Plasma Discharge in Liquid

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  • Producent: Taylor
  • Oprawa: Twarda
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Opis: Plasma Discharge in Liquid - Alexander A. Fridman, Young I. Cho, Yong Yang

Plasma methods that effectively combine ultraviolet radiation, active chemicals, and high electric fields offer an alternative to conventional water treatment methods. However, knowledge of the electric breakdown of liquids has not kept pace with this increasing interest, mostly due to the complexity of phenomena related to the plasma breakdown process. Plasma Discharge in Liquid: Water Treatment and Applications provides engineers and scientists with a fundamental understanding of the physical and chemical phenomena associated with plasma discharges in liquids, particularly in water. It also examines state-of-the-art plasma-assisted water treatment technologies. The Physics & Applications of Underwater Plasma Discharges The first part of the book describes the physical mechanism of pulsed electric breakdown in water and other liquids. It looks at how plasma is generated in liquids and discusses the electronic and bubble mechanism theories for how the electric discharge in liquid is initiated. The second part of the book focuses on various water treatment applications, including: Decontamination of volatile organic compounds and remediation of contaminated water Microorganism sterilization and other biological applications Cooling water treatment Drawing extensively on recent research, this one-stop reference combines the physics and applications of electric breakdown in liquids in a single volume. It offers a valuable resource for scientists, engineers, and students interested in the topic of plasmas in liquids. "The approach and selection of topics are relevant to the technology for effective water treatment. The book can be useful to the researchers and students in this field, and can provide practical solutions for water treatment technology. In addition this book may aid knowledge in usage of plasma technology in other liquid domain." --Rupak K. Banerjee, PhD, PE, Fellow ASME, University of Cincinnati and Kallol Bera, PhD, Applied Materials, Inc., California, USAIntroduction Background Plasma Generation in Nature and in the Laboratory Needs for Plasma Water Treatment Conventional Water Treatment Technologies Chlorination In-Line Filters Pulsed Electric Field Ultraviolet Radiation Ozonation Plasma in Liquids Mechanisms of Plasma Discharges in Liquids Application of Plasma Discharges in Water Generation of Plasma in Liquid Introduction Partial and Full Discharges in Liquid Thermal Breakdown Mechanism Production of Reactive Species, UV, and Shock Wave by Electrical Discharges in Liquid Underwater Plasma Sources Direct Discharges in Liquid Bubble Discharges in Liquid Bubble and Electronic Initiation Mechanism Introduction Electrical Breakdown in Gas Phase The Townsend Breakdown Mechanism Spark Breakdown Mechanism Electron Avalanche for Electrical Breakdown in Liquid Phase Dense Gas Approximation Semiconductor Approximation "Bubble Theory" for Electric Breakdown in Liquid Bubble Formation: Interface Processes Bubble Formation: Joule Heating Bubble Formation: Preexisting Bubbles Streamer Propagation Electrostatic Model Thermal Mechanism Stability Analysis of the Streamers Electrostatic Pressure Surface Tension Hydrodynamic Pressure Nanosecond and Subnanosecond Discharge in Water Fast Imaging of Nanosecond and Subnanosecond Discharge in Water Ionization of Liquid by E-Impact Chance of Voids Formation Decontamination of Volatile Organic Compounds Introduction Conventional Technologies Mechanism of Plasma Treatment of VOCs Decomposition of Methanol and Ethanol Decomposition of Aromatic Compounds Decomposition of Chlorine-Containing Compounds Decoloration of Dyes in Wastewater Decomposition of Freons (Chlorofluorocarbons) Cleaning of SO2 with Nonthermal Plasma Acidic Water Case (pH < 6.5) Neutral and Basic Water Cases (pH > 6.5) Biological Applications Plasma Water Sterilization Previous Studies of Plasma Water Sterilization New Developments in Plasma Water Sterilization Plasma Species and Factors for Sterilization Comparison of Different Plasma Discharges for Water Sterilization Blood Treatment Using Nonthermal Plasma In Vitro Blood Coagulation Using Nonthermal Atmospheric Pressure Plasma In Vivo Blood Coagulation Using DBD Plasma Mechanisms of Blood Coagulation Using Nonthermal Plasma Cooling Water Treatment Using Plasma Introduction Self-Cleaning Filtration Technology with Spark Discharge Calcium Carbonate Precipitation with Spark Discharge Effect of Plasma on Cooling Water Effect of Spray Circulation on Hardness of Cooling Water Mechanism of Plasma-Induced Calcium Precipitation Economic Analysis of Plasma Water Treatment Application for Mineral Fouling Mitigation in Heat Exchangers Fouling Resistance: Validation Study Visualization of the Calcium Carbonate Particles Cycle of Concentration References Index


Szczegóły: Plasma Discharge in Liquid - Alexander A. Fridman, Young I. Cho, Yong Yang

Tytuł: Plasma Discharge in Liquid
Autor: Alexander A. Fridman, Young I. Cho, Yong Yang
Producent: Taylor
ISBN: 9781439866238
Rok produkcji: 2012
Ilość stron: 209
Oprawa: Twarda
Waga: 0.48 kg


Recenzje: Plasma Discharge in Liquid - Alexander A. Fridman, Young I. Cho, Yong Yang

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Plasma Discharge in Liquid

, ,

  • Producent: Taylor
  • Oprawa: Twarda

Plasma methods that effectively combine ultraviolet radiation, active chemicals, and high electric fields offer an alternative to conventional water treatment methods. However, knowledge of the electric breakdown of liquids has not kept pace with this increasing interest, mostly due to the complexity of phenomena related to the plasma breakdown process. Plasma Discharge in Liquid: Water Treatment and Applications provides engineers and scientists with a fundamental understanding of the physical and chemical phenomena associated with plasma discharges in liquids, particularly in water. It also examines state-of-the-art plasma-assisted water treatment technologies. The Physics & Applications of Underwater Plasma Discharges The first part of the book describes the physical mechanism of pulsed electric breakdown in water and other liquids. It looks at how plasma is generated in liquids and discusses the electronic and bubble mechanism theories for how the electric discharge in liquid is initiated. The second part of the book focuses on various water treatment applications, including: Decontamination of volatile organic compounds and remediation of contaminated water Microorganism sterilization and other biological applications Cooling water treatment Drawing extensively on recent research, this one-stop reference combines the physics and applications of electric breakdown in liquids in a single volume. It offers a valuable resource for scientists, engineers, and students interested in the topic of plasmas in liquids. "The approach and selection of topics are relevant to the technology for effective water treatment. The book can be useful to the researchers and students in this field, and can provide practical solutions for water treatment technology. In addition this book may aid knowledge in usage of plasma technology in other liquid domain." --Rupak K. Banerjee, PhD, PE, Fellow ASME, University of Cincinnati and Kallol Bera, PhD, Applied Materials, Inc., California, USAIntroduction Background Plasma Generation in Nature and in the Laboratory Needs for Plasma Water Treatment Conventional Water Treatment Technologies Chlorination In-Line Filters Pulsed Electric Field Ultraviolet Radiation Ozonation Plasma in Liquids Mechanisms of Plasma Discharges in Liquids Application of Plasma Discharges in Water Generation of Plasma in Liquid Introduction Partial and Full Discharges in Liquid Thermal Breakdown Mechanism Production of Reactive Species, UV, and Shock Wave by Electrical Discharges in Liquid Underwater Plasma Sources Direct Discharges in Liquid Bubble Discharges in Liquid Bubble and Electronic Initiation Mechanism Introduction Electrical Breakdown in Gas Phase The Townsend Breakdown Mechanism Spark Breakdown Mechanism Electron Avalanche for Electrical Breakdown in Liquid Phase Dense Gas Approximation Semiconductor Approximation "Bubble Theory" for Electric Breakdown in Liquid Bubble Formation: Interface Processes Bubble Formation: Joule Heating Bubble Formation: Preexisting Bubbles Streamer Propagation Electrostatic Model Thermal Mechanism Stability Analysis of the Streamers Electrostatic Pressure Surface Tension Hydrodynamic Pressure Nanosecond and Subnanosecond Discharge in Water Fast Imaging of Nanosecond and Subnanosecond Discharge in Water Ionization of Liquid by E-Impact Chance of Voids Formation Decontamination of Volatile Organic Compounds Introduction Conventional Technologies Mechanism of Plasma Treatment of VOCs Decomposition of Methanol and Ethanol Decomposition of Aromatic Compounds Decomposition of Chlorine-Containing Compounds Decoloration of Dyes in Wastewater Decomposition of Freons (Chlorofluorocarbons) Cleaning of SO2 with Nonthermal Plasma Acidic Water Case (pH < 6.5) Neutral and Basic Water Cases (pH > 6.5) Biological Applications Plasma Water Sterilization Previous Studies of Plasma Water Sterilization New Developments in Plasma Water Sterilization Plasma Species and Factors for Sterilization Comparison of Different Plasma Discharges for Water Sterilization Blood Treatment Using Nonthermal Plasma In Vitro Blood Coagulation Using Nonthermal Atmospheric Pressure Plasma In Vivo Blood Coagulation Using DBD Plasma Mechanisms of Blood Coagulation Using Nonthermal Plasma Cooling Water Treatment Using Plasma Introduction Self-Cleaning Filtration Technology with Spark Discharge Calcium Carbonate Precipitation with Spark Discharge Effect of Plasma on Cooling Water Effect of Spray Circulation on Hardness of Cooling Water Mechanism of Plasma-Induced Calcium Precipitation Economic Analysis of Plasma Water Treatment Application for Mineral Fouling Mitigation in Heat Exchangers Fouling Resistance: Validation Study Visualization of the Calcium Carbonate Particles Cycle of Concentration References Index

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Cena 539,00 PLN
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