Experimental Methods for Behavioral

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Opis: Experimental Methods for Behavioral - Jay E. Gould, J Gould

Although there are many books written on the principles and methods of experimentation, few are written in a succinct, comprehensive outline format. The Concise Handbook of Experimental Methods for the Behavioral and Biological Sciences is based on a popular course taught by the author for more than two decades to assist advanced undergraduate and graduate students in understanding and applying the principles and methods of experimentation. The handbook is organized into three parts. Part One covers the philosophy of science, forms of scientific research, steps of the scientific method, variables in research designs, and the initial and final phases of research. Part Two discusses research ethics and experimental control. Part Three surveys experimental design, sampling and generalization, and hypothesis testing and statistical significance. The handbook's illustrations, extensive appendices, and detailed index allow you to acquire the techniques necessary to conduct, interpret, and evaluate research and then clearly communicate those findings. The Concise Handbook of Experimental Methods for the Behavioral and Biological Sciences eliminates the need for wading through unnecessary details to find what you need, making it a handy resource for reference and review. "This is an interesting book on the 'big picture' of experiments, written by a psychology professor from the University of West Florida. . . This would be a good book to include in a list of additional reading for a graduate or undergraduate statistical consulting course. It would help students gain an appreciation of how the entire process of experimentation is viewed by practitioners, and to focus on the role of statisticians in date collection and analysis." -Christine M. Anderson-Cook, Virginia Tech "beautifully written The purpose is to provide a vast amount of experimental research knowledge to the reader in a concise, easy-to-read, easy-to-use, yet thorough format. Moreover, the outline format is a tremendously ingenious way of presenting this material. The author undoubtedly has achieved his objectives. This book was a pleasure to read and review and will be of value - to me in particular. I see this book being the core text for research methodology courses as well as a solid text for researchers in the field. I recommend this book without reservation." - Nicholas Greco IV, M.S., Abbott Laboratories, in Divine, Inc. (formerly Doody Publishing)Part One - Science: The Philosophy and Components PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE: THE SCIENTIFIC APPROACH TO KNOWLEDGE Philosophy and its Relationship to the Sciences Approaches to Knowledge Goals of Science Assumptions of Science Requirements of Scientific Observation FORMS OF SCIENTIFIC OBSERVATION AND RESEARCH Naturalistic Observation used in Descriptive Research Techniques of Naturalistic Observation used in Descriptive research Experimental Observation used in Explanatory / Experimental Research STEPS OF THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD Introduction Primary Steps Secondary Steps Problem Formulation (Step One of the Scientific Method) Hypothesis Formulation (Step Two of the Scientific Method) VARIABLES IN RESEARCH DESIGNS Design Construction (Step Three of the Scientific Method) Variables Principal Variables of Experiments Accuracy and Consistency of Variables Abstract Variables and Concrete Definitions Circular Reasoning INITIAL AND FINAL PHASES OF RESEARCH Literature Surveys Research Proposal Pilot Study Serendipity Research Report Part Two - Research Ethics and Experimental Control ETHICS OF RESEARCH Non-Participant Ethical Issues Human Participant Ethical Issues Animal Participant Ethical Issues CONTROL IN EXPERIMENTS: BASIC PRINCIPALS AND SOME TECHNIQUES Two Meanings of Experimental Control Forms of Extraneous Variables Concept of Variance and Good Experimental Designs General Sources of Variance Types of Variance Minimax Principals of Variance Maximizing the Primary Variance Making Equivalent the Secondary Variance: Some Techniques CONTROL IN EXPERIMENTS: ADDITIONAL TECHNIQUES AND PRINCIPLES Making Equivalent the Secondary Variance: More Techniques Minimizing the Error Variance Part Three - Design and Analysis of Experiments DESIGNS FOR EXPERIMENTS: INTRODUCTION AND WITHIN-PARTICIPANTS General Concepts and Principles Pre-Experimental Design Quasi-Experimental Designs Categories of Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Designs Within-Participants / Groups (Repeated-Measures) Designs DESIGNS FOR EXPERIMENTS: BETWEEN-PARTICIPANTS AND MULTIPLE TREATMENTS Between-Participants, Independent (Randomized), Two-Group Designs Between-Participants, Related/Matched/Correlated, Two-Group Designs Multiple Treatment Designs SAMPLING AND GENERALIZATION Definitions Fundamental Decisions When Selecting a Sample of Research Participants Statistics and Parameters Sampling Reliability Sampling Validity Generalization/ External Validity Concerns Sampling Techniques HYPOTHESIS TESTING AND STATISTICAL SIGNIFICANCE Types of Hypotheses Testing the Null Hypothesis: Two Possible Outcomes Proof versus Disproof: Certainty versus Support Potential Errors During Statistical Decision Making Researcher's Dilemma and the Chosen Level of Significance/Confidence Power/Sensitivity of Statistical Tests and Designs Sampling Distributions of Differences Between Pairs of Means Statistical Significance versus Practical Significance APPENDICES INDEX Note: Each chapter also includes a Review Summary and Review Questions


Szczegóły: Experimental Methods for Behavioral - Jay E. Gould, J Gould

Tytuł: Experimental Methods for Behavioral
Autor: Jay E. Gould, J Gould
Producent: CRC Press Inc.
ISBN: 9780849311048
Rok produkcji: 2001
Ilość stron: 448
Oprawa: Miękka
Waga: 0.79 kg


Recenzje: Experimental Methods for Behavioral - Jay E. Gould, J Gould

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Inne pozycje tego autora: Jay E. Gould, J Gould (1)

Experimental Methods for Behavioral

,

Although there are many books written on the principles and methods of experimentation, few are written in a succinct, comprehensive outline format. The Concise Handbook of Experimental Methods for the Behavioral and Biological Sciences is based on a popular course taught by the author for more than two decades to assist advanced undergraduate and graduate students in understanding and applying the principles and methods of experimentation. The handbook is organized into three parts. Part One covers the philosophy of science, forms of scientific research, steps of the scientific method, variables in research designs, and the initial and final phases of research. Part Two discusses research ethics and experimental control. Part Three surveys experimental design, sampling and generalization, and hypothesis testing and statistical significance. The handbook's illustrations, extensive appendices, and detailed index allow you to acquire the techniques necessary to conduct, interpret, and evaluate research and then clearly communicate those findings. The Concise Handbook of Experimental Methods for the Behavioral and Biological Sciences eliminates the need for wading through unnecessary details to find what you need, making it a handy resource for reference and review. "This is an interesting book on the 'big picture' of experiments, written by a psychology professor from the University of West Florida. . . This would be a good book to include in a list of additional reading for a graduate or undergraduate statistical consulting course. It would help students gain an appreciation of how the entire process of experimentation is viewed by practitioners, and to focus on the role of statisticians in date collection and analysis." -Christine M. Anderson-Cook, Virginia Tech "beautifully written The purpose is to provide a vast amount of experimental research knowledge to the reader in a concise, easy-to-read, easy-to-use, yet thorough format. Moreover, the outline format is a tremendously ingenious way of presenting this material. The author undoubtedly has achieved his objectives. This book was a pleasure to read and review and will be of value - to me in particular. I see this book being the core text for research methodology courses as well as a solid text for researchers in the field. I recommend this book without reservation." - Nicholas Greco IV, M.S., Abbott Laboratories, in Divine, Inc. (formerly Doody Publishing)Part One - Science: The Philosophy and Components PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE: THE SCIENTIFIC APPROACH TO KNOWLEDGE Philosophy and its Relationship to the Sciences Approaches to Knowledge Goals of Science Assumptions of Science Requirements of Scientific Observation FORMS OF SCIENTIFIC OBSERVATION AND RESEARCH Naturalistic Observation used in Descriptive Research Techniques of Naturalistic Observation used in Descriptive research Experimental Observation used in Explanatory / Experimental Research STEPS OF THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD Introduction Primary Steps Secondary Steps Problem Formulation (Step One of the Scientific Method) Hypothesis Formulation (Step Two of the Scientific Method) VARIABLES IN RESEARCH DESIGNS Design Construction (Step Three of the Scientific Method) Variables Principal Variables of Experiments Accuracy and Consistency of Variables Abstract Variables and Concrete Definitions Circular Reasoning INITIAL AND FINAL PHASES OF RESEARCH Literature Surveys Research Proposal Pilot Study Serendipity Research Report Part Two - Research Ethics and Experimental Control ETHICS OF RESEARCH Non-Participant Ethical Issues Human Participant Ethical Issues Animal Participant Ethical Issues CONTROL IN EXPERIMENTS: BASIC PRINCIPALS AND SOME TECHNIQUES Two Meanings of Experimental Control Forms of Extraneous Variables Concept of Variance and Good Experimental Designs General Sources of Variance Types of Variance Minimax Principals of Variance Maximizing the Primary Variance Making Equivalent the Secondary Variance: Some Techniques CONTROL IN EXPERIMENTS: ADDITIONAL TECHNIQUES AND PRINCIPLES Making Equivalent the Secondary Variance: More Techniques Minimizing the Error Variance Part Three - Design and Analysis of Experiments DESIGNS FOR EXPERIMENTS: INTRODUCTION AND WITHIN-PARTICIPANTS General Concepts and Principles Pre-Experimental Design Quasi-Experimental Designs Categories of Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Designs Within-Participants / Groups (Repeated-Measures) Designs DESIGNS FOR EXPERIMENTS: BETWEEN-PARTICIPANTS AND MULTIPLE TREATMENTS Between-Participants, Independent (Randomized), Two-Group Designs Between-Participants, Related/Matched/Correlated, Two-Group Designs Multiple Treatment Designs SAMPLING AND GENERALIZATION Definitions Fundamental Decisions When Selecting a Sample of Research Participants Statistics and Parameters Sampling Reliability Sampling Validity Generalization/ External Validity Concerns Sampling Techniques HYPOTHESIS TESTING AND STATISTICAL SIGNIFICANCE Types of Hypotheses Testing the Null Hypothesis: Two Possible Outcomes Proof versus Disproof: Certainty versus Support Potential Errors During Statistical Decision Making Researcher's Dilemma and the Chosen Level of Significance/Confidence Power/Sensitivity of Statistical Tests and Designs Sampling Distributions of Differences Between Pairs of Means Statistical Significance versus Practical Significance APPENDICES INDEX Note: Each chapter also includes a Review Summary and Review Questions

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Szczegóły: Experimental Methods for Behavioral - Jay E. Gould, J Gould

Tytuł: Experimental Methods for Behavioral
Autor: Jay E. Gould, J Gould
Producent: CRC Press Inc.
ISBN: 9780849311048
Rok produkcji: 2001
Ilość stron: 448
Oprawa: Miękka
Waga: 0.79 kg


Recenzje: Experimental Methods for Behavioral - Jay E. Gould, J Gould

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Inne pozycje tego autora: Jay E. Gould, J Gould (1)


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