Introduction to Crowd Science

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Opis: Introduction to Crowd Science - Keith Still

Demonstrates Real-World Case Studies from a Range of Event Sites Introduction to Crowd Science examines the growing rate of crowd-related accidents and incidents around the world. Using tools, methods, and worked examples gleaned from over 20 years of experience, this text provides an understanding of crowd safety. It establishes how crowd accidents and incidents (specifically mass fatalities in crowded spaces) can occur. It explores the underlying causes of incidences and implements techniques for crowd risk analysis and crowd safety engineering that can help minimize and even eliminate occurrences altogether. Understand Overall Crowd Dynamics and Levels of Complex Structure The book outlines a simple modeling approach to crowd risk analysis and crowds safety in places of public assembly. With consideration for major events, and large-scale urban environments, the material focuses on the practical elements of developing the crowd risk analysis and crowd safety aspects of an event plan. It outlines a range of modeling techniques, including line diagrams that represent crowd flow, calculations of the speed at which a space can fill, and the time it takes for that space to reach critical and crush density. It also determines what to consider during the event planning and approval (licensing/permitting) phases of the event process. Introduction to Crowd Science addresses key questions and presents a systematic approach to managing crowd risks in complex sites. It provides an understanding of the complexity of a site, and helps the reader plan for crowds in public places. "Really excellent work. It does a good job of taking a very sophisticated topic and making it accessible for an educated reader." -Tracy Pearl, Florida International UniversityIntroduction Why do we need this? Crowd modelling Research background Understanding the problem Learning from past experience The root of the problem Research revisited Cost-effective crowd safety modelling Conclusions Crowd risk analysis Introduction Basic planning/approval requirement Understanding the basic skills Body space Event guidance Defining risks The minimum is not enough Keep the crowd density low A bigger picture Graphing the results Better references Dangerous crowd simulations Defining 'risk' due to density Causality Introduction Causality Event legislation Site design: theory Crowd forces Underlying causality Crowd science Introduction Modelling Crowd dynamics and crowd science Caveat emptor Are all crowd simulations bad? Applications of a crowd simulation Validation Summary Crowd and event modelling Introduction The crowd management plan Modelling for a major project What is an event model? RAMP analysis Routes Areas Movement Profile RAMP analysis: Summary DIM-ICE: Summary Decision support analysis Case studies and examples Introduction Assessing the risk assessment Case study examples Modelling an event A picture speaks a thousand words How to begin Visualising risk RAMP analysis Ingress-capacity-Beijing Olympics Torch Relay Manchester United Victory Parade Hillsborough (1989) Ingress-circulation-Lincoln Christmas Market Event-site capacity-Leicester Caribbean Carnival Circulation-capacity-The Jamarat Bridge System rules Ingress-egress (shared space)-Love Parade Disaster Egress-congestion-London New Year Event (Fireworks) Egress-crowd management-Wembley White Summary Control room applications Introduction Incident detection Control room Understanding crowd dynamics Real-time decision support tool Real-time information Mass transit systems Estimating density Emergency management Prevention Paradox of choice Four solutions Problems with evacuation simulations The way forward Introduction Increased awareness Ultimate responsibility Event process Information-education-application Why should you listen to us? Final word Appendix A: Essential crowd safety mathematics Appendices Index


Szczegóły: Introduction to Crowd Science - Keith Still

Tytuł: Introduction to Crowd Science
Autor: Keith Still
Producent: CRC Press Inc.
ISBN: 9781466579644
Rok produkcji: 2014
Ilość stron: 300
Oprawa: Twarda
Waga: 0.57 kg


Recenzje: Introduction to Crowd Science - Keith Still

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Introduction to Crowd Science

Demonstrates Real-World Case Studies from a Range of Event Sites Introduction to Crowd Science examines the growing rate of crowd-related accidents and incidents around the world. Using tools, methods, and worked examples gleaned from over 20 years of experience, this text provides an understanding of crowd safety. It establishes how crowd accidents and incidents (specifically mass fatalities in crowded spaces) can occur. It explores the underlying causes of incidences and implements techniques for crowd risk analysis and crowd safety engineering that can help minimize and even eliminate occurrences altogether. Understand Overall Crowd Dynamics and Levels of Complex Structure The book outlines a simple modeling approach to crowd risk analysis and crowds safety in places of public assembly. With consideration for major events, and large-scale urban environments, the material focuses on the practical elements of developing the crowd risk analysis and crowd safety aspects of an event plan. It outlines a range of modeling techniques, including line diagrams that represent crowd flow, calculations of the speed at which a space can fill, and the time it takes for that space to reach critical and crush density. It also determines what to consider during the event planning and approval (licensing/permitting) phases of the event process. Introduction to Crowd Science addresses key questions and presents a systematic approach to managing crowd risks in complex sites. It provides an understanding of the complexity of a site, and helps the reader plan for crowds in public places. "Really excellent work. It does a good job of taking a very sophisticated topic and making it accessible for an educated reader." -Tracy Pearl, Florida International UniversityIntroduction Why do we need this? Crowd modelling Research background Understanding the problem Learning from past experience The root of the problem Research revisited Cost-effective crowd safety modelling Conclusions Crowd risk analysis Introduction Basic planning/approval requirement Understanding the basic skills Body space Event guidance Defining risks The minimum is not enough Keep the crowd density low A bigger picture Graphing the results Better references Dangerous crowd simulations Defining 'risk' due to density Causality Introduction Causality Event legislation Site design: theory Crowd forces Underlying causality Crowd science Introduction Modelling Crowd dynamics and crowd science Caveat emptor Are all crowd simulations bad? Applications of a crowd simulation Validation Summary Crowd and event modelling Introduction The crowd management plan Modelling for a major project What is an event model? RAMP analysis Routes Areas Movement Profile RAMP analysis: Summary DIM-ICE: Summary Decision support analysis Case studies and examples Introduction Assessing the risk assessment Case study examples Modelling an event A picture speaks a thousand words How to begin Visualising risk RAMP analysis Ingress-capacity-Beijing Olympics Torch Relay Manchester United Victory Parade Hillsborough (1989) Ingress-circulation-Lincoln Christmas Market Event-site capacity-Leicester Caribbean Carnival Circulation-capacity-The Jamarat Bridge System rules Ingress-egress (shared space)-Love Parade Disaster Egress-congestion-London New Year Event (Fireworks) Egress-crowd management-Wembley White Summary Control room applications Introduction Incident detection Control room Understanding crowd dynamics Real-time decision support tool Real-time information Mass transit systems Estimating density Emergency management Prevention Paradox of choice Four solutions Problems with evacuation simulations The way forward Introduction Increased awareness Ultimate responsibility Event process Information-education-application Why should you listen to us? Final word Appendix A: Essential crowd safety mathematics Appendices Index

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Cena 436,00 PLN
Nasza cena 407,66 PLN
Oszczędzasz 6%
Wysyłka: Niedostępna
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Szczegóły: Introduction to Crowd Science - Keith Still

Tytuł: Introduction to Crowd Science
Autor: Keith Still
Producent: CRC Press Inc.
ISBN: 9781466579644
Rok produkcji: 2014
Ilość stron: 300
Oprawa: Twarda
Waga: 0.57 kg


Recenzje: Introduction to Crowd Science - Keith Still

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