Cold War Social Science

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Opis: Cold War Social Science

From World War II to the early 1970s, social science research expanded in dramatic and unprecedented fashion in the United States, which became the world's acknowledged leader in the field. This volume examines how, why, and with what consequences this rapid and yet contested expansion depended on the entanglement of the social sciences with the Cold War. Utilizing the controversial but useful concept of "Cold War Social Science," the contributions gathered here reveal how scholars from established disciplines and new interdisciplinary fields of study made important contributions to long-standing debates about knowledge production, liberal democracy, and human nature in an era of diplomatic tension and ideological conflict. "The advanced student and the interested reader will find the book to be a useful road map to some great work in the history of social science. Its contribution to scholarship is to sharpen our attention to the limits of the Cold War thematic. It counters narratives of national security state oppression and social-science cooption in favour of accounts that situate social science in overlapping institutional environments and traditions, ultiple time frames, and negotations between a multitude of actors. Its sober message is worth listening to." - The British Journal for the History of Science "Rich and varied ... these studies together reveal the broad diversity of social science organization and research under Cold War conditions and exigencies: scholars as servants of power; theorists of imperiled democracy and individuality; and innovators in the management of research data, machines, organizations, and polities." - The Journal of American History "The book sheds light on a number of contexts that are relevant to study the work, commitments, and ambitions of the post-war American social scientists. It is fair to say that as much as the Second World War marked the consecration of a natural scientific and engineering culture, the Cold War era marked the affirmation of a social scientific culture. That this book helps us see more clearly its defining characteristics is already a significant achievement." - Journal of the History of Economic Thought "Cold War Social Science is a formidable collection marked by impeccable scholarship, compelling argument, limpid prose, original ideas, and continuing relevance." - Regional Studies "In connecting issues of knowledge and power to questions of human nature, the essays in this volume often unknowingly suggest possibilities for moving beyond the facile distinctions between repressive and emancipatory social science that have shaped the critique and defense of social science since the era of the cold war." - U.S. Intellectual History "The structure of this volume encouraged me as a reader to think acutely about the connections between the social sciences ... There are too many strong chapters in this book to list." - blogs.lse.ac.uk "Solovey is certainly right to observe that there has been recently renewed interest in 'Cold War social science' ... A few essays seem to me to take this enterprise some steps forward." - Cold War History "In this ambitious volume, leading historians assess the shared moves - intellectual, institutional, political - that characterized the social sciences in Cold War America. Engaging examples range from area studies to linguistics, psychology to economics, each grappling with hard questions about military patronage and the tensions between pure and applied research. Authors reveal important continuities to earlier periods even as they hone in on what was special about the bounded historical moment of the Cold War. A must-read for anyone interested in relations between knowledge and power and the changing place of the academy in American life." - David Kaiser, Germeshausen Professor of the History of Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology "This exciting collection proves that the history of Cold War social science has come of age. It is at once a collection of fascinating case studies and a volume that probes the big questions about science and politics. To what extent did Cold War imperatives shape knowledge about social relations, cultural difference, individuality, human nature, motivation, and behavior? How was the stunning mid-century expansion of American social science also rooted in institutional developments that predated and outlasted the Cold War? Above all, what were - and are - the consequences for democracy?" - Ellen Herman, professor, Department of History, University of OregonForeword: Positioning Social Science in Cold War America; T.M.Porter Cold War Social Science: Spectre, Reality, or Useful Concept?; M.Solovey PART I: KNOWLEDGE PRODUCTION The Rise and Fall of Wartime Social Science: Harvard's Refugee Interview Project, 1950-54; D.C.Engerman Futures Studies: A New Social Science Rooted in Cold War Strategic Thinking; K.Tolon 'It was All Connected': Computers and Linguistics in Early Cold War America; J.Martin-Nielsen Epistemic Design: Theory and Data in Harvard's Department of Social Relations; J.Isaac PART II: LIBERAL DEMOCRACY Producing Reason; H.Heyck Column Right, March! Nationalism, Scientific Positivism, and the Conservative Turn of the American Social Sciences in the Cold War Era; H.Cravens From Expert Democracy to Beltway Banditry: How the Anti-War Movement Expanded the Military-Academic-Industrial Complex; J.Rohde Neo-Evolutionist Anthropology, the Cold War, and the Beginnings of the World Turn in U.S. Scholarship; H.Brick PART III: HUMAN NATURE Maintaining Humans; E.Jones-Imhotep Psychology, Psychologists, and the Creativity Movement: The Lives of Method Inside and Outside the Cold War; M.Bycroft An Anthropologist on TV: Ashley Montagu and the Biological Basis of Human Nature, 1945-1960; N.Weidman Cold War Emotions: The War over Human Nature; M.Vicedo


Szczegóły: Cold War Social Science

Tytuł: Cold War Social Science
Producent: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 9780230340503
Rok produkcji: 2012
Ilość stron: 288
Oprawa: Twarda
Waga: 0.46 kg


Recenzje: Cold War Social Science

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Cold War Social Science

From World War II to the early 1970s, social science research expanded in dramatic and unprecedented fashion in the United States, which became the world's acknowledged leader in the field. This volume examines how, why, and with what consequences this rapid and yet contested expansion depended on the entanglement of the social sciences with the Cold War. Utilizing the controversial but useful concept of "Cold War Social Science," the contributions gathered here reveal how scholars from established disciplines and new interdisciplinary fields of study made important contributions to long-standing debates about knowledge production, liberal democracy, and human nature in an era of diplomatic tension and ideological conflict. "The advanced student and the interested reader will find the book to be a useful road map to some great work in the history of social science. Its contribution to scholarship is to sharpen our attention to the limits of the Cold War thematic. It counters narratives of national security state oppression and social-science cooption in favour of accounts that situate social science in overlapping institutional environments and traditions, ultiple time frames, and negotations between a multitude of actors. Its sober message is worth listening to." - The British Journal for the History of Science "Rich and varied ... these studies together reveal the broad diversity of social science organization and research under Cold War conditions and exigencies: scholars as servants of power; theorists of imperiled democracy and individuality; and innovators in the management of research data, machines, organizations, and polities." - The Journal of American History "The book sheds light on a number of contexts that are relevant to study the work, commitments, and ambitions of the post-war American social scientists. It is fair to say that as much as the Second World War marked the consecration of a natural scientific and engineering culture, the Cold War era marked the affirmation of a social scientific culture. That this book helps us see more clearly its defining characteristics is already a significant achievement." - Journal of the History of Economic Thought "Cold War Social Science is a formidable collection marked by impeccable scholarship, compelling argument, limpid prose, original ideas, and continuing relevance." - Regional Studies "In connecting issues of knowledge and power to questions of human nature, the essays in this volume often unknowingly suggest possibilities for moving beyond the facile distinctions between repressive and emancipatory social science that have shaped the critique and defense of social science since the era of the cold war." - U.S. Intellectual History "The structure of this volume encouraged me as a reader to think acutely about the connections between the social sciences ... There are too many strong chapters in this book to list." - blogs.lse.ac.uk "Solovey is certainly right to observe that there has been recently renewed interest in 'Cold War social science' ... A few essays seem to me to take this enterprise some steps forward." - Cold War History "In this ambitious volume, leading historians assess the shared moves - intellectual, institutional, political - that characterized the social sciences in Cold War America. Engaging examples range from area studies to linguistics, psychology to economics, each grappling with hard questions about military patronage and the tensions between pure and applied research. Authors reveal important continuities to earlier periods even as they hone in on what was special about the bounded historical moment of the Cold War. A must-read for anyone interested in relations between knowledge and power and the changing place of the academy in American life." - David Kaiser, Germeshausen Professor of the History of Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology "This exciting collection proves that the history of Cold War social science has come of age. It is at once a collection of fascinating case studies and a volume that probes the big questions about science and politics. To what extent did Cold War imperatives shape knowledge about social relations, cultural difference, individuality, human nature, motivation, and behavior? How was the stunning mid-century expansion of American social science also rooted in institutional developments that predated and outlasted the Cold War? Above all, what were - and are - the consequences for democracy?" - Ellen Herman, professor, Department of History, University of OregonForeword: Positioning Social Science in Cold War America; T.M.Porter Cold War Social Science: Spectre, Reality, or Useful Concept?; M.Solovey PART I: KNOWLEDGE PRODUCTION The Rise and Fall of Wartime Social Science: Harvard's Refugee Interview Project, 1950-54; D.C.Engerman Futures Studies: A New Social Science Rooted in Cold War Strategic Thinking; K.Tolon 'It was All Connected': Computers and Linguistics in Early Cold War America; J.Martin-Nielsen Epistemic Design: Theory and Data in Harvard's Department of Social Relations; J.Isaac PART II: LIBERAL DEMOCRACY Producing Reason; H.Heyck Column Right, March! Nationalism, Scientific Positivism, and the Conservative Turn of the American Social Sciences in the Cold War Era; H.Cravens From Expert Democracy to Beltway Banditry: How the Anti-War Movement Expanded the Military-Academic-Industrial Complex; J.Rohde Neo-Evolutionist Anthropology, the Cold War, and the Beginnings of the World Turn in U.S. Scholarship; H.Brick PART III: HUMAN NATURE Maintaining Humans; E.Jones-Imhotep Psychology, Psychologists, and the Creativity Movement: The Lives of Method Inside and Outside the Cold War; M.Bycroft An Anthropologist on TV: Ashley Montagu and the Biological Basis of Human Nature, 1945-1960; N.Weidman Cold War Emotions: The War over Human Nature; M.Vicedo

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Cena 355,01 PLN
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