Surface Tension and Related Thermodynamic Quantities of Aqueous Electrolyte Solutions
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Opis: Surface Tension and Related Thermodynamic Quantities of Aqueous Electrolyte Solutions - Norihiro Matubayasi

Surface tension provides a thermodynamic avenue for analyzing systems in equilibrium and formulating phenomenological explanations for the behavior of constituent molecules in the surface region. While there are extensive experimental observations and established ideas regarding desorption of ions from the surfaces of aqueous salt solutions, a more successful discussion of the theory has recently emerged, which allows the quantitative calculation of the distribution of ions in the surface region. Surface Tension and Related Thermodynamic Quantities of Aqueous Electrolyte Solutions provides a detailed and systematic analysis of the properties of ions at the air/water interface. Unifying older and newer theories and measurements, this book emphasizes the contributions of simple ions to surface tension behavior, and the practical consequences. It begins with a general discussion on Gibbs surface thermodynamics, offering a guide to his theoretical insight and formulation of the boundary between fluids. The text then discusses the thermodynamic formulae that are useful for practical experimental work in the analysis of fluid/fluid interfaces. Chapters cover surface tension of pure water at air/water and air/oil interfaces, surface tension of solutions and the thermodynamic quantities associated with the adsorption and desorption of solutes, and surface tension of simple salt solutions. They also address adsorption of ions at the air/water interface, surface tension of solutions and the effect of temperature, adsorption from mixed electrolyte solutions, and thermodynamic properties of zwitterionic amino acids in the surface region. Focusing on the thermodynamic properties of ions at air/fluid interfaces, this book gives scientists a quantitative, rigorous, and objectively experimental methodology they can employ in their research.Introduction to Thermodynamic Consideration of Fluid/Fluid Interface Phase and Phase Boundaries Surface of Discontinuity and Surface Region Phenomena Resulting from Surface Tension Mechanical and Thermodynamic Definition of Surface Tension Gibbs' Thermodynamic Treatment of Surface Gibbs' Surface Model Guggenheim's Surface Phase Model Hansen's Convention Gibbs' and Hansen's Choice of Independent Variables References Basic Thermodynamic Relations for the Analysis of Fluid/Fluid Interface Phase Rule Fundamental Equation One-Component, Two-Phase System Potential Quasithermodynamic Relations Surface Tension of Two-Component, Two-Phase System Surface Tension of Three-Component, Two-Phase System Surface Tension as a Function of Temperature, Pressure, and Concentration Quasithermodynamic Relations for Adsorption Surface Tension of Binary Mixtures in Equilibrium with a Water Phase Surface Tension of Mixed Solute System Concentration Variables and Chemical Potentials of Electrolyte Solutions Surface Tension of Electrolyte Solutions Total Number of Moles of Ions as a Concentration Variable References Surface Tension of Pure Water at Air/Water and Oil/Water Interfaces Surface Tension of Argon, Xenon, and Nitrogen Surface Tension of Vapor/Water Interface Surface Tension of Air/Water Interface Interfacial Tension of Water in Equilibrium with Oil Thermodynamic Quantities of Surface Formation of Pure Water References Surface Tension of Air/Water Interface Capillary Rise Method Wilhelmy Plate Method Drop Volume Method Surface Tension of Solutions Adsorption from Binary Liquid Mixtures Adsorption from Solutions Surface Activity Entropy Change Associated with the Adsorption Energy, Heat Content, and Work Content Associated with the Adsorption References Surface Tension of Simple Salt Solutions Aqueous Solutions of 1:1 Electrolytes Electrolytes Aqueous Solutions of 2:1 Electrolytes Aqueous Solutions of 1:2 Electrolytes Aqueous Solutions of 2:2 Electrolytes Hydration Enthalpies, dgamma/dm Values, and Valence Type dgamma/dm Values of Oil/Water Interface Comparison of dgamma/dm Values Shown in the Literatures References Adsorption of Ions at Air/Water Interface Surface Excess Density of Ions ?H/m of Electrolytes ?H k / mk of Ions Reference Surface Tension of Solutions and Temperature dgamma/dm Values and Temperature dgamma/dm and ?s of Electrolyte Solutions Helmholtz Free Energy, Enthalpy, and Energy of the Adsorption of Electrolytes References Adsorption from Mixed Electrolyte Solutions Surface Tension of Binary Mixtures as a Function of m1 and m2 Surface Tension of Binary Mixtures as a Function of Concentration and Composition Mixtures of Electrolytes with Common Cation Mixtures of Electrolytes with a Common Anion Solutions with Impurity References Aqueous Solutions of Zwitterionic Amino Acids Aqueous Solutions of Glycine Surface Tension of Hydrochloric Acid-Glycine and Glycine-Sodium Hydroxide Systems at 25 C Adsorbed Film of Leucine and Structural Isomers Zwitterionic Leucine (L+-) and Sodium Leucinate Mixtures Mixed Adsorbed Film of Leucine and Sodium Chloride References


Szczegóły: Surface Tension and Related Thermodynamic Quantities of Aqueous Electrolyte Solutions - Norihiro Matubayasi

Tytuł: Surface Tension and Related Thermodynamic Quantities of Aqueous Electrolyte Solutions
Autor: Norihiro Matubayasi
Producent: CRC Press Inc.
ISBN: 9781439880876
Rok produkcji: 2013
Ilość stron: 223
Oprawa: Twarda
Waga: 0.53 kg


Recenzje: Surface Tension and Related Thermodynamic Quantities of Aqueous Electrolyte Solutions - Norihiro Matubayasi
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Surface Tension and Related Thermodynamic Quantities of Aqueous Electrolyte Solutions

Surface tension provides a thermodynamic avenue for analyzing systems in equilibrium and formulating phenomenological explanations for the behavior of constituent molecules in the surface region. While there are extensive experimental observations and established ideas regarding desorption of ions from the surfaces of aqueous salt solutions, a more successful discussion of the theory has recently emerged, which allows the quantitative calculation of the distribution of ions in the surface region. Surface Tension and Related Thermodynamic Quantities of Aqueous Electrolyte Solutions provides a detailed and systematic analysis of the properties of ions at the air/water interface. Unifying older and newer theories and measurements, this book emphasizes the contributions of simple ions to surface tension behavior, and the practical consequences. It begins with a general discussion on Gibbs surface thermodynamics, offering a guide to his theoretical insight and formulation of the boundary between fluids. The text then discusses the thermodynamic formulae that are useful for practical experimental work in the analysis of fluid/fluid interfaces. Chapters cover surface tension of pure water at air/water and air/oil interfaces, surface tension of solutions and the thermodynamic quantities associated with the adsorption and desorption of solutes, and surface tension of simple salt solutions. They also address adsorption of ions at the air/water interface, surface tension of solutions and the effect of temperature, adsorption from mixed electrolyte solutions, and thermodynamic properties of zwitterionic amino acids in the surface region. Focusing on the thermodynamic properties of ions at air/fluid interfaces, this book gives scientists a quantitative, rigorous, and objectively experimental methodology they can employ in their research.Introduction to Thermodynamic Consideration of Fluid/Fluid Interface Phase and Phase Boundaries Surface of Discontinuity and Surface Region Phenomena Resulting from Surface Tension Mechanical and Thermodynamic Definition of Surface Tension Gibbs' Thermodynamic Treatment of Surface Gibbs' Surface Model Guggenheim's Surface Phase Model Hansen's Convention Gibbs' and Hansen's Choice of Independent Variables References Basic Thermodynamic Relations for the Analysis of Fluid/Fluid Interface Phase Rule Fundamental Equation One-Component, Two-Phase System Potential Quasithermodynamic Relations Surface Tension of Two-Component, Two-Phase System Surface Tension of Three-Component, Two-Phase System Surface Tension as a Function of Temperature, Pressure, and Concentration Quasithermodynamic Relations for Adsorption Surface Tension of Binary Mixtures in Equilibrium with a Water Phase Surface Tension of Mixed Solute System Concentration Variables and Chemical Potentials of Electrolyte Solutions Surface Tension of Electrolyte Solutions Total Number of Moles of Ions as a Concentration Variable References Surface Tension of Pure Water at Air/Water and Oil/Water Interfaces Surface Tension of Argon, Xenon, and Nitrogen Surface Tension of Vapor/Water Interface Surface Tension of Air/Water Interface Interfacial Tension of Water in Equilibrium with Oil Thermodynamic Quantities of Surface Formation of Pure Water References Surface Tension of Air/Water Interface Capillary Rise Method Wilhelmy Plate Method Drop Volume Method Surface Tension of Solutions Adsorption from Binary Liquid Mixtures Adsorption from Solutions Surface Activity Entropy Change Associated with the Adsorption Energy, Heat Content, and Work Content Associated with the Adsorption References Surface Tension of Simple Salt Solutions Aqueous Solutions of 1:1 Electrolytes Electrolytes Aqueous Solutions of 2:1 Electrolytes Aqueous Solutions of 1:2 Electrolytes Aqueous Solutions of 2:2 Electrolytes Hydration Enthalpies, dgamma/dm Values, and Valence Type dgamma/dm Values of Oil/Water Interface Comparison of dgamma/dm Values Shown in the Literatures References Adsorption of Ions at Air/Water Interface Surface Excess Density of Ions ?H/m of Electrolytes ?H k / mk of Ions Reference Surface Tension of Solutions and Temperature dgamma/dm Values and Temperature dgamma/dm and ?s of Electrolyte Solutions Helmholtz Free Energy, Enthalpy, and Energy of the Adsorption of Electrolytes References Adsorption from Mixed Electrolyte Solutions Surface Tension of Binary Mixtures as a Function of m1 and m2 Surface Tension of Binary Mixtures as a Function of Concentration and Composition Mixtures of Electrolytes with Common Cation Mixtures of Electrolytes with a Common Anion Solutions with Impurity References Aqueous Solutions of Zwitterionic Amino Acids Aqueous Solutions of Glycine Surface Tension of Hydrochloric Acid-Glycine and Glycine-Sodium Hydroxide Systems at 25 C Adsorbed Film of Leucine and Structural Isomers Zwitterionic Leucine (L+-) and Sodium Leucinate Mixtures Mixed Adsorbed Film of Leucine and Sodium Chloride References

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Cena 474,00 PLN
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Szczegóły: Surface Tension and Related Thermodynamic Quantities of Aqueous Electrolyte Solutions - Norihiro Matubayasi

Tytuł: Surface Tension and Related Thermodynamic Quantities of Aqueous Electrolyte Solutions
Autor: Norihiro Matubayasi
Producent: CRC Press Inc.
ISBN: 9781439880876
Rok produkcji: 2013
Ilość stron: 223
Oprawa: Twarda
Waga: 0.53 kg


Recenzje: Surface Tension and Related Thermodynamic Quantities of Aqueous Electrolyte Solutions - Norihiro Matubayasi

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