Carbon Nanotubes for Polymer Reinforcement

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Opis: Carbon Nanotubes for Polymer Reinforcement - Jang-Kyo Kim, Peng-Cheng Ma, J Kim

Reinforcement for polymer matrix composites may not grab headlines, but it is one of the most important applications of carbon nanotubes (CNTs). This book highlights those areas where fabrication has proven difficult due to CNT entanglement and poor interfacial interactions among the CNTs and polymers. The text outlines how to specifically functionalize CNTs and control their surface functionalities to enhance the interfacial interactions with polymer matrix. Researchers working in the field of CNTs will greatly appreciate the convenience of this compilation that describes dispersion and functionalization of CNT into polymer composites. ... researchers new to this field of research would greatly benefit from the clear and comprehensive review of these two critical parameters and will quickly gain a deep technical insight into the details. -IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine, March/April 20121. Introduction 1.1 Introduction to carbon nanotubes (CNTs) 1.1.1 Family of Carbon Materials 1.1.2 History of CNTs 1.1.3 Synthesis of CNTs 1.2 Properties of CNTs 1.2.1 Structure properties 1.2.2 Mechanical properties 1.2.3 Electrical/electronic properties 1.2.4 Thermal properties 1.2.5 Optical properties 1.2.6 Magnetic properties 1.2.7 Defects on CNTs 1.2.8 Others 1.3 Characterization of CNTs 1.3.1 Structure and morphological characterization of CNTs 1.3.2 Characterization of surface functionalities on CNTs 1.4 Other Carbon Nanofillers 1.4.1 Carbon Nanofibers 1.4.2 Spherical Carbonaceous Nanofillers 1.5 Other Nanotubes References 2. Dispersion of CNTs 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Dispersion behavior of CNTs 2.2.1 Dispersion and Distribution of CNTs 2.2.2 Nature of Dispersion Problems for CNTs 2.2.3 Surface Area and Interaction between CNTs 2.3 Techniques for Mechanical Dispersion of CNTs 2.3.1 Ultrasonication 2.3.2 Calendering 2.3.3 Ball Milling 2.3.4 Stir and Extrusion 2.3.5 Other Techniques 2.4 Characterization of CNT dispersion 2.4.1 Microscopic methods 2.4.2 Light methods 2.4.3 Zeta potential 2.5 Dispersion of CNTs in Liquid Media 2.5.1 Dispersion of CNTs in Water and Organic Solvents 2.5.2 Dispersion of CNTs in polymers 2.6 CNT dispersion Using Surfactants 2.6.1 Role of surfactants in CNT dispersion 2.6.2 Nonionic surfactant-assisted CNT dispersion 2.6.3 Ionic surfactant-assisted CNT dispersion 2.6.4 Cationic surfactant-assisted CNT dispersion References 3. Functionalization of CNTs 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Covalent Functionalization of CNTs 3.2.1 Direct side wall functionalization 3.2.2 Defect functionalization 3.3 Non-covalent functionalization of CNTs 3.3.1 Surfactant adsorption 3.3.2 Polymer wrapping 3.3.3 Endohedral method 3.4 CNT Interactions with Biomolecules 3.4.1 Interaction with DNA 3.4.2 Interaction with Proteins 3.4.3 Interaction with Living Cells 3.4.4 Interaction with Carbohydrate 3.5 CNT functionalization in different phases 3.5.1 CNT functionalization in liquid phase 3.5.2 CNT functionalization in solid phase 3.5.3 CNT functionalization in gas phase 3.6 Effects of functionalization on the properties of CNTs 3.6.1 Dispersibility and Wettability of CNTs 3.6.2 Mechanical properties 3.6.3 Electrical/electronic properties 3.6.4 Thermal properties 3.7 Nanoparticle (NP)/CNT nanohybrids 3.7.1 Introduction 3.7.2 Fabrication of NP/CNY Nanohybrids 3.6.2 Applications of NP/CNY Nanohybrids References 4. CNT/Polymer Nanocomposites 4.1 Introduction 4.1.1 Polymer Nanocomposites 4.1.2 Classification of CNT/Polymer Nanocomposites 4.2 Fabrication of CNT/Polymer Nanocomposites 4.2.1 Solution mixing 4.2.2 Melt blending 4.2.3 In-situ polymerization 4.2.4 Latex technology 4.2.5 Resin Transfer Molding 4.2.6 Others 4.3 Effects of CNT Dispersion and Functionalization on the Properties of CNT/Polymer Nanocomposites 4.3.1 Dispersion Behavior of Functionalized CNTs in Polymer Matrix 4.3.2 Mechanical properties 4.3.3 Electrical properties 4.3.4 Thermal properties 4.3.5 Optical properties 4.3.6 Rheological properties 4.3.7 Damping properties 4.4 Control of CNT/Polymer Interface 4.4.1 Importance of Interface 4.4.2 Methodologies for Studying CNT/Polymer Interface References 5. Application of CNT/Polymer Nanocomposites 5.1 Structural application of CNT /polymer nanocomposites 5.1.1 Modifier of Traditional Fiber-Reinforced Polymers 5.1.2 Automobile Application 5.1.3 Aerospace Application 5.1.4 Other Structural Application 5.2 Functional application of CNT/polymer nanocomposites 5.2.1 Conducting Films and Coatings 5.2.2 Electromagnetic Interference Shielding 5.2.3 Sensors and Actuators 5.2.4 Energy Application 5.2.5 Other Application References Appendices


Szczegóły: Carbon Nanotubes for Polymer Reinforcement - Jang-Kyo Kim, Peng-Cheng Ma, J Kim

Tytuł: Carbon Nanotubes for Polymer Reinforcement
Autor: Jang-Kyo Kim, Peng-Cheng Ma, J Kim
Producent: CRC Press Inc.
ISBN: 9781439826218
Rok produkcji: 2011
Ilość stron: 224
Oprawa: Twarda
Waga: 0.45 kg


Recenzje: Carbon Nanotubes for Polymer Reinforcement - Jang-Kyo Kim, Peng-Cheng Ma, J Kim

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Carbon Nanotubes for Polymer Reinforcement

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Reinforcement for polymer matrix composites may not grab headlines, but it is one of the most important applications of carbon nanotubes (CNTs). This book highlights those areas where fabrication has proven difficult due to CNT entanglement and poor interfacial interactions among the CNTs and polymers. The text outlines how to specifically functionalize CNTs and control their surface functionalities to enhance the interfacial interactions with polymer matrix. Researchers working in the field of CNTs will greatly appreciate the convenience of this compilation that describes dispersion and functionalization of CNT into polymer composites. ... researchers new to this field of research would greatly benefit from the clear and comprehensive review of these two critical parameters and will quickly gain a deep technical insight into the details. -IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine, March/April 20121. Introduction 1.1 Introduction to carbon nanotubes (CNTs) 1.1.1 Family of Carbon Materials 1.1.2 History of CNTs 1.1.3 Synthesis of CNTs 1.2 Properties of CNTs 1.2.1 Structure properties 1.2.2 Mechanical properties 1.2.3 Electrical/electronic properties 1.2.4 Thermal properties 1.2.5 Optical properties 1.2.6 Magnetic properties 1.2.7 Defects on CNTs 1.2.8 Others 1.3 Characterization of CNTs 1.3.1 Structure and morphological characterization of CNTs 1.3.2 Characterization of surface functionalities on CNTs 1.4 Other Carbon Nanofillers 1.4.1 Carbon Nanofibers 1.4.2 Spherical Carbonaceous Nanofillers 1.5 Other Nanotubes References 2. Dispersion of CNTs 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Dispersion behavior of CNTs 2.2.1 Dispersion and Distribution of CNTs 2.2.2 Nature of Dispersion Problems for CNTs 2.2.3 Surface Area and Interaction between CNTs 2.3 Techniques for Mechanical Dispersion of CNTs 2.3.1 Ultrasonication 2.3.2 Calendering 2.3.3 Ball Milling 2.3.4 Stir and Extrusion 2.3.5 Other Techniques 2.4 Characterization of CNT dispersion 2.4.1 Microscopic methods 2.4.2 Light methods 2.4.3 Zeta potential 2.5 Dispersion of CNTs in Liquid Media 2.5.1 Dispersion of CNTs in Water and Organic Solvents 2.5.2 Dispersion of CNTs in polymers 2.6 CNT dispersion Using Surfactants 2.6.1 Role of surfactants in CNT dispersion 2.6.2 Nonionic surfactant-assisted CNT dispersion 2.6.3 Ionic surfactant-assisted CNT dispersion 2.6.4 Cationic surfactant-assisted CNT dispersion References 3. Functionalization of CNTs 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Covalent Functionalization of CNTs 3.2.1 Direct side wall functionalization 3.2.2 Defect functionalization 3.3 Non-covalent functionalization of CNTs 3.3.1 Surfactant adsorption 3.3.2 Polymer wrapping 3.3.3 Endohedral method 3.4 CNT Interactions with Biomolecules 3.4.1 Interaction with DNA 3.4.2 Interaction with Proteins 3.4.3 Interaction with Living Cells 3.4.4 Interaction with Carbohydrate 3.5 CNT functionalization in different phases 3.5.1 CNT functionalization in liquid phase 3.5.2 CNT functionalization in solid phase 3.5.3 CNT functionalization in gas phase 3.6 Effects of functionalization on the properties of CNTs 3.6.1 Dispersibility and Wettability of CNTs 3.6.2 Mechanical properties 3.6.3 Electrical/electronic properties 3.6.4 Thermal properties 3.7 Nanoparticle (NP)/CNT nanohybrids 3.7.1 Introduction 3.7.2 Fabrication of NP/CNY Nanohybrids 3.6.2 Applications of NP/CNY Nanohybrids References 4. CNT/Polymer Nanocomposites 4.1 Introduction 4.1.1 Polymer Nanocomposites 4.1.2 Classification of CNT/Polymer Nanocomposites 4.2 Fabrication of CNT/Polymer Nanocomposites 4.2.1 Solution mixing 4.2.2 Melt blending 4.2.3 In-situ polymerization 4.2.4 Latex technology 4.2.5 Resin Transfer Molding 4.2.6 Others 4.3 Effects of CNT Dispersion and Functionalization on the Properties of CNT/Polymer Nanocomposites 4.3.1 Dispersion Behavior of Functionalized CNTs in Polymer Matrix 4.3.2 Mechanical properties 4.3.3 Electrical properties 4.3.4 Thermal properties 4.3.5 Optical properties 4.3.6 Rheological properties 4.3.7 Damping properties 4.4 Control of CNT/Polymer Interface 4.4.1 Importance of Interface 4.4.2 Methodologies for Studying CNT/Polymer Interface References 5. Application of CNT/Polymer Nanocomposites 5.1 Structural application of CNT /polymer nanocomposites 5.1.1 Modifier of Traditional Fiber-Reinforced Polymers 5.1.2 Automobile Application 5.1.3 Aerospace Application 5.1.4 Other Structural Application 5.2 Functional application of CNT/polymer nanocomposites 5.2.1 Conducting Films and Coatings 5.2.2 Electromagnetic Interference Shielding 5.2.3 Sensors and Actuators 5.2.4 Energy Application 5.2.5 Other Application References Appendices

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