Power Electronics for Renewable Energy Systems, Transportation and Industrial Applications

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Opis: Power Electronics for Renewable Energy Systems, Transportation and Industrial Applications - Kamal Al-Haddad, Mariusz Malinowski, Haitham Abu-Rub

This title compiles current research into the analysis and design of power electronic converters for industrial applications and renewable energy systems, presenting modern and future applications of power electronics systems in the field of electrical vehicles. With emphasis on the importance and long-term viability of Power Electronics for Renewable Energy this book brings together the state of the art knowledge and cutting-edge techniques in various stages of research. The topics included are not currently available for practicing professionals and aim to enable the reader to directly apply the knowledge gained to their designs. The book addresses the practical issues of current and future electric and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), and focuses primarily on power electronics and motor drives based solutions for electric vehicle (EV) technologies. Propulsion system requirements and motor sizing for EVs is discussed, along with practical system sizing examples. Key EV battery technologies are explained as well as corresponding battery management issues. PHEV power system architectures and advanced power electronics intensive charging infrastructures for EVs and PHEVs are detailed. EV/PHEV interface with renewable energy is described, with practical examples. This book explores new topics for further research needed world-wide, and defines existing challenges, concerns, and selected problems that comply with international trends, standards, and programs for electric power conversion, distribution, and sustainable energy development. It will lead to the advancement of the current state-of-the art applications of power electronics for renewable energy, transportation, and industrial applications and will help add experience in the various industries and academia about the energy conversion technology and distributed energy sources. It combines state of the art global expertise to present the latest research on power electronics and its application in transportation, renewable energy and different industrial applications. It offers an overview of existing technology and future trends, with discussion and analysis of different types of converters and control techniques (power converters, high performance power devices, power system, high performance control system and novel applications). Systematic explanation to provide researchers with enough background and understanding to go deeper in the topics covered in the book.Foreword xix Preface xxi Acknowledgements xxv List of Contributors xxvii 1 Energy, Global Warming and Impact of Power Electronics in the Present Century 1 1.1 Introduction 1 1.2 Energy 2 1.3 Environmental Pollution: Global Warming Problem 3 1.4 Impact of Power Electronics on Energy Systems 8 1.5 Smart Grid 20 1.6 Electric/Hybrid Electric Vehicles 21 1.7 Conclusion and Future Prognosis 23 References 25 2 Challenges of the Current Energy Scenario: The Power Electronics Contribution 27 2.1 Introduction 27 2.2 Energy Transmission and Distribution Systems 28 2.3 Renewable Energy Systems 34 2.4 Transportation Systems 41 2.5 Energy Storage Systems 42 2.6 Conclusions 47 References 47 3 An Overview on Distributed Generation and Smart Grid Concepts and Technologies 50 3.1 Introduction 50 3.2 Requirements of Distributed Generation Systems and Smart Grids 51 3.3 Photovoltaic Generators 52 3.4 Wind and Mini-hydro Generators 55 3.5 Energy Storage Systems 56 3.6 Electric Vehicles 57 3.7 Microgrids 57 3.8 Smart Grid Issues 59 3.9 Active Management of Distribution Networks 60 3.10 Communication Systems in Smart Grids 61 3.11 Advanced Metering Infrastructure and Real-Time Pricing 62 3.12 Standards for Smart Grids 63 References 65 4 Recent Advances in Power Semiconductor Technology 69 4.1 Introduction 69 4.2 Silicon Power Transistors 70 4.3 Overview of SiC Transistor Designs 75 4.4 Gate and Base Drivers for SiC Devices 80 4.5 Parallel Connection of Transistors 89 4.6 Overview of Applications 97 4.7 Gallium Nitride Transistors 100 4.8 Summary 102 References 102 5 AC-Link Universal Power Converters: A New Class of Power Converters for Renewable Energy and Transportation 107 5.1 Introduction 107 5.2 Hard Switching ac-Link Universal Power Converter 108 5.3 Soft Switching ac-Link Universal Power Converter 112 5.4 Principle of Operation of the Soft Switching ac-Link Universal Power Converter 113 5.5 Design Procedure 122 5.6 Analysis 123 5.7 Applications 126 5.8 Summary 133 Acknowledgment 133 References 133 6 High Power Electronics: Key Technology forWind Turbines 136 6.1 Introduction 136 6.2 Development of Wind Power Generation 137 6.3 Wind Power Conversion 138 6.4 Power Converters for Wind Turbines 143 6.5 Power Semiconductors for Wind Power Converter 149 6.6 Controls and Grid Requirements for Modern Wind Turbines 150 6.7 Emerging Reliability Issues for Wind Power System 155 6.8 Conclusion 156 References 156 7 Photovoltaic Energy Conversion Systems 160 7.1 Introduction 160 7.2 Power Curves and Maximum Power Point of PV Systems 162 7.3 Grid-Connected PV System Configurations 165 7.4 Control of Grid-Connected PV Systems 181 7.5 Recent Developments in Multilevel Inverter-Based PV Systems 192 7.6 Summary 195 References 195 8 Controllability Analysis of Renewable Energy Systems 199 8.1 Introduction 199 8.2 Zero Dynamics of the Nonlinear System 201 8.3 Controllability of Wind Turbine Connected through L Filter to the Grid 202 8.4 Controllability of Wind Turbine Connected through LCL Filter to the Grid 208 8.5 Controllability and Stability Analysis of PV System Connected to Current Source Inverter 219 8.6 Conclusions 228 References 229 9 Universal Operation of Small/Medium-Sized Renewable Energy Systems 231 9.1 Distributed Power Generation Systems 231 9.2 Control of Power Converters for Grid-Interactive Distributed Power Generation Systems 243 9.3 Ancillary Feature 259 9.4 Summary 267 References 268 10 Properties and Control of a Doubly Fed Induction Machine 270 10.1 Introduction. Basic principles of DFIM 270 10.2 Vector Control of DFIM Using an AC/DC/AC Converter 280 10.3 DFIM-Based Wind Energy Conversion Systems 305 References 317 11 AC--DC--AC Converters for Distributed Power Generation Systems 319 11.1 Introduction 319 11.2 Pulse-Width Modulation for AC--DC--AC Topologies 328 11.3 DC-Link Capacitors Voltage Balancing in Diode-Clamped Converter 334 11.4 Control Algorithms for AC--DC--AC Converters 345 11.5 AC--DC--AC Converter with Active Power FeedForward 356 11.6 Summary and Conclusions 361 References 362 12 Power Electronics for More Electric Aircraft 365 12.1 Introduction 365 12.2 More Electric Aircraft 367 12.3 More Electric Engine (MEE) 372 12.4 Electric Power Generation Strategies 374 12.5 Power Electronics and Power Conversion 378 12.6 Power Distribution 381 12.7 Conclusions 384 References 385 13 Electric and Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles 387 13.1 Introduction 387 13.2 Electric, Hybrid Electric and Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Topologies 388 13.3 EV and PHEV Charging Infrastructures 392 13.4 Power Electronics for EV and PHEV Charging Infrastructure 404 13.5 Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) and Vehicle-to-Home (V2H) Concepts 407 13.6 Power Electronics for PEV Charging 410 References 419 14 Multilevel Converter/Inverter Topologies and Applications 422 14.1 Introduction 422 14.2 Fundamentals of Multilevel Converters/Inverters 423 14.3 Cascaded Multilevel Inverters and Their Applications 432 14.4 Emerging Applications and Discussions 444 14.5 Summary 459 Acknowledgment 461 References 461 15 Multiphase Matrix Converter Topologies and Control 463 15.1 Introduction 463 15.2 Three-Phase Input with Five-Phase Output Matrix Converter 464 15.3 Simulation and Experimental Results 484 15.4 Matrix Converter with Five-Phase Input and Three-Phase Output 488 15.5 Sample Results 499 Acknowledgment 501 References 501 16 Boost Preregulators for Power Factor Correction in Single-Phase Rectifiers 503 16.1 Introduction 503 16.2 Basic Boost PFC 504 16.3 Half-Bridge Asymmetric Boost PFC 511 16.4 Interleaved Dual-Boost PFC 519 16.5 Conclusion 528 References 529 17 Active Power Filter 534 17.1 Introduction 534 17.2 Harmonics 535 17.3 Effects and Negative Consequences of Harmonics 535 17.4 International Standards for Harmonics 536 17.5 Types of Harmonics 537 17.5.1 Harmonic Current Sources 537 17.5.2 Harmonic Voltage Sources 537 17.6 Passive Filters 539 17.7 Power Definitions 540 17.8 Active Power Filters 543 17.9 APF Switching Frequency Choice Methodology 547 17.10 Harmonic Current Extraction Techniques (HCET) 548 17.11 Shunt Active Power Filter 555 17.12 Series Active Power Filter 564 17.13 Unified Power Quality Conditioner 565 Acknowledgment 569 References 569 18A Hardware-in-the-Loop Systems with Power Electronics: A Powerful Simulation Tool 573 18A.1 Background 573 18A.2 Increasing the Performance of the Power Stage 575 18A.3 Machine Model of an Asynchronous Machine 581 18A.4 Results and Conclusions 583 References 589 18B Real-Time Simulation of Modular Multilevel Converters (MMCs) 591 18B.1 Introduction 591 18B.2 Choice of Modeling for MMC and Its Limitations 597 18B.3 Hardware Technology for Real-Time Simulation 598 18B.4 Implementation for Real-Time Simulator Using Different Approach 601 18B.5 Conclusion 606 References 606 19 Model Predictive Speed Control of Electrical Machines 608 19.1 Introduction 608 19.2 Review of Classical Speed Control Schemes for Electrical Machines 609 19.3 Predictive Current Control 613 19.4 Predictive Torque Control 617 19.5 Predictive Torque Control Using a Direct Matrix Converter 619 19.6 Predictive Speed Control 622 19.7 Conclusions 626 Acknowledgment 627 References 627 20 The Electrical Drive Systems with the Current Source Converter 630 20.1 Introduction 630 20.2 The Drive System Structure 631 20.3 The PWM in CSCs 633 20.4 The Generalized Control of a CSR 636 20.5 The Mathematical Model of an Asynchronous and a Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor 639 20.6 The Current and Voltage Control of an Induction Machine 641 20.7 The Current and Voltage Control of Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor 651 20.8 The Control System of a Doubly Fed Motor Supplied by a CSC 657 20.9 Conclusion 661 References 662 21 Common-Mode Voltage and Bearing Currents in PWM Inverters: Causes, Effects and Prevention 664 21.1 Introduction 664 21.2 Determination of the Induction Motor Common-Mode Parameters 671 21.3 Prevention of Common-Mode Current: Passive Methods 674 21.4 Active Systems for Reducing the CM Current 682 21.5 Common-Mode Current Reduction by PWM Algorithm Modifications 683 21.6 Summary 692 References 692 22 High-Power Drive Systems for Industrial Applications: Practical Examples 695 22.1 Introduction 695 22.2 LNG Plants 696 22.3 Gas Turbines (GTs): the Conventional Compressor Drives 697 22.4 Technical and Economic Impact of VFDs 699 22.5 High-Power Electric Motors 700 22.6 High-Power Electric Drives 705 22.7 Switching Devices 705 22.8 High-Power Converter Topologies 709 22.9 Multilevel VSI Topologies 711 22.10 Control of High-Power Electric Drives 719 22.11 Conclusion 723 Acknowledgment 724 References 724 23 Modulation and Control of Single-Phase Grid-Side Converters 727 23.1 Introduction 727 23.2 Modulation Techniques in Single-Phase Voltage Source Converters 729 23.3 Control of AC--DC Single-Phase Voltage Source Converters 748 23.4 Summary 763 References 763 24 Impedance Source Inverters 766 24.1 Multilevel Inverters 766 24.2 Quasi-Z-Source Inverter 767 24.3 qZSI-Based Cascade Multilevel PV System 775 24.4 Hardware Implementation 780 Acknowledgments 782 References 782 Index 787


Szczegóły: Power Electronics for Renewable Energy Systems, Transportation and Industrial Applications - Kamal Al-Haddad, Mariusz Malinowski, Haitham Abu-Rub

Tytuł: Power Electronics for Renewable Energy Systems, Transportation and Industrial Applications
Autor: Kamal Al-Haddad, Mariusz Malinowski, Haitham Abu-Rub
Producent: John Wiley
ISBN: 9781118634035
Rok produkcji: 2014
Ilość stron: 826
Oprawa: Twarda
Waga: 1.38 kg


Recenzje: Power Electronics for Renewable Energy Systems, Transportation and Industrial Applications - Kamal Al-Haddad, Mariusz Malinowski, Haitham Abu-Rub

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Power Electronics for Renewable Energy Systems, Transportation and Industrial Applications

, ,

This title compiles current research into the analysis and design of power electronic converters for industrial applications and renewable energy systems, presenting modern and future applications of power electronics systems in the field of electrical vehicles. With emphasis on the importance and long-term viability of Power Electronics for Renewable Energy this book brings together the state of the art knowledge and cutting-edge techniques in various stages of research. The topics included are not currently available for practicing professionals and aim to enable the reader to directly apply the knowledge gained to their designs. The book addresses the practical issues of current and future electric and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), and focuses primarily on power electronics and motor drives based solutions for electric vehicle (EV) technologies. Propulsion system requirements and motor sizing for EVs is discussed, along with practical system sizing examples. Key EV battery technologies are explained as well as corresponding battery management issues. PHEV power system architectures and advanced power electronics intensive charging infrastructures for EVs and PHEVs are detailed. EV/PHEV interface with renewable energy is described, with practical examples. This book explores new topics for further research needed world-wide, and defines existing challenges, concerns, and selected problems that comply with international trends, standards, and programs for electric power conversion, distribution, and sustainable energy development. It will lead to the advancement of the current state-of-the art applications of power electronics for renewable energy, transportation, and industrial applications and will help add experience in the various industries and academia about the energy conversion technology and distributed energy sources. It combines state of the art global expertise to present the latest research on power electronics and its application in transportation, renewable energy and different industrial applications. It offers an overview of existing technology and future trends, with discussion and analysis of different types of converters and control techniques (power converters, high performance power devices, power system, high performance control system and novel applications). Systematic explanation to provide researchers with enough background and understanding to go deeper in the topics covered in the book.Foreword xix Preface xxi Acknowledgements xxv List of Contributors xxvii 1 Energy, Global Warming and Impact of Power Electronics in the Present Century 1 1.1 Introduction 1 1.2 Energy 2 1.3 Environmental Pollution: Global Warming Problem 3 1.4 Impact of Power Electronics on Energy Systems 8 1.5 Smart Grid 20 1.6 Electric/Hybrid Electric Vehicles 21 1.7 Conclusion and Future Prognosis 23 References 25 2 Challenges of the Current Energy Scenario: The Power Electronics Contribution 27 2.1 Introduction 27 2.2 Energy Transmission and Distribution Systems 28 2.3 Renewable Energy Systems 34 2.4 Transportation Systems 41 2.5 Energy Storage Systems 42 2.6 Conclusions 47 References 47 3 An Overview on Distributed Generation and Smart Grid Concepts and Technologies 50 3.1 Introduction 50 3.2 Requirements of Distributed Generation Systems and Smart Grids 51 3.3 Photovoltaic Generators 52 3.4 Wind and Mini-hydro Generators 55 3.5 Energy Storage Systems 56 3.6 Electric Vehicles 57 3.7 Microgrids 57 3.8 Smart Grid Issues 59 3.9 Active Management of Distribution Networks 60 3.10 Communication Systems in Smart Grids 61 3.11 Advanced Metering Infrastructure and Real-Time Pricing 62 3.12 Standards for Smart Grids 63 References 65 4 Recent Advances in Power Semiconductor Technology 69 4.1 Introduction 69 4.2 Silicon Power Transistors 70 4.3 Overview of SiC Transistor Designs 75 4.4 Gate and Base Drivers for SiC Devices 80 4.5 Parallel Connection of Transistors 89 4.6 Overview of Applications 97 4.7 Gallium Nitride Transistors 100 4.8 Summary 102 References 102 5 AC-Link Universal Power Converters: A New Class of Power Converters for Renewable Energy and Transportation 107 5.1 Introduction 107 5.2 Hard Switching ac-Link Universal Power Converter 108 5.3 Soft Switching ac-Link Universal Power Converter 112 5.4 Principle of Operation of the Soft Switching ac-Link Universal Power Converter 113 5.5 Design Procedure 122 5.6 Analysis 123 5.7 Applications 126 5.8 Summary 133 Acknowledgment 133 References 133 6 High Power Electronics: Key Technology forWind Turbines 136 6.1 Introduction 136 6.2 Development of Wind Power Generation 137 6.3 Wind Power Conversion 138 6.4 Power Converters for Wind Turbines 143 6.5 Power Semiconductors for Wind Power Converter 149 6.6 Controls and Grid Requirements for Modern Wind Turbines 150 6.7 Emerging Reliability Issues for Wind Power System 155 6.8 Conclusion 156 References 156 7 Photovoltaic Energy Conversion Systems 160 7.1 Introduction 160 7.2 Power Curves and Maximum Power Point of PV Systems 162 7.3 Grid-Connected PV System Configurations 165 7.4 Control of Grid-Connected PV Systems 181 7.5 Recent Developments in Multilevel Inverter-Based PV Systems 192 7.6 Summary 195 References 195 8 Controllability Analysis of Renewable Energy Systems 199 8.1 Introduction 199 8.2 Zero Dynamics of the Nonlinear System 201 8.3 Controllability of Wind Turbine Connected through L Filter to the Grid 202 8.4 Controllability of Wind Turbine Connected through LCL Filter to the Grid 208 8.5 Controllability and Stability Analysis of PV System Connected to Current Source Inverter 219 8.6 Conclusions 228 References 229 9 Universal Operation of Small/Medium-Sized Renewable Energy Systems 231 9.1 Distributed Power Generation Systems 231 9.2 Control of Power Converters for Grid-Interactive Distributed Power Generation Systems 243 9.3 Ancillary Feature 259 9.4 Summary 267 References 268 10 Properties and Control of a Doubly Fed Induction Machine 270 10.1 Introduction. Basic principles of DFIM 270 10.2 Vector Control of DFIM Using an AC/DC/AC Converter 280 10.3 DFIM-Based Wind Energy Conversion Systems 305 References 317 11 AC--DC--AC Converters for Distributed Power Generation Systems 319 11.1 Introduction 319 11.2 Pulse-Width Modulation for AC--DC--AC Topologies 328 11.3 DC-Link Capacitors Voltage Balancing in Diode-Clamped Converter 334 11.4 Control Algorithms for AC--DC--AC Converters 345 11.5 AC--DC--AC Converter with Active Power FeedForward 356 11.6 Summary and Conclusions 361 References 362 12 Power Electronics for More Electric Aircraft 365 12.1 Introduction 365 12.2 More Electric Aircraft 367 12.3 More Electric Engine (MEE) 372 12.4 Electric Power Generation Strategies 374 12.5 Power Electronics and Power Conversion 378 12.6 Power Distribution 381 12.7 Conclusions 384 References 385 13 Electric and Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles 387 13.1 Introduction 387 13.2 Electric, Hybrid Electric and Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Topologies 388 13.3 EV and PHEV Charging Infrastructures 392 13.4 Power Electronics for EV and PHEV Charging Infrastructure 404 13.5 Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) and Vehicle-to-Home (V2H) Concepts 407 13.6 Power Electronics for PEV Charging 410 References 419 14 Multilevel Converter/Inverter Topologies and Applications 422 14.1 Introduction 422 14.2 Fundamentals of Multilevel Converters/Inverters 423 14.3 Cascaded Multilevel Inverters and Their Applications 432 14.4 Emerging Applications and Discussions 444 14.5 Summary 459 Acknowledgment 461 References 461 15 Multiphase Matrix Converter Topologies and Control 463 15.1 Introduction 463 15.2 Three-Phase Input with Five-Phase Output Matrix Converter 464 15.3 Simulation and Experimental Results 484 15.4 Matrix Converter with Five-Phase Input and Three-Phase Output 488 15.5 Sample Results 499 Acknowledgment 501 References 501 16 Boost Preregulators for Power Factor Correction in Single-Phase Rectifiers 503 16.1 Introduction 503 16.2 Basic Boost PFC 504 16.3 Half-Bridge Asymmetric Boost PFC 511 16.4 Interleaved Dual-Boost PFC 519 16.5 Conclusion 528 References 529 17 Active Power Filter 534 17.1 Introduction 534 17.2 Harmonics 535 17.3 Effects and Negative Consequences of Harmonics 535 17.4 International Standards for Harmonics 536 17.5 Types of Harmonics 537 17.5.1 Harmonic Current Sources 537 17.5.2 Harmonic Voltage Sources 537 17.6 Passive Filters 539 17.7 Power Definitions 540 17.8 Active Power Filters 543 17.9 APF Switching Frequency Choice Methodology 547 17.10 Harmonic Current Extraction Techniques (HCET) 548 17.11 Shunt Active Power Filter 555 17.12 Series Active Power Filter 564 17.13 Unified Power Quality Conditioner 565 Acknowledgment 569 References 569 18A Hardware-in-the-Loop Systems with Power Electronics: A Powerful Simulation Tool 573 18A.1 Background 573 18A.2 Increasing the Performance of the Power Stage 575 18A.3 Machine Model of an Asynchronous Machine 581 18A.4 Results and Conclusions 583 References 589 18B Real-Time Simulation of Modular Multilevel Converters (MMCs) 591 18B.1 Introduction 591 18B.2 Choice of Modeling for MMC and Its Limitations 597 18B.3 Hardware Technology for Real-Time Simulation 598 18B.4 Implementation for Real-Time Simulator Using Different Approach 601 18B.5 Conclusion 606 References 606 19 Model Predictive Speed Control of Electrical Machines 608 19.1 Introduction 608 19.2 Review of Classical Speed Control Schemes for Electrical Machines 609 19.3 Predictive Current Control 613 19.4 Predictive Torque Control 617 19.5 Predictive Torque Control Using a Direct Matrix Converter 619 19.6 Predictive Speed Control 622 19.7 Conclusions 626 Acknowledgment 627 References 627 20 The Electrical Drive Systems with the Current Source Converter 630 20.1 Introduction 630 20.2 The Drive System Structure 631 20.3 The PWM in CSCs 633 20.4 The Generalized Control of a CSR 636 20.5 The Mathematical Model of an Asynchronous and a Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor 639 20.6 The Current and Voltage Control of an Induction Machine 641 20.7 The Current and Voltage Control of Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor 651 20.8 The Control System of a Doubly Fed Motor Supplied by a CSC 657 20.9 Conclusion 661 References 662 21 Common-Mode Voltage and Bearing Currents in PWM Inverters: Causes, Effects and Prevention 664 21.1 Introduction 664 21.2 Determination of the Induction Motor Common-Mode Parameters 671 21.3 Prevention of Common-Mode Current: Passive Methods 674 21.4 Active Systems for Reducing the CM Current 682 21.5 Common-Mode Current Reduction by PWM Algorithm Modifications 683 21.6 Summary 692 References 692 22 High-Power Drive Systems for Industrial Applications: Practical Examples 695 22.1 Introduction 695 22.2 LNG Plants 696 22.3 Gas Turbines (GTs): the Conventional Compressor Drives 697 22.4 Technical and Economic Impact of VFDs 699 22.5 High-Power Electric Motors 700 22.6 High-Power Electric Drives 705 22.7 Switching Devices 705 22.8 High-Power Converter Topologies 709 22.9 Multilevel VSI Topologies 711 22.10 Control of High-Power Electric Drives 719 22.11 Conclusion 723 Acknowledgment 724 References 724 23 Modulation and Control of Single-Phase Grid-Side Converters 727 23.1 Introduction 727 23.2 Modulation Techniques in Single-Phase Voltage Source Converters 729 23.3 Control of AC--DC Single-Phase Voltage Source Converters 748 23.4 Summary 763 References 763 24 Impedance Source Inverters 766 24.1 Multilevel Inverters 766 24.2 Quasi-Z-Source Inverter 767 24.3 qZSI-Based Cascade Multilevel PV System 775 24.4 Hardware Implementation 780 Acknowledgments 782 References 782 Index 787

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Szczegóły: Power Electronics for Renewable Energy Systems, Transportation and Industrial Applications - Kamal Al-Haddad, Mariusz Malinowski, Haitham Abu-Rub

Tytuł: Power Electronics for Renewable Energy Systems, Transportation and Industrial Applications
Autor: Kamal Al-Haddad, Mariusz Malinowski, Haitham Abu-Rub
Producent: John Wiley
ISBN: 9781118634035
Rok produkcji: 2014
Ilość stron: 826
Oprawa: Twarda
Waga: 1.38 kg


Recenzje: Power Electronics for Renewable Energy Systems, Transportation and Industrial Applications - Kamal Al-Haddad, Mariusz Malinowski, Haitham Abu-Rub

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