Introduction to Fluorescence
Introduction to Fluorescence
Opis: Introduction to Fluorescence - David M. Jameson
The phenomenon known as fluorescence is now widely used in the chemical and life sciences largely due to the development of highly sophisticated fluorescent probe chemistries and the commercial availability of these probes as well as the development of novel microscopy approaches. Introduction to Fluorescence helps readers acquire a sound understanding of basic fluorescence theory and practice. It describes general principles in a straightforward way and uses examples from a variety of disciplines to demonstrate them. In color throughout, the book takes readers through the history of important discoveries to the most current advances. It introduces the fundamentals of the fluorescence phenomenon and gives detailed examples of fluorescence applications in the molecular life sciences, including biochemistry, biophysics, clinical chemistry and diagnostics, pharmaceutical science, and cell and molecular biology. The author presents the basic theories underlying the applications and offers in-depth information on practical aspects. Along with a list of references in each chapter, the text incorporates more than 250 figures that clearly illustrate the concepts and gives the chemical structures of the most widely used fluorescent molecules. In addition, the appendix provides a "Rogue's Gallery" of the most common errors and pitfalls to avoid. "An essential contribution to educating scientists in the principles of fluorescence. It will also be an important addition to the libraries of practitioners applying the principles of molecular fluorescence." -Ken Jacobson, Kenan Distinguished Professor of Cell Biology and Physiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill "An exquisite compendium of fluorescence and its applications in biochemistry enriched by a very exciting historical perspective. This book will become a standard text for graduate students and other scientists." -Drs. Zygmunt (Karol) Gryczynski and Ignacy Gryczynski, University of North Texas Health Science Center "... truly a masterwork, combining clarity, precision, and good humor. The reader, novice or expert, will be pleased with the text and will not stop reading. It is a formidable account of the fluorescence field, which has impacted the life sciences so considerably in the last 60 years." -Jerson L. Silva, M.D., Ph.D., Professor and Director, National Institute of Science and Technology for Structural Biology and Bioimaging, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro "Dr. Jameson's book fills a gap in the literature available for the student approaching the applications of fluorescence techniques as well as for the researcher practicing them daily in the laboratory setting. The subject is presented by the author in a clear didactic manner; the anecdotes and historical references make the book truly a delight to read." -Dr. Beniamino Barbieri, President, ISS Inc. "An excellent textbook! This comprehensive overview written at an introductory level covers fundamental aspects, principles of instrumentation, and practical applications of biological fluorescence, while providing many valuable tips. In essence, this book reflects the excellent didactic skills and vast experience of the author in research and teaching fluorescence. Highly recommendable for undergraduate teaching. Also excellent material for active researchers who are learning to apply fluorescence methods." -Prof. Luis Bagatolli, Center for Biomembrane Physics, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Southern Denmark "I am very impressed by the author's lucid treatment. This book is a 'must read' for students and researchers." -Prof. Amitabha Chattopadhyay, Ph.D., FRSC, J.C. Bose Fellow, Outstanding Scientist, Centre for Cellular & Molecular Biology, HyderabadIntroduction What Is Fluorescence and How Is It Used? A Nano-History of Fluorescence General Concepts And the Rest Absorption of Light Electromagnetic Radiation: Characterization Photons Relevant Wavelength Range Absorption of Light by Molecules Effect of Conjugation on Absorption Effects of Molecular Environment on Absorption Practical Considerations Instrumentation Light Sources Optical Filters Monochromators Polarizers Detectors Miscellaneous Topics Emission and Excitation Spectra Emission Spectra Excitation Spectra Delayed Fluorescence Advanced Scanning Methods Polarization and Anisotropy Basic Principles Some Applications of Polarization/Anisotropy Depolarization via FRET Time-Resolved Fluorescence Excited State Lifetimes Instrumentation Details Weber's Algorithm Time Domain versus Frequency Domain Magic Angles Anisotropy Decay/Dynamic Polarization Dynamic Polarization Phasors Quantum Yields and Quenching Determination of QYs Kasha-Vavilov Rule Quenching Quenching and Membrane Systems Forster Resonance Energy Transfer Background Basic Principles How Do We Determine the Efficiency of Energy Transfer (E)? The Orientation Factor How Do We Determine kappa2? Homo-Transfer of Electronic Excitation Energy Examples of FRET Applications Advanced Treatments Brief Overview of Fluorescence Microscopy Introduction of Fluorophores into Living Cells Fluorescence Microscopy Approaches Specialized Techniques Fluorophores Where Do Fluorophores Come From? How Does One Choose a Fluorophore? Intrinsic Probes Extrinsic Probes Photostability Labeling Proteins In Vitro Membrane Probes Nucleic Acid Probes and Nucleotide/Nucleoside Analogs Biosensors Ion Probes pH Probes Molecular Beacons Voltage-Sensitive Dyes Miscellaneous Probes Fluorescent Proteins Intrinsic Protein Fluorescence Spectra Polarization Lifetime Electronic Energy Transfer in Proteins Use of Site-Directed Mutagenesis Tryptophan Analogs Applications Protein Unfolding/Refolding Protein-Protein and Protein-DNA Interactions Tyrosine Studies Phasors and Protein Fluorescence Appendix: Rogue's Gallery of Fluorescence Artifacts and Errors Index Additional Reading appears at the end of each chapter.