In Search of the True Universe

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Opis: In Search of the True Universe - Martin Harwit

Astrophysicist and scholar Martin Harwit examines how our understanding of the cosmos advanced rapidly during the twentieth century and identifies the factors contributing to this progress. Astronomy, whose tools were largely imported from physics and engineering, benefited mid-century from the US policy of coupling basic research with practical national priorities. This strategy, initially developed for military and industrial purposes, provided astronomy with powerful tools yielding access - at virtually no cost - to radio, infrared, X-ray, and gamma-ray observations. Today, astronomers are investigating the new frontiers of dark matter and dark energy, critical to understanding the cosmos but of indeterminate socio-economic promise. Harwit addresses these current challenges in view of competing national priorities and proposes alternative new approaches in search of the true Universe. This is an engaging read for astrophysicists, policy makers, historians, and sociologists of science looking to learn and apply lessons from the past in gaining deeper cosmological insight. 'A fascinating and scholarly personal take on the explosive development of astrophysics and cosmology in the twentieth century that connects the untidy nature of scientific discovery to the economic, social, and political context in which it took place. In Search of the True Universe will enlighten and stimulate scientific historians, sociologists and, especially, professional astronomers and physicists striving to plot the best course for the field in the twenty-first century.' Roger Blandford, KIPAC and Stanford University 'Refreshing wisdom and insight concerning the status and future of cosmology from one of its most broadly experienced and thoughtful practitioners. Martin Harwit entertainingly frames the challenges and opportunities facing twenty-first-century astronomy and astrophysics in the context of historical scientific knowledge, organizational behavior, personalities, leadership, policy, and increasingly constrained economic environments. Important insight for those considering working in this area and an essential read for those already engaged.' Frank Martin, former Director of Astrophysics, NASA 'Martin Harwit's penetrating analysis of the progress and problems of modern astronomy and astrophysics is refreshingly original. The astronomical sciences have advanced tremendously during the twentieth century but are currently faced by challenges that cannot be answered by means of traditional tools and methods. As Harwit points out - and illustrates by carefully examined historical case studies - the tools available to us in any given period shape the way we conceive the world. While new tools are essential for further progress in the search of the 'true universe', they need to be coordinated with new forms of the societal forces that so thoroughly influence science. Harwit's book is not only a fascinating description of major advances in astrophysics, it also uses history to offer proposals for the future, both when it comes to the tools and the organization of astronomical research.' Helge Kragh, Aarhus University1. The nineteenth century's last five years; Part I. The Import of Theoretical Tools: 2. An overview; 3. Conclusions based on principles; 4. Conclusions based on a premise; 5. Conclusions based on calculations; 6. Asking the right questions, accepting limited answers; Part II. A National Plan Shaping the Universe We Perceive: 7. A new order and the new universe it produced; 8. Where did the chemical elements arise?; 9. Landscapes; 10. The evolution of astrophysical theory after 1960; 11. Turmoils of leadership; 12. Cascades and shocks that shape astrophysics; 13. Astrophysical discourse and persuasion; Part III. The Cost of Discerning the True Universe: 14. Organization and functioning of the astronomical community; 15. Language and astrophysical stability; 16. An economically viable astronomical program; Epilogue.


Szczegóły: In Search of the True Universe - Martin Harwit

Tytuł: In Search of the True Universe
Autor: Martin Harwit
Producent: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107044067
Rok produkcji: 2013
Ilość stron: 408
Oprawa: Twarda
Waga: 1 kg


Recenzje: In Search of the True Universe - Martin Harwit

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In Search of the True Universe

Astrophysicist and scholar Martin Harwit examines how our understanding of the cosmos advanced rapidly during the twentieth century and identifies the factors contributing to this progress. Astronomy, whose tools were largely imported from physics and engineering, benefited mid-century from the US policy of coupling basic research with practical national priorities. This strategy, initially developed for military and industrial purposes, provided astronomy with powerful tools yielding access - at virtually no cost - to radio, infrared, X-ray, and gamma-ray observations. Today, astronomers are investigating the new frontiers of dark matter and dark energy, critical to understanding the cosmos but of indeterminate socio-economic promise. Harwit addresses these current challenges in view of competing national priorities and proposes alternative new approaches in search of the true Universe. This is an engaging read for astrophysicists, policy makers, historians, and sociologists of science looking to learn and apply lessons from the past in gaining deeper cosmological insight. 'A fascinating and scholarly personal take on the explosive development of astrophysics and cosmology in the twentieth century that connects the untidy nature of scientific discovery to the economic, social, and political context in which it took place. In Search of the True Universe will enlighten and stimulate scientific historians, sociologists and, especially, professional astronomers and physicists striving to plot the best course for the field in the twenty-first century.' Roger Blandford, KIPAC and Stanford University 'Refreshing wisdom and insight concerning the status and future of cosmology from one of its most broadly experienced and thoughtful practitioners. Martin Harwit entertainingly frames the challenges and opportunities facing twenty-first-century astronomy and astrophysics in the context of historical scientific knowledge, organizational behavior, personalities, leadership, policy, and increasingly constrained economic environments. Important insight for those considering working in this area and an essential read for those already engaged.' Frank Martin, former Director of Astrophysics, NASA 'Martin Harwit's penetrating analysis of the progress and problems of modern astronomy and astrophysics is refreshingly original. The astronomical sciences have advanced tremendously during the twentieth century but are currently faced by challenges that cannot be answered by means of traditional tools and methods. As Harwit points out - and illustrates by carefully examined historical case studies - the tools available to us in any given period shape the way we conceive the world. While new tools are essential for further progress in the search of the 'true universe', they need to be coordinated with new forms of the societal forces that so thoroughly influence science. Harwit's book is not only a fascinating description of major advances in astrophysics, it also uses history to offer proposals for the future, both when it comes to the tools and the organization of astronomical research.' Helge Kragh, Aarhus University1. The nineteenth century's last five years; Part I. The Import of Theoretical Tools: 2. An overview; 3. Conclusions based on principles; 4. Conclusions based on a premise; 5. Conclusions based on calculations; 6. Asking the right questions, accepting limited answers; Part II. A National Plan Shaping the Universe We Perceive: 7. A new order and the new universe it produced; 8. Where did the chemical elements arise?; 9. Landscapes; 10. The evolution of astrophysical theory after 1960; 11. Turmoils of leadership; 12. Cascades and shocks that shape astrophysics; 13. Astrophysical discourse and persuasion; Part III. The Cost of Discerning the True Universe: 14. Organization and functioning of the astronomical community; 15. Language and astrophysical stability; 16. An economically viable astronomical program; Epilogue.

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Cena 187,01 PLN
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