Reinventing Discovery
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Opis: Reinventing Discovery - Michael Nielsen

In Reinventing Discovery, Michael Nielsen argues that we are living at the dawn of the most dramatic change in science in more than 300 years. This change is being driven by powerful new cognitive tools, enabled by the internet, which are greatly accelerating scientific discovery. There are many books about how the internet is changing business or the workplace or government. But this is the first book about something much more fundamental: how the internet is transforming the nature of our collective intelligence and how we understand the world. Reinventing Discovery tells the exciting story of an unprecedented new era of networked science. We learn, for example, how mathematicians in the Polymath Project are spontaneously coming together to collaborate online, tackling and rapidly demolishing previously unsolved problems. We learn how 250,000 amateur astronomers are working together in a project called Galaxy Zoo to understand the large-scale structure of the Universe, and how they are making astonishing discoveries, including an entirely new kind of galaxy. These efforts are just a small part of the larger story told in this book - the story of how scientists are using the internet to dramatically expand our problem-solving ability and increase our combined brainpower. This is a book for anyone who wants to understand how the online world is revolutionizing scientific discovery today - and why the revolution is just beginning. One of Financial Times (FT.com) non-fiction favourites in the Science category for 2011 A The Boston Globe (Anthony Doerr) Best Book in science for 2011 "[A] thought-provoking call to arms... Reinventing Discovery will frame serious discussion and inspire wild, disruptive ideas for the next decade."--Chris Lintott, Nature "[Nielsen's] easy-to-read and enthusiastic narrative integrates a set of ideas that could, indeed, revolutionize knowledge creation. Nielsen offers a set of fascinating examples to illustrate how rapidly emerging methods for innovation produce important discoveries. He goes further to suggest that these will change our concepts of how science gets done and what it means to be a scientist. However, there are substantial systemic and cultural barriers to fully realizing these new forms of cognition and collaboration... With Reinventing Discovery, Nielsen provides an important foundation for moving forward."--Stephen M. Fiore, Science "The lone white-coated scientist working late, eye pressed to the eyepiece? That trope is no more. Nowadays impressive science (in mathematics, genetics, astronomy) is being accomplished by crowds using the tools of the Internet. Nielsen believes that mass collaboration is the future of science, and his book may be the most interesting piece of nonfiction I read this year."--Anthony Doerr, Boston Globe "In Reinventing Discovery [Nielsen] has provided the most compelling manifesto yet for the transformative power of networked science."--James Wilsdon, Financial Times "In writing this book, Nielsen has created perhaps the most compelling and comprehensive case so far for a new approach to science in the Internet age ... eloquent, thought-provoking and inspiring to read."--Timo Hannay, Nature Physics "Presenting complex ideas clearly, Nielson explores in his first book how online collaborative tools, networked science, and open data policies are revolutionizing the process of discovery. He presents a clear vision of science's future and challenges us to bring it to fruition... Both captivating and enlightening, this book is recommended for general readers or specialists interested in how online collaboration tools, open data policies, and networked science might benefit the future of science and humanity."--Jonathan Bodnar, Library Journal "Reinventing Discovery is a survey, an analysis, a how-to, and a harbinger of greater things to come. Kudos to the author for picking a timely and relevant subject perhaps just on the edge of social consciousness and making a great story out of it."--Robert Schaefer, New York Journal of Books "I highly recommend this book. It's engagingly and persuasively written, while still being measured in its approach to the subject. If you have any interest in the way science is done in the modern age, and how it will be done in the future, you should pick up a copy."--Chad Orzel, Uncertain Principles blog "A must read... Nielsen's book serves as a great starting point for any reader interested in scientific discoveries. And even for those who have thought about such issues already, the book will stimulate further thinking."--Joerg Heber, All That Matters blog "Michael Nielsen makes the case for the wisdom of very smart crowds in an optimistic argument for the way a wired world can change the way science works. In all sorts of examples, from a Garry Kasparov v the world chess game, to mathematicians and astronomers combining to solve problems he shows how the internet can increase the size and speed of scientific collaboration."--Stephen Matchett, The Australian "Nielsen asks scientists to reinvent what they do, for the good of science and the good of society. His call to arms is timely and important."--Jack Stilgoe, The Guardian "A powerful plea for scientists to work together in new ways, using the full power of the internet and information technology. Nielsen attacks the possessive attitude to data that still pervades some fields of research and shows how much scientists can gain through more open, collaborative working--which may involve members of the public as well as those inside the academic tent."--Clive Cookson, Financial Times, Best of 2011 "Excellent... Nielsen's ideas are built on a careful analysis of the past--from the anagrams of Galileo and Newton, to Henry Oldenburg and the invention of the scientific journal, to the invention of peer-review in mid-20th century, to the developments of the past couple of decades since the invention of the World Wide Web. It takes into account people and how they, being human, resist or accept new ways of doing old stuff. It points out the obstacles, and errors one can make in pushing for a more open and more collaborative research. But it also provides a blueprint for how to do it right. And this last thing is why YOU should buy this book and read it carefully--it gives you a cool-headed, calm, thoughtful analysis of the things that work. Use them."--Bora Zivkovic, Blog Around the Clock "Reinventing Discovery will fire up scholars and scientists to make better use of the internet and join the open science movement... His real contribution, however, is his informed discussion of the social pressures slowing this process of reinvention... Nielsen offers keen insights into how legal, business and academic culture clashes with the pursuit of open science. Our pre-internet thinking is chasing short-term and narrow competitive benefits at the expense of the wider world."--Harold Thimbleby, Times Higher Education "Nielsen has been advocating 'Open Science': the idea that science would progress faster and more efficiently if we took advantage of the internet and social communication to create collaborative projects that would have previously been impossible. In this book he lays out the case, peering into the future to unveil a dramatic new mode of learning about the universe."--Sean Carroll, Cosmic Variance blog, Discover Magazine "Reinventing Discovery is an essential read for anyone wanting to take advantage of knowledge and networking available online."--Georgia Leaker, Cosmos magazine "Nielsen's book is a thorough primer on what he calls 'networked science.'... We are in the midst of a revolution, Nielsen argues, in which networked science can solve problems at the limit of human understanding--and may even change the world. That claim may sound over the top, but Nielsen makes a compelling case in this self-described manifesto. With friendly, engaging writing, he describes specific approaches and characteristChapter 1:Reinventing Discovery 1 PART 1: AMPLIFYING COLLECTIVE INTELLIGENCE 13 Chapter 2: Online Tools Make Us Smarter 15 Chapter 3: Restructuring Expert Attention 22 Chapter 4: Patterns of Online Collaboration 44 Chapter 5: The Limits and the Potential of Collective Intelligence 69 PART 2: NETWORKED SCIENCE 89 Chapter 6: All the World's Knowledge 91 Chapter 7: Democratizing Science 129 Chapter 8: The Challenge of Doing Science in the Open 172 Chapter 9: The Open Science Imperative 187 Appendix: The Problem Solved by the Polymath Project 209 Acknowledgments 215 Selected Sources and Suggestions for Further Reading 217 Notes 221 References 239 Index 255


Szczegóły: Reinventing Discovery - Michael Nielsen

Tytuł: Reinventing Discovery
Autor: Michael Nielsen
Producent: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691160191
Rok produkcji: 2013
Ilość stron: 272
Oprawa: Miękka
Waga: 0.4 kg


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Reinventing Discovery

In Reinventing Discovery, Michael Nielsen argues that we are living at the dawn of the most dramatic change in science in more than 300 years. This change is being driven by powerful new cognitive tools, enabled by the internet, which are greatly accelerating scientific discovery. There are many books about how the internet is changing business or the workplace or government. But this is the first book about something much more fundamental: how the internet is transforming the nature of our collective intelligence and how we understand the world. Reinventing Discovery tells the exciting story of an unprecedented new era of networked science. We learn, for example, how mathematicians in the Polymath Project are spontaneously coming together to collaborate online, tackling and rapidly demolishing previously unsolved problems. We learn how 250,000 amateur astronomers are working together in a project called Galaxy Zoo to understand the large-scale structure of the Universe, and how they are making astonishing discoveries, including an entirely new kind of galaxy. These efforts are just a small part of the larger story told in this book - the story of how scientists are using the internet to dramatically expand our problem-solving ability and increase our combined brainpower. This is a book for anyone who wants to understand how the online world is revolutionizing scientific discovery today - and why the revolution is just beginning. One of Financial Times (FT.com) non-fiction favourites in the Science category for 2011 A The Boston Globe (Anthony Doerr) Best Book in science for 2011 "[A] thought-provoking call to arms... Reinventing Discovery will frame serious discussion and inspire wild, disruptive ideas for the next decade."--Chris Lintott, Nature "[Nielsen's] easy-to-read and enthusiastic narrative integrates a set of ideas that could, indeed, revolutionize knowledge creation. Nielsen offers a set of fascinating examples to illustrate how rapidly emerging methods for innovation produce important discoveries. He goes further to suggest that these will change our concepts of how science gets done and what it means to be a scientist. However, there are substantial systemic and cultural barriers to fully realizing these new forms of cognition and collaboration... With Reinventing Discovery, Nielsen provides an important foundation for moving forward."--Stephen M. Fiore, Science "The lone white-coated scientist working late, eye pressed to the eyepiece? That trope is no more. Nowadays impressive science (in mathematics, genetics, astronomy) is being accomplished by crowds using the tools of the Internet. Nielsen believes that mass collaboration is the future of science, and his book may be the most interesting piece of nonfiction I read this year."--Anthony Doerr, Boston Globe "In Reinventing Discovery [Nielsen] has provided the most compelling manifesto yet for the transformative power of networked science."--James Wilsdon, Financial Times "In writing this book, Nielsen has created perhaps the most compelling and comprehensive case so far for a new approach to science in the Internet age ... eloquent, thought-provoking and inspiring to read."--Timo Hannay, Nature Physics "Presenting complex ideas clearly, Nielson explores in his first book how online collaborative tools, networked science, and open data policies are revolutionizing the process of discovery. He presents a clear vision of science's future and challenges us to bring it to fruition... Both captivating and enlightening, this book is recommended for general readers or specialists interested in how online collaboration tools, open data policies, and networked science might benefit the future of science and humanity."--Jonathan Bodnar, Library Journal "Reinventing Discovery is a survey, an analysis, a how-to, and a harbinger of greater things to come. Kudos to the author for picking a timely and relevant subject perhaps just on the edge of social consciousness and making a great story out of it."--Robert Schaefer, New York Journal of Books "I highly recommend this book. It's engagingly and persuasively written, while still being measured in its approach to the subject. If you have any interest in the way science is done in the modern age, and how it will be done in the future, you should pick up a copy."--Chad Orzel, Uncertain Principles blog "A must read... Nielsen's book serves as a great starting point for any reader interested in scientific discoveries. And even for those who have thought about such issues already, the book will stimulate further thinking."--Joerg Heber, All That Matters blog "Michael Nielsen makes the case for the wisdom of very smart crowds in an optimistic argument for the way a wired world can change the way science works. In all sorts of examples, from a Garry Kasparov v the world chess game, to mathematicians and astronomers combining to solve problems he shows how the internet can increase the size and speed of scientific collaboration."--Stephen Matchett, The Australian "Nielsen asks scientists to reinvent what they do, for the good of science and the good of society. His call to arms is timely and important."--Jack Stilgoe, The Guardian "A powerful plea for scientists to work together in new ways, using the full power of the internet and information technology. Nielsen attacks the possessive attitude to data that still pervades some fields of research and shows how much scientists can gain through more open, collaborative working--which may involve members of the public as well as those inside the academic tent."--Clive Cookson, Financial Times, Best of 2011 "Excellent... Nielsen's ideas are built on a careful analysis of the past--from the anagrams of Galileo and Newton, to Henry Oldenburg and the invention of the scientific journal, to the invention of peer-review in mid-20th century, to the developments of the past couple of decades since the invention of the World Wide Web. It takes into account people and how they, being human, resist or accept new ways of doing old stuff. It points out the obstacles, and errors one can make in pushing for a more open and more collaborative research. But it also provides a blueprint for how to do it right. And this last thing is why YOU should buy this book and read it carefully--it gives you a cool-headed, calm, thoughtful analysis of the things that work. Use them."--Bora Zivkovic, Blog Around the Clock "Reinventing Discovery will fire up scholars and scientists to make better use of the internet and join the open science movement... His real contribution, however, is his informed discussion of the social pressures slowing this process of reinvention... Nielsen offers keen insights into how legal, business and academic culture clashes with the pursuit of open science. Our pre-internet thinking is chasing short-term and narrow competitive benefits at the expense of the wider world."--Harold Thimbleby, Times Higher Education "Nielsen has been advocating 'Open Science': the idea that science would progress faster and more efficiently if we took advantage of the internet and social communication to create collaborative projects that would have previously been impossible. In this book he lays out the case, peering into the future to unveil a dramatic new mode of learning about the universe."--Sean Carroll, Cosmic Variance blog, Discover Magazine "Reinventing Discovery is an essential read for anyone wanting to take advantage of knowledge and networking available online."--Georgia Leaker, Cosmos magazine "Nielsen's book is a thorough primer on what he calls 'networked science.'... We are in the midst of a revolution, Nielsen argues, in which networked science can solve problems at the limit of human understanding--and may even change the world. That claim may sound over the top, but Nielsen makes a compelling case in this self-described manifesto. With friendly, engaging writing, he describes specific approaches and characteristChapter 1:Reinventing Discovery 1 PART 1: AMPLIFYING COLLECTIVE INTELLIGENCE 13 Chapter 2: Online Tools Make Us Smarter 15 Chapter 3: Restructuring Expert Attention 22 Chapter 4: Patterns of Online Collaboration 44 Chapter 5: The Limits and the Potential of Collective Intelligence 69 PART 2: NETWORKED SCIENCE 89 Chapter 6: All the World's Knowledge 91 Chapter 7: Democratizing Science 129 Chapter 8: The Challenge of Doing Science in the Open 172 Chapter 9: The Open Science Imperative 187 Appendix: The Problem Solved by the Polymath Project 209 Acknowledgments 215 Selected Sources and Suggestions for Further Reading 217 Notes 221 References 239 Index 255

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