Fundamentals of Biomechanics

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Opis: Fundamentals of Biomechanics - Ronald L. Huston, Ronald L Huston

Biomechanics is a fundamental topic of study that employs the principles of mechanics applied to human systems and organs. This textbook provides a comprehensive survey of this increasingly important subject. After a review of terminology, a summary of human anatomy, and a presentation of anthropometric data, the text discusses methods for biomechanical analyses including essential mathematics, mechanics, and modeling techniques. It then covers tissue biomechanics, kinematics and dynamics of human body models, and applications such as lifting, walking, swimming, and accident victim simulation. Each chapter contains reference lists for more in-depth study and problems sets with solutions. "This book provides a thorough and easy-to-understand presentation of the fundamentals required to study the mechanics of human motion. I am happy to see an emphasis on the fundamentals of biodynamic modeling and the development of human body models. This should allow readers to more quickly understand and develop models associated with human motion. Huston is a skilled author with the ability to render difficult topics manageable." -James W. Kamman, Mechanical & Aeronautical Engineering, College of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Western Michigan University "This biomechanics book does indeed lay the ground for learning the fundamentals in biomechanics, which have been lacking for so many years. The books gets away from the statics concepts that are quite abundant and dominant topics in previous published biomechanics books and instead focuses on motion, dynamics and current and practical problems that are relevant to gait analysis, and human joint dynamics. The examples are vivid, intuitive, interesting and are the product of the author's rich and exemplary many years of research and teaching." "Finally a biomechanics book that deals with dynamics of BIOSYSTEMS in depth. The author has 15 chapters, which can be used in away to conform to a number of biomechanics course levels or simply be taught in 2 semesters. The book can be an outstanding tool for those interested in simulation of gait, human joint kinematics, and muscles force identification and modeling in general." -Farid Amirouche, University of Illinois at Chicago "A unified method of approach to the analysis of biodynamic system is clearly addressed. This book can be used for senior undergraduate and beginning graduate students to study biomechanics. It can be also used as a reference for automotive engineers and researchers ... . Derivations of equations and formulae in this book were clear and that should be helpful for readers. The various chapters contain problems for readers studying the subject for first time, and for those seeking additional expertise and/or review. Overall I commend the author for writing the text and I trust that it will be a good addition to the university and engineering libraries." -C. Q. Liu, Chrysler LLC, Troy, MichiganIntroduction Principal Areas of Biomechanics Approach in This Book Problem References Review of Human Anatomy and Some Basic Terminology Gross (Whole-Body) Modeling Position and Direction Terminology Terminology for Common Movements Skeletal Anatomy Major Joints Major Muscle Groups Anthropometric Data Problems References Methods of Analysis I: Review of Vectors, Dyadics, Matrices,and Determinants Vectors Vector Algebra: Addition and Multiplication by Scalars Vector Algebra: Multiplication of Vectors Dyadics Matrices/Arrays Determinants Relationship of 3 x 3 Determinants, Permutation Symbols,and Kronecker Delta Functions Eigenvalues, Eigenvectors, and Principal Directions Maximum and Minimum Eigenvalues and the Associated Eigenvectors Use of MATLAB(R) Elementary MATLAB(R) Operations and Functions Problems References Methods of Analysis II: Forces and Force Systems Forces: Vector Representations Moments of Forces Moments of Forces about Lines Systems of Forces Special Force Systems Principle of Action-Reaction References Methods of Analysis III: Mechanics of Materials Concepts of Stress Concepts of Strain Principal Values of Stress and Strain Two-Dimensional Example: Mohr's Circle Elementary Stress-Strain Relations General Stress-Strain (Constitutive) Relations Equations of Equilibrium and Compatibility Use of Curvilinear Coordinates Review of Elementary Beam Theory Thick Beams Curved Beams Singularity Functions Elementary Illustrative Examples Listing of Selected Beam Displacement and Bending Moment Results Magnitude of Transverse Shear Stress Torsion of Bars Torsion of Members with Noncircular and Thin-Walled Cross Sections Energy Methods Problems References Methods of Analysis IV: Modeling of Biosystems Multibody (Lumped Mass) Systems Lower-Body Arrays Whole-Body, Head/Neck, and Hand Models Gross-Motion Modeling of Flexible Systems Problems References Tissue Biomechanics Hard and Soft Tissue Bones Physical Properties of Bone Bone Development (Wolff's Law) Bone Failure (Fracture and Osteoporosis) Muscle Tissue Cartilage Ligaments/Tendons Scalp, Skull, and Brain Tissue Skin Tissue Problems References Kinematical Preliminaries: Fundamental Equations Points, Particles, and Bodies Particle, Position, and Reference Frames Particle Velocity Particle Acceleration Absolute and Relative Velocity and Acceleration Vector Differentiation, Angular Velocity Two Useful Kinematic Procedures Configuration Graphs Use of Configuration Graphs to Determine Angular Velocity Application with Biosystems Angular Acceleration Transformation Matrix Derivatives Relative Velocity and Acceleration of Two Points Fixed on a Body Singularities Occurring with Angular Velocity Componentsand Orientation Angles Rotation Dyadics Euler Parameters Euler Parameters and Angular Velocity Inverse Relations between Angular Velocity and Euler Parameters Numerical Integration of Governing Dynamical Equations Problems References Kinematic Preliminaries: Inertia Force Considerations Applied Forces and Inertia Forces Mass Center Equivalent Inertia Force Systems Problems Human Body Inertia Properties Second Moment Vectors, Moments, and Products of Inertia Inertia Dyadics Sets of Particles Parallel Axis Theorem Eigenvalues of Inertia: Principal Directions Eigenvalues of Inertia: Symmetrical Bodies Application with Human Body Models Problems References Kinematics of Human Body Models Notation, Degrees of Freedom, and Coordinates Angular Velocities Generalized Coordinates Partial Angular Velocities Transformation Matrices: Recursive Formulation Generalized Speeds Angular Velocities and Generalized Speeds Angular Acceleration Mass Center Positions Mass Center Velocities Mass Center Accelerations Summary: Human Body Model Kinematics Problems References Kinetics of Human Body Models Applied (Active) and Inertia (Passive) Forces Generalized Forces Generalized Applied (Active) Forces on a Human Body Model Forces Exerted across Articulating Joints Contribution of Gravity (Weight) Forces to the GeneralizedActive Forces Generalized Inertia Forces Problems References Dynamics of Human Body Models Kane's Equations Generalized Forces for a Human Body Model Dynamical Equations Formulation for Numerical Solutions Constraint Equations Constraint Forces Constrained System Dynamics Determination of Orthogonal Complement Arrays Problems References Numerical Methods Governing Equations Numerical Development of the Governing Equations Outline of Numerical Procedures Algorithm Accuracy and Efficiency Problems Reference Simulations and Applications Review of Human Modeling for Dynamic Simulation Human Body in Free Space: A "Spacewalk" Simple Weight Lift Walking 15.5 Swimming Crash-Victim Simulation I: Modeling Crash-Victim Simulation II: Vehicle Environment Modeling Crash-Victim Simulation III: Numerical Analysis Burden Bearing: Waiter/Tray Simulations Other Applications Problems References Appendix: Anthropometric Data Tables Glossary Bibliography Index


Szczegóły: Fundamentals of Biomechanics - Ronald L. Huston, Ronald L Huston

Tytuł: Fundamentals of Biomechanics
Autor: Ronald L. Huston, Ronald L Huston
Producent: CRC Press Inc.
ISBN: 9781466510371
Rok produkcji: 2013
Ilość stron: 470
Oprawa: Twarda
Waga: 0.98 kg


Recenzje: Fundamentals of Biomechanics - Ronald L. Huston, Ronald L Huston

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Fundamentals of Biomechanics

,

Biomechanics is a fundamental topic of study that employs the principles of mechanics applied to human systems and organs. This textbook provides a comprehensive survey of this increasingly important subject. After a review of terminology, a summary of human anatomy, and a presentation of anthropometric data, the text discusses methods for biomechanical analyses including essential mathematics, mechanics, and modeling techniques. It then covers tissue biomechanics, kinematics and dynamics of human body models, and applications such as lifting, walking, swimming, and accident victim simulation. Each chapter contains reference lists for more in-depth study and problems sets with solutions. "This book provides a thorough and easy-to-understand presentation of the fundamentals required to study the mechanics of human motion. I am happy to see an emphasis on the fundamentals of biodynamic modeling and the development of human body models. This should allow readers to more quickly understand and develop models associated with human motion. Huston is a skilled author with the ability to render difficult topics manageable." -James W. Kamman, Mechanical & Aeronautical Engineering, College of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Western Michigan University "This biomechanics book does indeed lay the ground for learning the fundamentals in biomechanics, which have been lacking for so many years. The books gets away from the statics concepts that are quite abundant and dominant topics in previous published biomechanics books and instead focuses on motion, dynamics and current and practical problems that are relevant to gait analysis, and human joint dynamics. The examples are vivid, intuitive, interesting and are the product of the author's rich and exemplary many years of research and teaching." "Finally a biomechanics book that deals with dynamics of BIOSYSTEMS in depth. The author has 15 chapters, which can be used in away to conform to a number of biomechanics course levels or simply be taught in 2 semesters. The book can be an outstanding tool for those interested in simulation of gait, human joint kinematics, and muscles force identification and modeling in general." -Farid Amirouche, University of Illinois at Chicago "A unified method of approach to the analysis of biodynamic system is clearly addressed. This book can be used for senior undergraduate and beginning graduate students to study biomechanics. It can be also used as a reference for automotive engineers and researchers ... . Derivations of equations and formulae in this book were clear and that should be helpful for readers. The various chapters contain problems for readers studying the subject for first time, and for those seeking additional expertise and/or review. Overall I commend the author for writing the text and I trust that it will be a good addition to the university and engineering libraries." -C. Q. Liu, Chrysler LLC, Troy, MichiganIntroduction Principal Areas of Biomechanics Approach in This Book Problem References Review of Human Anatomy and Some Basic Terminology Gross (Whole-Body) Modeling Position and Direction Terminology Terminology for Common Movements Skeletal Anatomy Major Joints Major Muscle Groups Anthropometric Data Problems References Methods of Analysis I: Review of Vectors, Dyadics, Matrices,and Determinants Vectors Vector Algebra: Addition and Multiplication by Scalars Vector Algebra: Multiplication of Vectors Dyadics Matrices/Arrays Determinants Relationship of 3 x 3 Determinants, Permutation Symbols,and Kronecker Delta Functions Eigenvalues, Eigenvectors, and Principal Directions Maximum and Minimum Eigenvalues and the Associated Eigenvectors Use of MATLAB(R) Elementary MATLAB(R) Operations and Functions Problems References Methods of Analysis II: Forces and Force Systems Forces: Vector Representations Moments of Forces Moments of Forces about Lines Systems of Forces Special Force Systems Principle of Action-Reaction References Methods of Analysis III: Mechanics of Materials Concepts of Stress Concepts of Strain Principal Values of Stress and Strain Two-Dimensional Example: Mohr's Circle Elementary Stress-Strain Relations General Stress-Strain (Constitutive) Relations Equations of Equilibrium and Compatibility Use of Curvilinear Coordinates Review of Elementary Beam Theory Thick Beams Curved Beams Singularity Functions Elementary Illustrative Examples Listing of Selected Beam Displacement and Bending Moment Results Magnitude of Transverse Shear Stress Torsion of Bars Torsion of Members with Noncircular and Thin-Walled Cross Sections Energy Methods Problems References Methods of Analysis IV: Modeling of Biosystems Multibody (Lumped Mass) Systems Lower-Body Arrays Whole-Body, Head/Neck, and Hand Models Gross-Motion Modeling of Flexible Systems Problems References Tissue Biomechanics Hard and Soft Tissue Bones Physical Properties of Bone Bone Development (Wolff's Law) Bone Failure (Fracture and Osteoporosis) Muscle Tissue Cartilage Ligaments/Tendons Scalp, Skull, and Brain Tissue Skin Tissue Problems References Kinematical Preliminaries: Fundamental Equations Points, Particles, and Bodies Particle, Position, and Reference Frames Particle Velocity Particle Acceleration Absolute and Relative Velocity and Acceleration Vector Differentiation, Angular Velocity Two Useful Kinematic Procedures Configuration Graphs Use of Configuration Graphs to Determine Angular Velocity Application with Biosystems Angular Acceleration Transformation Matrix Derivatives Relative Velocity and Acceleration of Two Points Fixed on a Body Singularities Occurring with Angular Velocity Componentsand Orientation Angles Rotation Dyadics Euler Parameters Euler Parameters and Angular Velocity Inverse Relations between Angular Velocity and Euler Parameters Numerical Integration of Governing Dynamical Equations Problems References Kinematic Preliminaries: Inertia Force Considerations Applied Forces and Inertia Forces Mass Center Equivalent Inertia Force Systems Problems Human Body Inertia Properties Second Moment Vectors, Moments, and Products of Inertia Inertia Dyadics Sets of Particles Parallel Axis Theorem Eigenvalues of Inertia: Principal Directions Eigenvalues of Inertia: Symmetrical Bodies Application with Human Body Models Problems References Kinematics of Human Body Models Notation, Degrees of Freedom, and Coordinates Angular Velocities Generalized Coordinates Partial Angular Velocities Transformation Matrices: Recursive Formulation Generalized Speeds Angular Velocities and Generalized Speeds Angular Acceleration Mass Center Positions Mass Center Velocities Mass Center Accelerations Summary: Human Body Model Kinematics Problems References Kinetics of Human Body Models Applied (Active) and Inertia (Passive) Forces Generalized Forces Generalized Applied (Active) Forces on a Human Body Model Forces Exerted across Articulating Joints Contribution of Gravity (Weight) Forces to the GeneralizedActive Forces Generalized Inertia Forces Problems References Dynamics of Human Body Models Kane's Equations Generalized Forces for a Human Body Model Dynamical Equations Formulation for Numerical Solutions Constraint Equations Constraint Forces Constrained System Dynamics Determination of Orthogonal Complement Arrays Problems References Numerical Methods Governing Equations Numerical Development of the Governing Equations Outline of Numerical Procedures Algorithm Accuracy and Efficiency Problems Reference Simulations and Applications Review of Human Modeling for Dynamic Simulation Human Body in Free Space: A "Spacewalk" Simple Weight Lift Walking 15.5 Swimming Crash-Victim Simulation I: Modeling Crash-Victim Simulation II: Vehicle Environment Modeling Crash-Victim Simulation III: Numerical Analysis Burden Bearing: Waiter/Tray Simulations Other Applications Problems References Appendix: Anthropometric Data Tables Glossary Bibliography Index

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Cena 336,00 PLN
Nasza cena 314,16 PLN
Oszczędzasz 6%
Wysyłka: Niedostępna
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Szczegóły: Fundamentals of Biomechanics - Ronald L. Huston, Ronald L Huston

Tytuł: Fundamentals of Biomechanics
Autor: Ronald L. Huston, Ronald L Huston
Producent: CRC Press Inc.
ISBN: 9781466510371
Rok produkcji: 2013
Ilość stron: 470
Oprawa: Twarda
Waga: 0.98 kg


Recenzje: Fundamentals of Biomechanics - Ronald L. Huston, Ronald L Huston

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