Biomineralization Sourcebook

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Opis: Biomineralization Sourcebook

What does it mean to be at the forefront of a characterization technique? Novel implementation and research, finding new ways to visualize composites, and new techniques all play a role. Yet with the myriad of advances in the field, keeping up with new and advanced techniques, often from many different areas, has become a challenge. Biomineralization Sourcebook: Characterization of Biominerals and Biomimetic Materials emphasizes the interplay between multiple techniques at their current frontiers and explores how such studies may be carried out. The book addresses atomic and molecular structure: how it is described, detected, and assessed for importance. It then highlights additional measurements especially well-suited to looking at two- and three-dimensional systems with heterogeneous, if not hierarchical, structure. These systems enable particular aspects of biominerals and biomimetic models to be scrutinized. The text presents state-of-the-art methods to assess properties of the composite, and represents current approaches and aspirations to measuring entire biological working structures while retaining as much fine-grained biophysical information as possible. In all these chapters, authors showcase discoveries from their own programs. Along the way, the book takes you on a tour from microscopy's eighteenth century roots, to the recent literature and diverse research programs of the contributing investigators, to the multi-million dollar National Laboratory facilities that all play their roles to illuminate the ever-fascinating biominerals. A snapshot of the state of the art in a spectrum of experimental techniques applied to a common interdisciplinary goal, where the ability to use the more advanced techniques often requires funding for collaboration and travel, the book will deepen the appreciation for the massive interdisciplinary effort underway, educate researchers across the field, and motivate new collaborations. "... a very useful source not only for researchers in the general area of biominerals, but for anyone engaged in the synthesis and analysis of the structure, properties, and applications of hybrid materials. ... [It] covers experimental and computational methods over all necessary length scales from the atomic to the macroscopic dimensions, including, for example, whole organ mechanical analysis. ... The key importance of the book likely lies in the fact that for the first time in a while, the key experimental techniques for the investigation of hybrid materials have been assembled in one volume." -MaterialsViews, July 2014 "This sourcebook provides both a background foundation and authoritative descriptions of essentially all of these new approaches [in biomineralization research]. Thus, it will be an indispensable source for advanced students and researchers in the field." -Grayson W. Marshall, DDS, MPH, PhD, Odont. Dr hc (Malmo), Distinguished Professor Emeritus and Chair, Division of Biomaterials and Bioengineering, University of California, San Francisco "... provides state-of-the-art information about the characterization of biomineralized materials, and also goes in depth with the practical procedures and inherent difficulties when applying these methods. For this, the book will be particularly useful to students, postdocs, and other researchers entering the field." -Prof. Dr. Dr.h.c. Peter Fratzl, Director, Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces "... a highly relevant compendium of the most important, currently available analytical techniques used to understand biomineralization processes and the structures they produce." -Marc D. McKee, Ph.D., James McGill Professor, McGill University "This handbook [also] includes ... many other fantastic techniques that are used for better understanding biomineralization. The collection of all this know-how literally under one cover is an enormous asset for the field." -From the Foreword by Steve Weiner and Lia Addadi, Department of Structural Biology, Weizmann Institute of ScienceCharacterization of Atomic and Molecular Structure: Diffraction and Scattering Synchrotron X-Ray Scattering: Probing Structure for the Structure-Function Relationship, Elaine DiMasi In situ X-ray scattering from molecular templates and nucleating minerals at organic-water interfaces, Benjamin D. Stripe and Pulak Dutta Electron Backscatter Diffraction for Biomineralization, Maggie Cusack and Peter Chung Characterization of Atomic and Molecular Structure: Spectroscopy and Spectro-Microscopy Infrared Spectroscopy and Imaging, Adele L. Boskey, PhD Raman Spectroscopy in Biomineralization, Karen Esmonde-White and Francis Esmonde-White Chemical Mapping with X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy, Yannicke Dauphin and Murielle Salome Local Structure Development; Characterization of Biominerals Using X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy, Yael Politi and Ivo Zizak Soft x-Ray Scanning Transmission Spectro-Microscopy, Julie Cosmidis and Karim Benzerara Photoemission Spectromicroscopy for the Biomineralogist, Pupa U. P. A. Gilbert Solid-State NMR Spectroscopy: A Tool for Molecular-Level Structure Analysis and Dynamics, Melinda J. Duer The Realities of Disordered or Unfolded Proteins: Relevance to Biomineralization, John Spencer Evans Imaging Morphology and Interfaces Exploring Dynamics at the Biomolecule-Crystal Interface Using Real-Time In Situ Atomic Force Microscopy, S. Roger Qiu In situ Atomic Force Microscopy as a tool for investigating assembly of protein matrices, Sungwook Chung and James J. De Yoreo Transmission Electron Microscopy in Biomineralization Research: Advances and Challenges, Elia Beniash, Archan Dey, and Nico A. J. M. Sommerdijk X-Ray Computed Tomography, Xianghui Xiao and Stuart R. Stock SIMS Method and Example of Applications in Coral Biomineralization, Claire Rollion-Bard and Dominique Blamart Properties of the Composite: Energetics and Forces in Assembly Molecular Simulation of Biomineral Nucleation And Crystal Growth: Modern Computational Challenges and Approaches, Yang Yang, Zhijun Xu, Qiang Cui, and Nita Sahai Application of Enhanced Sampling Approaches to the Early Stages of Mineralization, Adam F. Wallace and James J. De Yoreo Direct Measurement of Interaction Forces and Energies with Proximal Probes, Raymond W. Friddle Properties of the Composite: Materials Approaches to Tissues and Whole Organs Measuring Forces between Structural Elements in Composites: From Macromolecules to Bone, Philipp J. Thurner and Orestis L. Katsamenis Mechanical and Interface Properties of Biominerals: Atomistic to Coarse Grained Modeling, Arun K. Nair, Flavia Libonati, Zhao Qin, Leon S. Dimas, and Markus J. Buehler Whole Organ Deformation Analysis by Digital Optical Metrology Methods, Paul Zaslansky and Ron Shahar Illustrating Biodiversity: The Power of an Image, James C. Weaver and Elaine DiMasi


Szczegóły: Biomineralization Sourcebook

Tytuł: Biomineralization Sourcebook
Producent: CRC Press Inc.
ISBN: 9781466518353
Rok produkcji: 2014
Ilość stron: 432
Oprawa: Twarda
Waga: 1.28 kg


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Biomineralization Sourcebook

What does it mean to be at the forefront of a characterization technique? Novel implementation and research, finding new ways to visualize composites, and new techniques all play a role. Yet with the myriad of advances in the field, keeping up with new and advanced techniques, often from many different areas, has become a challenge. Biomineralization Sourcebook: Characterization of Biominerals and Biomimetic Materials emphasizes the interplay between multiple techniques at their current frontiers and explores how such studies may be carried out. The book addresses atomic and molecular structure: how it is described, detected, and assessed for importance. It then highlights additional measurements especially well-suited to looking at two- and three-dimensional systems with heterogeneous, if not hierarchical, structure. These systems enable particular aspects of biominerals and biomimetic models to be scrutinized. The text presents state-of-the-art methods to assess properties of the composite, and represents current approaches and aspirations to measuring entire biological working structures while retaining as much fine-grained biophysical information as possible. In all these chapters, authors showcase discoveries from their own programs. Along the way, the book takes you on a tour from microscopy's eighteenth century roots, to the recent literature and diverse research programs of the contributing investigators, to the multi-million dollar National Laboratory facilities that all play their roles to illuminate the ever-fascinating biominerals. A snapshot of the state of the art in a spectrum of experimental techniques applied to a common interdisciplinary goal, where the ability to use the more advanced techniques often requires funding for collaboration and travel, the book will deepen the appreciation for the massive interdisciplinary effort underway, educate researchers across the field, and motivate new collaborations. "... a very useful source not only for researchers in the general area of biominerals, but for anyone engaged in the synthesis and analysis of the structure, properties, and applications of hybrid materials. ... [It] covers experimental and computational methods over all necessary length scales from the atomic to the macroscopic dimensions, including, for example, whole organ mechanical analysis. ... The key importance of the book likely lies in the fact that for the first time in a while, the key experimental techniques for the investigation of hybrid materials have been assembled in one volume." -MaterialsViews, July 2014 "This sourcebook provides both a background foundation and authoritative descriptions of essentially all of these new approaches [in biomineralization research]. Thus, it will be an indispensable source for advanced students and researchers in the field." -Grayson W. Marshall, DDS, MPH, PhD, Odont. Dr hc (Malmo), Distinguished Professor Emeritus and Chair, Division of Biomaterials and Bioengineering, University of California, San Francisco "... provides state-of-the-art information about the characterization of biomineralized materials, and also goes in depth with the practical procedures and inherent difficulties when applying these methods. For this, the book will be particularly useful to students, postdocs, and other researchers entering the field." -Prof. Dr. Dr.h.c. Peter Fratzl, Director, Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces "... a highly relevant compendium of the most important, currently available analytical techniques used to understand biomineralization processes and the structures they produce." -Marc D. McKee, Ph.D., James McGill Professor, McGill University "This handbook [also] includes ... many other fantastic techniques that are used for better understanding biomineralization. The collection of all this know-how literally under one cover is an enormous asset for the field." -From the Foreword by Steve Weiner and Lia Addadi, Department of Structural Biology, Weizmann Institute of ScienceCharacterization of Atomic and Molecular Structure: Diffraction and Scattering Synchrotron X-Ray Scattering: Probing Structure for the Structure-Function Relationship, Elaine DiMasi In situ X-ray scattering from molecular templates and nucleating minerals at organic-water interfaces, Benjamin D. Stripe and Pulak Dutta Electron Backscatter Diffraction for Biomineralization, Maggie Cusack and Peter Chung Characterization of Atomic and Molecular Structure: Spectroscopy and Spectro-Microscopy Infrared Spectroscopy and Imaging, Adele L. Boskey, PhD Raman Spectroscopy in Biomineralization, Karen Esmonde-White and Francis Esmonde-White Chemical Mapping with X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy, Yannicke Dauphin and Murielle Salome Local Structure Development; Characterization of Biominerals Using X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy, Yael Politi and Ivo Zizak Soft x-Ray Scanning Transmission Spectro-Microscopy, Julie Cosmidis and Karim Benzerara Photoemission Spectromicroscopy for the Biomineralogist, Pupa U. P. A. Gilbert Solid-State NMR Spectroscopy: A Tool for Molecular-Level Structure Analysis and Dynamics, Melinda J. Duer The Realities of Disordered or Unfolded Proteins: Relevance to Biomineralization, John Spencer Evans Imaging Morphology and Interfaces Exploring Dynamics at the Biomolecule-Crystal Interface Using Real-Time In Situ Atomic Force Microscopy, S. Roger Qiu In situ Atomic Force Microscopy as a tool for investigating assembly of protein matrices, Sungwook Chung and James J. De Yoreo Transmission Electron Microscopy in Biomineralization Research: Advances and Challenges, Elia Beniash, Archan Dey, and Nico A. J. M. Sommerdijk X-Ray Computed Tomography, Xianghui Xiao and Stuart R. Stock SIMS Method and Example of Applications in Coral Biomineralization, Claire Rollion-Bard and Dominique Blamart Properties of the Composite: Energetics and Forces in Assembly Molecular Simulation of Biomineral Nucleation And Crystal Growth: Modern Computational Challenges and Approaches, Yang Yang, Zhijun Xu, Qiang Cui, and Nita Sahai Application of Enhanced Sampling Approaches to the Early Stages of Mineralization, Adam F. Wallace and James J. De Yoreo Direct Measurement of Interaction Forces and Energies with Proximal Probes, Raymond W. Friddle Properties of the Composite: Materials Approaches to Tissues and Whole Organs Measuring Forces between Structural Elements in Composites: From Macromolecules to Bone, Philipp J. Thurner and Orestis L. Katsamenis Mechanical and Interface Properties of Biominerals: Atomistic to Coarse Grained Modeling, Arun K. Nair, Flavia Libonati, Zhao Qin, Leon S. Dimas, and Markus J. Buehler Whole Organ Deformation Analysis by Digital Optical Metrology Methods, Paul Zaslansky and Ron Shahar Illustrating Biodiversity: The Power of an Image, James C. Weaver and Elaine DiMasi

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