Formal Methods for Industrial Critical Systems

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Opis: Formal Methods for Industrial Critical Systems - Tiziana Margaria, Stefania Gnesi

Today, formal methods are widely recognized as an essential step in the design process of industrial safety-critical systems. In its more general definition, the term formal methods encompasses all notations having a precise mathematical semantics, together with their associated analysis methods, that allow description and reasoning about the behavior of a system in a formal manner. Growing out of more than a decade of award-winning collaborative work within the European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics, Formal Methods for Industrial Critical Systems: A Survey of Applications presents a number of mainstream formal methods currently used for designing industrial critical systems, with a focus on model checking. The purpose of the book is threefold: to reduce the effort required to learnformal methods, whichhas beena major drawback for their industrial dissemination; to help designers to adopt the formal methods which are most appropriate for their systems; and to offer a panel of state-of-the-art techniques and tools for analyzing critical systems.FOREWORD by Mike Hinchey xiii FOREWORD by Alessandro Fantechi and Pedro Merino xv PREFACE xvii CONTRIBUTORS xix PART I INTRODUCTION AND STATE OF THE ART 1 1 FORMAL METHODS: APPLYING {LOGICS IN, THEORETICAL} COMPUTER SCIENCE 3 Diego Latella 1.1 Introduction and State of the Art 3 1.2 Future Directions 9 PART II MODELING PARADIGMS 15 2 A SYNCHRONOUS LANGUAGE AT WORK: THE STORY OF LUSTRE 17 Nicolas Halbwachs 2.1 Introduction 17 2.2 A Flavor of the Language 18 2.3 The Design and Development of Lustre and Scade 20 2.4 Some Lessons from Industrial Use 25 2.5 And Now ... 28 3 REQUIREMENTS OF AN INTEGRATED FORMAL METHOD FOR INTELLIGENT SWARMS 33 Mike Hinchey, James L. Rash, Christopher A. Rouff, Walt F. Truszkowski, and Amy K.C.S. Vanderbilt 3.1 Introduction 33 3.2 Swarm Technologies 35 3.3 NASA FAST Project 39 3.4 Integrated Swarm Formal Method 41 3.5 Conclusion 55 PART III TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS 61 4 SOME TRENDS IN FORMAL METHODS APPLICATIONS TO RAILWAY SIGNALING 63 Alessandro Fantechi, Wan Fokkink, and Angelo Morzenti 4.1 Introduction 63 4.2 CENELEC Guidelines 65 4.3 Software Procurement in Railway Signaling 66 4.4 A Success Story: The B Method 70 4.5 Classes of Railway Signaling Equipment 71 4.6 Conclusions 80 5 SYMBOLIC MODEL CHECKING FOR AVIONICS 85 Radu I. Siminiceanu and Gianfranco Ciardo 5.1 Introduction 85 5.2 Application: The Runway Safety Monitor 87 5.3 A Discrete Model of RSM 95 5.4 Discussion 107 PART IV TELECOMMUNICATIONS 113 6 APPLYING FORMAL METHODS TO TELECOMMUNICATION SERVICES WITH ACTIVE NETWORKS 115 Maria del Mar Gallardo, Jesus Martinez, and Pedro Merino 6.1 Overview 115 6.2 Active Networks 116 6.3 The Capsule Approach 117 6.4 Previous Approaches on Analyzing Active Networks 118 6.5 Model Checking Active Networks with SPIN 122 6.6 Conclusions 129 7 PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS OF PROBABILISTIC MODEL CHECKING TO COMMUNICATION PROTOCOLS 133 Marie Dufl ot, Marta Kwiatkowska, Gethin Norman, David Parker, Sylvain Peyronnet, Claudine Picaronny, and Jeremy Sproston 7.1 Introduction 133 7.2 PTAs 134 7.3 Probabilistic Model Checking 136 7.4 Case Study: CSMA/CD 139 7.5 Discussion and Conclusion 146 PART V INTERNET AND ONLINE SERVICES 151 8 DESIGN FOR VERIFIABILITY: THE OCS CASE STUDY 153 Johannes Neubauer, Tiziana Margaria, and Bernhard Steffen 8.1 Introduction 153 8.2 The User Model 155 8.3 The Models and the Framework 158 8.4 Model Checking 159 8.5 Validating Emerging Global Behavior via Automata Learning 161 8.6 Related Work 170 8.7 Conclusion and Perspectives 173 9 AN APPLICATION OF STOCHASTIC MODEL CHECKING IN THE INDUSTRY: USER-CENTERED MODELING AND ANALYSIS OF COLLABORATION IN THINKTEAM 179 Maurice H. ter Beek, Stefania Gnesi, Diego Latella, Mieke Massink, Maurizio Sebastianis, and Gianluca Trentanni 9.1 Introduction 179 9.2 thinkteam 182 9.3 Analysis of the thinkteam Log File 184 9.4 thinkteam with Replicated Vaults 189 9.5 Lessons Learned 201 9.6 Conclusions 201 PART VI RUNTIME: TESTING AND MODEL LEARNING 205 10 THE TESTING AND TEST CONTROL NOTATION TTCN-3 AND ITS USE 207 Ina Schieferdecker and Alain-Georges Vouffo-Feudjio 10.1 Introduction 207 10.2 The Concepts of TTCN-3 210 10.3 An Introductory Example 216 10.4 TTCN-3 Semantics and Its Application 219 10.5 A Distributed Test Platform for the TTCN-3 220 10.6 Case Study I: Testing of Open Service Architecture (OSA)/Parlay Services 223 10.7 Case Study II: Testing of IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) Equipment 225 10.8 Conclusion 230 11 PRACTICAL ASPECTS OF ACTIVE AUTOMATA LEARNING 235 Falk Howar, Maik Merten, Bernhard Steffen, and Tiziana Margaria 11.1 Introduction 235 11.2 Regular Extrapolation 239 11.3 Challenges in Regular Extrapolation 244 11.4 Interacting with Real Systems 247 11.5 Membership Queries 250 11.6 Reset 253 11.7 Parameters and Value Domains 256 11.8 The NGLL 260 11.9 Conclusion and Perspectives 263 References 264 INDEX 269


Szczegóły: Formal Methods for Industrial Critical Systems - Tiziana Margaria, Stefania Gnesi

Tytuł: Formal Methods for Industrial Critical Systems
Autor: Tiziana Margaria, Stefania Gnesi
Producent: John Wiley
ISBN: 9780470876183
Rok produkcji: 2013
Ilość stron: 292
Oprawa: Miękka
Waga: 0.5 kg


Recenzje: Formal Methods for Industrial Critical Systems - Tiziana Margaria, Stefania Gnesi

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Formal Methods for Industrial Critical Systems

,

Today, formal methods are widely recognized as an essential step in the design process of industrial safety-critical systems. In its more general definition, the term formal methods encompasses all notations having a precise mathematical semantics, together with their associated analysis methods, that allow description and reasoning about the behavior of a system in a formal manner. Growing out of more than a decade of award-winning collaborative work within the European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics, Formal Methods for Industrial Critical Systems: A Survey of Applications presents a number of mainstream formal methods currently used for designing industrial critical systems, with a focus on model checking. The purpose of the book is threefold: to reduce the effort required to learnformal methods, whichhas beena major drawback for their industrial dissemination; to help designers to adopt the formal methods which are most appropriate for their systems; and to offer a panel of state-of-the-art techniques and tools for analyzing critical systems.FOREWORD by Mike Hinchey xiii FOREWORD by Alessandro Fantechi and Pedro Merino xv PREFACE xvii CONTRIBUTORS xix PART I INTRODUCTION AND STATE OF THE ART 1 1 FORMAL METHODS: APPLYING {LOGICS IN, THEORETICAL} COMPUTER SCIENCE 3 Diego Latella 1.1 Introduction and State of the Art 3 1.2 Future Directions 9 PART II MODELING PARADIGMS 15 2 A SYNCHRONOUS LANGUAGE AT WORK: THE STORY OF LUSTRE 17 Nicolas Halbwachs 2.1 Introduction 17 2.2 A Flavor of the Language 18 2.3 The Design and Development of Lustre and Scade 20 2.4 Some Lessons from Industrial Use 25 2.5 And Now ... 28 3 REQUIREMENTS OF AN INTEGRATED FORMAL METHOD FOR INTELLIGENT SWARMS 33 Mike Hinchey, James L. Rash, Christopher A. Rouff, Walt F. Truszkowski, and Amy K.C.S. Vanderbilt 3.1 Introduction 33 3.2 Swarm Technologies 35 3.3 NASA FAST Project 39 3.4 Integrated Swarm Formal Method 41 3.5 Conclusion 55 PART III TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS 61 4 SOME TRENDS IN FORMAL METHODS APPLICATIONS TO RAILWAY SIGNALING 63 Alessandro Fantechi, Wan Fokkink, and Angelo Morzenti 4.1 Introduction 63 4.2 CENELEC Guidelines 65 4.3 Software Procurement in Railway Signaling 66 4.4 A Success Story: The B Method 70 4.5 Classes of Railway Signaling Equipment 71 4.6 Conclusions 80 5 SYMBOLIC MODEL CHECKING FOR AVIONICS 85 Radu I. Siminiceanu and Gianfranco Ciardo 5.1 Introduction 85 5.2 Application: The Runway Safety Monitor 87 5.3 A Discrete Model of RSM 95 5.4 Discussion 107 PART IV TELECOMMUNICATIONS 113 6 APPLYING FORMAL METHODS TO TELECOMMUNICATION SERVICES WITH ACTIVE NETWORKS 115 Maria del Mar Gallardo, Jesus Martinez, and Pedro Merino 6.1 Overview 115 6.2 Active Networks 116 6.3 The Capsule Approach 117 6.4 Previous Approaches on Analyzing Active Networks 118 6.5 Model Checking Active Networks with SPIN 122 6.6 Conclusions 129 7 PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS OF PROBABILISTIC MODEL CHECKING TO COMMUNICATION PROTOCOLS 133 Marie Dufl ot, Marta Kwiatkowska, Gethin Norman, David Parker, Sylvain Peyronnet, Claudine Picaronny, and Jeremy Sproston 7.1 Introduction 133 7.2 PTAs 134 7.3 Probabilistic Model Checking 136 7.4 Case Study: CSMA/CD 139 7.5 Discussion and Conclusion 146 PART V INTERNET AND ONLINE SERVICES 151 8 DESIGN FOR VERIFIABILITY: THE OCS CASE STUDY 153 Johannes Neubauer, Tiziana Margaria, and Bernhard Steffen 8.1 Introduction 153 8.2 The User Model 155 8.3 The Models and the Framework 158 8.4 Model Checking 159 8.5 Validating Emerging Global Behavior via Automata Learning 161 8.6 Related Work 170 8.7 Conclusion and Perspectives 173 9 AN APPLICATION OF STOCHASTIC MODEL CHECKING IN THE INDUSTRY: USER-CENTERED MODELING AND ANALYSIS OF COLLABORATION IN THINKTEAM 179 Maurice H. ter Beek, Stefania Gnesi, Diego Latella, Mieke Massink, Maurizio Sebastianis, and Gianluca Trentanni 9.1 Introduction 179 9.2 thinkteam 182 9.3 Analysis of the thinkteam Log File 184 9.4 thinkteam with Replicated Vaults 189 9.5 Lessons Learned 201 9.6 Conclusions 201 PART VI RUNTIME: TESTING AND MODEL LEARNING 205 10 THE TESTING AND TEST CONTROL NOTATION TTCN-3 AND ITS USE 207 Ina Schieferdecker and Alain-Georges Vouffo-Feudjio 10.1 Introduction 207 10.2 The Concepts of TTCN-3 210 10.3 An Introductory Example 216 10.4 TTCN-3 Semantics and Its Application 219 10.5 A Distributed Test Platform for the TTCN-3 220 10.6 Case Study I: Testing of Open Service Architecture (OSA)/Parlay Services 223 10.7 Case Study II: Testing of IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) Equipment 225 10.8 Conclusion 230 11 PRACTICAL ASPECTS OF ACTIVE AUTOMATA LEARNING 235 Falk Howar, Maik Merten, Bernhard Steffen, and Tiziana Margaria 11.1 Introduction 235 11.2 Regular Extrapolation 239 11.3 Challenges in Regular Extrapolation 244 11.4 Interacting with Real Systems 247 11.5 Membership Queries 250 11.6 Reset 253 11.7 Parameters and Value Domains 256 11.8 The NGLL 260 11.9 Conclusion and Perspectives 263 References 264 INDEX 269

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Cena 283,50 PLN
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Szczegóły: Formal Methods for Industrial Critical Systems - Tiziana Margaria, Stefania Gnesi

Tytuł: Formal Methods for Industrial Critical Systems
Autor: Tiziana Margaria, Stefania Gnesi
Producent: John Wiley
ISBN: 9780470876183
Rok produkcji: 2013
Ilość stron: 292
Oprawa: Miękka
Waga: 0.5 kg


Recenzje: Formal Methods for Industrial Critical Systems - Tiziana Margaria, Stefania Gnesi

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