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Opis: Water Chemistry - Stanley E. Manahan, S Manahan

Carefully crafted to provide a comprehensive overview of the chemistry of water in the environment, Water Chemistry: Green Science and Technology of Nature's Most Renewable Resource examines water issues within the broad framework of sustainability, an issue of increasing importance as the demands of Earth's human population threaten to overwhelm the planet's carrying capacity. Renowned environmental author Stanley Manahan provides more than just basic coverage of the chemistry of water. He relates the science and technology of this amazing substance to areas essential to sustainability science, including environmental and green chemistry, industrial ecology, and green (sustainable) science and technology. The inclusion of a separate chapter that comprehensively covers energy, including renewable and emerging sources, sets this book a part. Manahan explains how the hydrosphere relates to the geosphere, atmosphere, biosphere, and anthrosphere. His approach views Planet Earth as consisting of these five mutually interacting spheres. He covers biogeochemical cycles and the essential role of water in these basic cycles of materials. He also defines environmental chemistry and green chemistry, emphasizing water's role in the practice of each. Manahan highlights the role of the anthrosphere, that part of the environment constructed and operated by humans. He underscores its overwhelming influence on the environment and its pervasive effects on the hydrosphere. He also covers the essential role that water plays in the sustainable operation of the anthrosphere and how it can be maintained in a manner that will enable it to operate in harmony with the environment for generations to come. Written at an intermediate level, this is an appropriate text for the study of current affairs in environmental chemistry. It provides a review and grounding in basic and organic chemistry for those students who need it and also fills a niche for an aquatic chemistry book that relates the hydrosphere to the four other environmental spheres. "...it is a thorough review, and by virtue of its simple but clear diagrams and plain English makes the text easy to follow and understand. There is continuity between chapters, thus allowing a smooth flow between the various subjects whilst adding to its easy-reading nature." -Chromatographia, March 2011,73:1039Water and the Five Spheres of the Environment Water The Hydrosphere The Geosphere and the Hydrosphere The Atmosphere and the Hydrosphere The Biosphere and the Hydrosphere The Anthrosphere and the Hydrosphere Water and Biogeochemical Cycles Water and Environmental Chemistry Water and Green Chemistry Literature Cited Supplementary References Questions and Problems Properties of Water and the Hydrosphere The Fantastic Water Molecule Water as an Essential Resource The Hydrological Cycle Standing Bodies of Water Flowing Water Groundwater Water Utilization Impoundment and Transfer of Water Water: A Very Useful Green Substance Aquatic Life Global Warming and Water References Supplementary References Questions and Problems Fundamentals of Aquatic Chemistry Introduction to Aquatic Chemistry Gases in Water Water Acidity and Carbon Dioxide in Water Alkalinity Calcium and Other Metals in Water Complexation and Chelation Bonding and Structure of Metal Complexes Calculations of Species Concentrations Complexation by Deprotonated Ligands Complexation by Protonated Ligands Solubilization of Lead Ion from Solids by NTA Polyphosphates and Phosphonates in Water Complexation by Humic Substances Complexation and Redox Processes Literature Cited Supplementary References Questions and Problems Oxidation-Reduction in Aquatic Chemistry The Significance of Oxidation-Reduction Electron and Redox Reactions Electron Activity and pE The Nernst Equation Reaction Tendency: Whole Reaction from Half-Reactions The Nernst Equation and Chemical Equilibrium. The Relationship of pE to Free Energy Reactions in Terms of One Electron-Mole The Limits of pE in Water pE Values in Natural Water Systems pE-pH Diagrams Humic Substances as Natural Reductants Photochemical Processes in Oxidation-Reduction Corrosion Literature Cited Supplementary References Questions and Problems Phase Interactions in Aquatic Chemistry Chemical Interactions Involving Solids, Gases, and Water Importance and Formation of Sediments Solubilities Colloidal Particles in Water Colloidal Properties of Clays Aggregation of Particles Surface Sorption by Solids Solute Exchange with Bottom Sediments Interstitial Water Phase Interactions in Chemical Fate and Transport Literature Cited Supplementary References Questions and Problems Aquatic Microbial Biochemistry Aquatic Biochemical Processes Algae Fungi Protozoa Bacteria The Prokaryotic Bacterial Cell Kinetics of Bacterial Growth Bacterial Metabolism Microbial Transformations of Carbon Biodegradation of Organic Matter Microbial Transformations of Nitrogen Microbial Transformations of Phosphorus and Sulfur Microbial Transformations of Halogens and Organohalides Microbial Transformations of Metals and Metalloids Literature Cited Supplementary References Questions and Problems Water Pollution Nature and Types of Water Pollutants Elemental Pollutants Heavy Metals Metalloids Organically Bound Metals and Metalloids Inorganic Species Algal Nutrients and Eutrophication Acidity, Alkalinity, and Salinity Oxygen, Oxidants, and Reductants Organic Pollutants Pesticides in Water Polychlorinated Biphenyls Emerging Water Pollutants, Pharmaceuticals, and Household Wastes Radionuclides in the Aquatic Environment Literature Cited Supplementary References Questions and Problems Water Treatment Water Treatment and Water Use Municipal Water Treatment Treatment of Water for Industrial Use Sewage Treatment Industrial Wastewater Treatment Removal of Solids Removal of Calcium and other Metals Removal of Dissolved Organics Removal of Dissolved Inorganics Sludge Water Disinfection Natural Water Purification Processes Green Water Water Conservation Protecting Water Supplies from Attack Literature Cited Supplementary References Questions and Problems Chemical Analysis of Water and Wastewater General Aspects of Environmental Chemical Analysis Classical Methods Spectrophotometric Methods Electrochemical Methods of Analysis Chromatography Mass Spectrometry Analysis of Water Automated Water Analyses Speciation Emerging Contaminants in Water Analysis Chiral Contaminants Literature Cited Supplementary References Questions and Problems Sustainable Energy: The Key to Everything The Energy Challenge Nature of Energy Sources of Energy Used in the Anthrosphere Energy Devices and Conversions Green Technology and Energy Conversion Efficiency Energy Conservation and Renewable Energy Sources Petroleum and Natural Gas Coal Carbon Sequestration for Fossil Fuel Utilization Industrial Ecology for Energy and Chemicals Nuclear Energy Geothermal Energy The Sun: An Ideal, Renewable Energy Source Energy from Moving Air and Moving Water Biomass Energy Hydrogen as a Means to Store and Utilize Energy Combined Power Cycles A System of Industrial Ecology for Methane Production Literature Cited Supplementary References Questions and Problems Fundamentals of Chemistry The Science of Matter Elements Chemical Bonding Chemical Reactions and Equations Solutions Literature Cited Supplementary References Questions and Problems Organic Chemistry Organic Chemistry Hydrocarbons Organic Functional Groups and Classes of Organic Compounds Synthetic Polymers Supplementary References Questions and Problems Index


Szczegóły: Water Chemistry - Stanley E. Manahan, S Manahan

Tytuł: Water Chemistry
Autor: Stanley E. Manahan, S Manahan
Producent: CRC Press Inc.
ISBN: 9781439830680
Rok produkcji: 2010
Ilość stron: 416
Oprawa: Miękka
Waga: 0.72 kg


Recenzje: Water Chemistry - Stanley E. Manahan, S Manahan

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Water Chemistry

,

Carefully crafted to provide a comprehensive overview of the chemistry of water in the environment, Water Chemistry: Green Science and Technology of Nature's Most Renewable Resource examines water issues within the broad framework of sustainability, an issue of increasing importance as the demands of Earth's human population threaten to overwhelm the planet's carrying capacity. Renowned environmental author Stanley Manahan provides more than just basic coverage of the chemistry of water. He relates the science and technology of this amazing substance to areas essential to sustainability science, including environmental and green chemistry, industrial ecology, and green (sustainable) science and technology. The inclusion of a separate chapter that comprehensively covers energy, including renewable and emerging sources, sets this book a part. Manahan explains how the hydrosphere relates to the geosphere, atmosphere, biosphere, and anthrosphere. His approach views Planet Earth as consisting of these five mutually interacting spheres. He covers biogeochemical cycles and the essential role of water in these basic cycles of materials. He also defines environmental chemistry and green chemistry, emphasizing water's role in the practice of each. Manahan highlights the role of the anthrosphere, that part of the environment constructed and operated by humans. He underscores its overwhelming influence on the environment and its pervasive effects on the hydrosphere. He also covers the essential role that water plays in the sustainable operation of the anthrosphere and how it can be maintained in a manner that will enable it to operate in harmony with the environment for generations to come. Written at an intermediate level, this is an appropriate text for the study of current affairs in environmental chemistry. It provides a review and grounding in basic and organic chemistry for those students who need it and also fills a niche for an aquatic chemistry book that relates the hydrosphere to the four other environmental spheres. "...it is a thorough review, and by virtue of its simple but clear diagrams and plain English makes the text easy to follow and understand. There is continuity between chapters, thus allowing a smooth flow between the various subjects whilst adding to its easy-reading nature." -Chromatographia, March 2011,73:1039Water and the Five Spheres of the Environment Water The Hydrosphere The Geosphere and the Hydrosphere The Atmosphere and the Hydrosphere The Biosphere and the Hydrosphere The Anthrosphere and the Hydrosphere Water and Biogeochemical Cycles Water and Environmental Chemistry Water and Green Chemistry Literature Cited Supplementary References Questions and Problems Properties of Water and the Hydrosphere The Fantastic Water Molecule Water as an Essential Resource The Hydrological Cycle Standing Bodies of Water Flowing Water Groundwater Water Utilization Impoundment and Transfer of Water Water: A Very Useful Green Substance Aquatic Life Global Warming and Water References Supplementary References Questions and Problems Fundamentals of Aquatic Chemistry Introduction to Aquatic Chemistry Gases in Water Water Acidity and Carbon Dioxide in Water Alkalinity Calcium and Other Metals in Water Complexation and Chelation Bonding and Structure of Metal Complexes Calculations of Species Concentrations Complexation by Deprotonated Ligands Complexation by Protonated Ligands Solubilization of Lead Ion from Solids by NTA Polyphosphates and Phosphonates in Water Complexation by Humic Substances Complexation and Redox Processes Literature Cited Supplementary References Questions and Problems Oxidation-Reduction in Aquatic Chemistry The Significance of Oxidation-Reduction Electron and Redox Reactions Electron Activity and pE The Nernst Equation Reaction Tendency: Whole Reaction from Half-Reactions The Nernst Equation and Chemical Equilibrium. The Relationship of pE to Free Energy Reactions in Terms of One Electron-Mole The Limits of pE in Water pE Values in Natural Water Systems pE-pH Diagrams Humic Substances as Natural Reductants Photochemical Processes in Oxidation-Reduction Corrosion Literature Cited Supplementary References Questions and Problems Phase Interactions in Aquatic Chemistry Chemical Interactions Involving Solids, Gases, and Water Importance and Formation of Sediments Solubilities Colloidal Particles in Water Colloidal Properties of Clays Aggregation of Particles Surface Sorption by Solids Solute Exchange with Bottom Sediments Interstitial Water Phase Interactions in Chemical Fate and Transport Literature Cited Supplementary References Questions and Problems Aquatic Microbial Biochemistry Aquatic Biochemical Processes Algae Fungi Protozoa Bacteria The Prokaryotic Bacterial Cell Kinetics of Bacterial Growth Bacterial Metabolism Microbial Transformations of Carbon Biodegradation of Organic Matter Microbial Transformations of Nitrogen Microbial Transformations of Phosphorus and Sulfur Microbial Transformations of Halogens and Organohalides Microbial Transformations of Metals and Metalloids Literature Cited Supplementary References Questions and Problems Water Pollution Nature and Types of Water Pollutants Elemental Pollutants Heavy Metals Metalloids Organically Bound Metals and Metalloids Inorganic Species Algal Nutrients and Eutrophication Acidity, Alkalinity, and Salinity Oxygen, Oxidants, and Reductants Organic Pollutants Pesticides in Water Polychlorinated Biphenyls Emerging Water Pollutants, Pharmaceuticals, and Household Wastes Radionuclides in the Aquatic Environment Literature Cited Supplementary References Questions and Problems Water Treatment Water Treatment and Water Use Municipal Water Treatment Treatment of Water for Industrial Use Sewage Treatment Industrial Wastewater Treatment Removal of Solids Removal of Calcium and other Metals Removal of Dissolved Organics Removal of Dissolved Inorganics Sludge Water Disinfection Natural Water Purification Processes Green Water Water Conservation Protecting Water Supplies from Attack Literature Cited Supplementary References Questions and Problems Chemical Analysis of Water and Wastewater General Aspects of Environmental Chemical Analysis Classical Methods Spectrophotometric Methods Electrochemical Methods of Analysis Chromatography Mass Spectrometry Analysis of Water Automated Water Analyses Speciation Emerging Contaminants in Water Analysis Chiral Contaminants Literature Cited Supplementary References Questions and Problems Sustainable Energy: The Key to Everything The Energy Challenge Nature of Energy Sources of Energy Used in the Anthrosphere Energy Devices and Conversions Green Technology and Energy Conversion Efficiency Energy Conservation and Renewable Energy Sources Petroleum and Natural Gas Coal Carbon Sequestration for Fossil Fuel Utilization Industrial Ecology for Energy and Chemicals Nuclear Energy Geothermal Energy The Sun: An Ideal, Renewable Energy Source Energy from Moving Air and Moving Water Biomass Energy Hydrogen as a Means to Store and Utilize Energy Combined Power Cycles A System of Industrial Ecology for Methane Production Literature Cited Supplementary References Questions and Problems Fundamentals of Chemistry The Science of Matter Elements Chemical Bonding Chemical Reactions and Equations Solutions Literature Cited Supplementary References Questions and Problems Organic Chemistry Organic Chemistry Hydrocarbons Organic Functional Groups and Classes of Organic Compounds Synthetic Polymers Supplementary References Questions and Problems Index

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Cena 319,20 PLN
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Szczegóły: Water Chemistry - Stanley E. Manahan, S Manahan

Tytuł: Water Chemistry
Autor: Stanley E. Manahan, S Manahan
Producent: CRC Press Inc.
ISBN: 9781439830680
Rok produkcji: 2010
Ilość stron: 416
Oprawa: Miękka
Waga: 0.72 kg


Recenzje: Water Chemistry - Stanley E. Manahan, S Manahan

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