Hydration. Skin capacitance imaging. Confocal Raman Spectroscopy for in vivo skin hydration measurement. III: Skin barrier and pH. Correlation between TEWL and percutaneous absorption. Role of calcium in the regulation of skin barrier homeostasis. Percutaneous penetration enhancers: an overview. Tests for skin protection: barrier effect. Electron paramagnetic resonance studies of skin lipid structure. Human skin buffering capacity: an overview. Skin pH and skin flora. IV: Skin aging and sun care products. Skin aging: the causative factors. A Quantitative Approach to Age and Skin Structure and Function: Protein, glycosaminoglycan, water, and lipid content and structure. Glycation end products. Spectrophotometric Intracutaneous Analysis. The Visioscan-driven ULEV and SELS methods. New trends on antiwrinkle products: an overview. Antioxidants. UV Filters. Sun protection and sunscreens. Sun and after-sun products. Skin care products: Artificial tanning. Reconstructed human skin and skin organ culture models used in cosmetic efficacy testing. V: Skin perception. Skin feel agents. Silicones: a key ingredient in cosmetic and toiletry formulations. Sensory effects and irritation: a strong relationship. Decorative Products. Skin radiance measurement. Tribological Studies on Skin: Measurement of the Coefficient of Friction. Skin wettability and friction. VI: Skin Tolerance. Safety terminology. Classification of irritant contact dermatitis. Principles and mechanisms of skin irritation. Mechanism of skin irritation by surfactants and anti-irritants for surfactant-based products. In vivo irritation. Noninvasive clinical assessment of skin irritation/inflammation. Detecting skin irritation using enhanced visual scoring: A sensitive new clinical method. Sodium lauryl sulfate-induced irritation in the human face: regional and age related differences. Irritation differences between genital and upper arm skin and the effects of emollient application. Ethnicity as a Possible Endogenous Factor in Irritant Contact Dermatitis: Comparing the Irritant Response Among Caucasians, Blacks, and Asians. In vitro skin irritation testing on SkinEthic TM reconstituted human epidermis: reproducibility for 50 chemicals tested with two protocol. Reconstructed corneal and skin models. Sea Water Salts: Effect on inflammatory skin disease. Allergy and hypoallergenic products. Operational definition of a causative contact allergen-a study with 6 fragrance allergens. Anti-itch testing (antipruritics). Comedogenicity in Rabbit: Some cosmetic ingredients/vehicles. VII: Targeted Cosmetics. Skin Whitening products. Skin Whitening: new Hydroquinone combination. Anti-cellulitis products. Baby care products. Cosmetics for the elderly. Antiperspirants. Deodorants. Revulsive products: way of action and evaluation of their efficacy. Cooling ingredients and their mechanism of action. Oral Cosmetics. Hair conditioners. Hair measurement. The Normal Nail. Nail Cosmetics. VIII: Cosmetics vehicle. Surfactants: Classification. Encapsulation to deliver topical actives. Elastic Vesicles as Topical/Transdermal Drug Delivery Systems. Polymers' Effect on Chemical Partition Coefficient between Powdered Human Stratum Corneum and Water. IX: Ethics and Regulations. General concepts of ethics in human testing. Values and limitations of bioengineering measurements. The current EU regulatory context. Recent changes in the US regulatory context.