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Opis: Thermodynamics - Wassim M. Haddad, Sergey G. Nersesov, VijaySekhar Chellaboina

This book places thermodynamics on a system-theoretic foundation so as to harmonize it with classical mechanics. Using the highest standards of exposition and rigor, the authors develop a novel formulation of thermodynamics that can be viewed as a moderate-sized system theory as compared to statistical thermodynamics. This middle-ground theory involves deterministic large-scale dynamical system models that bridge the gap between classical and statistical thermodynamics. The authors' theory is motivated by the fact that a discipline as cardinal as thermodynamics - entrusted with some of the most perplexing secrets of our universe - demands far more than physical mathematics as its underpinning. Even though many great physicists, such as Archimedes, Newton, and Lagrange, have humbled us with their mathematically seamless eurekas over the centuries, this book suggests that a great many physicists and engineers who have developed the theory of thermodynamics seem to have forgotten that mathematics, when used rigorously, is the irrefutable pathway to truth. This book uses system theoretic ideas to bring coherence, clarity, and precision to an extremely important and poorly understood classical area of science. The mathematical approach taken by the authors, as originally initiated by C. Caratheodory on the advice of Max Born, results in a book that makes a fundamental contribution to the field. The main emphasis is on the notion of large-scale dynamical systems applied to the multitude of small objects contained in the macroscale description. Indeed, thermodynamics is the dynamics of an extremely large number of objects numbering on the order of Avogadro's number. That some definite results arise from that setting is the marvel of it all. -- Gerard A. Maugin IEEE Control Systems This is an original theory with many attractive features and which captures the known statements from classical thermodynamics, avoiding at the same time imprecise formulations. The techniques are based on dynamical systems and control theory, which is unusual in the field, but the presentation is precise and well crafted. -- Manuel Portilheiro Mathematical ReviewsPreface ix Chapter 1: Introduction 1 1.1 An Overview of Thermodynamics 1 1.2 System Thermodynamics 11 1.3 A Brief Outline of the Monograph 14 Chapter 2: Dynamical System Theory 17 2.1 Notation, Definitions, and Mathematical Preliminaries 17 2.2 Stability Theory for Nonnegative Dynamical Systems 20 2.3 Reversibility, Irreversibility, Recoverability, and Irrecoverability 27 2.4 Reversible Dynamical Systems, Volume-Preserving Flows, and Poincar Recurrence 34 Chapter 3: A Systems Foundation for Thermodynamics 45 3.1 Introduction 45 3.2 Conservation of Energy and the First Law of Thermodynamics 46 3.3 Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics 55 3.4 Ectropy 72 3.5 Semistability, Energy Equipartition, Irreversibility, and the Arrow of Time 81 3.6 Entropy Increase and the Second Law of Thermodynamics 89 3.7 Interconnections of Thermodynamic Systems 91 3.8 Monotonicity of System Energies in Thermodynamic Processes 98 Chapter 4: Temperature Equipartition and the Kinetic Theory of Gases 103 4.1 Semistability and Temperature Equipartition 103 4.2 Boltzmann Thermodynamics 110 Chapter 5: Work, Heat, and the Carnot Cycle 115 5.1 On the Equivalence of Work and Heat: The First Law Revisited 115 5.2 The Carnot Cycle and the Second Law of Thermodynamics 126 Chapter 6: Thermodynamic Systems with Linear Energy Exchange 131 6.1 Linear Thermodynamic System Models 131 6.2 Semistability and Energy Equipartition in Linear Thermodynamic Models 136 Chapter 7: Continuum Thermodynamics 141 7.1 Conservation Laws in Continuum Thermodynamics 141 7.2 Entropy and Ectropy for Continuum Thermodynamics 148 7.3 Semistability and Energy Equipartition in Continuum Thermo-dynamics 160 Chapter 8: Conclusion 169 Bibliography 175 Index 185


Szczegóły: Thermodynamics - Wassim M. Haddad, Sergey G. Nersesov, VijaySekhar Chellaboina

Tytuł: Thermodynamics
Autor: Wassim M. Haddad, Sergey G. Nersesov, VijaySekhar Chellaboina
Producent: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691123271
Rok produkcji: 2005
Ilość stron: 200
Oprawa: Twarda
Waga: 0.46 kg


Recenzje: Thermodynamics - Wassim M. Haddad, Sergey G. Nersesov, VijaySekhar Chellaboina

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This book places thermodynamics on a system-theoretic foundation so as to harmonize it with classical mechanics. Using the highest standards of exposition and rigor, the authors develop a novel formulation of thermodynamics that can be viewed as a moderate-sized system theory as compared to statistical thermodynamics. This middle-ground theory involves deterministic large-scale dynamical system models that bridge the gap between classical and statistical thermodynamics. The authors' theory is motivated by the fact that a discipline as cardinal as thermodynamics - entrusted with some of the most perplexing secrets of our universe - demands far more than physical mathematics as its underpinning. Even though many great physicists, such as Archimedes, Newton, and Lagrange, have humbled us with their mathematically seamless eurekas over the centuries, this book suggests that a great many physicists and engineers who have developed the theory of thermodynamics seem to have forgotten that mathematics, when used rigorously, is the irrefutable pathway to truth. This book uses system theoretic ideas to bring coherence, clarity, and precision to an extremely important and poorly understood classical area of science. The mathematical approach taken by the authors, as originally initiated by C. Caratheodory on the advice of Max Born, results in a book that makes a fundamental contribution to the field. The main emphasis is on the notion of large-scale dynamical systems applied to the multitude of small objects contained in the macroscale description. Indeed, thermodynamics is the dynamics of an extremely large number of objects numbering on the order of Avogadro's number. That some definite results arise from that setting is the marvel of it all. -- Gerard A. Maugin IEEE Control Systems This is an original theory with many attractive features and which captures the known statements from classical thermodynamics, avoiding at the same time imprecise formulations. The techniques are based on dynamical systems and control theory, which is unusual in the field, but the presentation is precise and well crafted. -- Manuel Portilheiro Mathematical ReviewsPreface ix Chapter 1: Introduction 1 1.1 An Overview of Thermodynamics 1 1.2 System Thermodynamics 11 1.3 A Brief Outline of the Monograph 14 Chapter 2: Dynamical System Theory 17 2.1 Notation, Definitions, and Mathematical Preliminaries 17 2.2 Stability Theory for Nonnegative Dynamical Systems 20 2.3 Reversibility, Irreversibility, Recoverability, and Irrecoverability 27 2.4 Reversible Dynamical Systems, Volume-Preserving Flows, and Poincar Recurrence 34 Chapter 3: A Systems Foundation for Thermodynamics 45 3.1 Introduction 45 3.2 Conservation of Energy and the First Law of Thermodynamics 46 3.3 Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics 55 3.4 Ectropy 72 3.5 Semistability, Energy Equipartition, Irreversibility, and the Arrow of Time 81 3.6 Entropy Increase and the Second Law of Thermodynamics 89 3.7 Interconnections of Thermodynamic Systems 91 3.8 Monotonicity of System Energies in Thermodynamic Processes 98 Chapter 4: Temperature Equipartition and the Kinetic Theory of Gases 103 4.1 Semistability and Temperature Equipartition 103 4.2 Boltzmann Thermodynamics 110 Chapter 5: Work, Heat, and the Carnot Cycle 115 5.1 On the Equivalence of Work and Heat: The First Law Revisited 115 5.2 The Carnot Cycle and the Second Law of Thermodynamics 126 Chapter 6: Thermodynamic Systems with Linear Energy Exchange 131 6.1 Linear Thermodynamic System Models 131 6.2 Semistability and Energy Equipartition in Linear Thermodynamic Models 136 Chapter 7: Continuum Thermodynamics 141 7.1 Conservation Laws in Continuum Thermodynamics 141 7.2 Entropy and Ectropy for Continuum Thermodynamics 148 7.3 Semistability and Energy Equipartition in Continuum Thermo-dynamics 160 Chapter 8: Conclusion 169 Bibliography 175 Index 185

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Cena 183,75 PLN
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Szczegóły: Thermodynamics - Wassim M. Haddad, Sergey G. Nersesov, VijaySekhar Chellaboina

Tytuł: Thermodynamics
Autor: Wassim M. Haddad, Sergey G. Nersesov, VijaySekhar Chellaboina
Producent: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691123271
Rok produkcji: 2005
Ilość stron: 200
Oprawa: Twarda
Waga: 0.46 kg


Recenzje: Thermodynamics - Wassim M. Haddad, Sergey G. Nersesov, VijaySekhar Chellaboina

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