Optical Fiber Communication Systems with MATLAB(R) and Simulink(R) Models, Second Edition

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Opis: Optical Fiber Communication Systems with MATLAB(R) and Simulink(R) Models, Second Edition - Le Nguyen Binh

Carefully structured to instill practical knowledge of fundamental issues, Optical Fiber Communication Systems with MATLAB(R) and Simulink(R) Models describes the modeling of optically amplified fiber communications systems using MATLAB(R) and Simulink(R). This lecture-based book focuses on concepts and interpretation, mathematical procedures, and engineering applications, shedding light on device behavior and dynamics through computer modeling. Supplying a deeper understanding of the current and future state of optical systems and networks, this Second Edition: * Reflects the latest developments in optical fiber communications technology * Includes new and updated case studies, examples, end-of-chapter problems, and MATLAB(R) and Simulink(R) models * Emphasizes DSP-based coherent reception techniques essential to advancement in short- and long-term optical transmission networks Optical Fiber Communication Systems with MATLAB(R) and Simulink(R) Models, Second Edition is intended for use in university and professional training courses in the specialized field of optical communications. This text should also appeal to students of engineering and science who have already taken courses in electromagnetic theory, signal processing, and digital communications, as well as to optical engineers, designers, and practitioners in industry. "This book adds an aspect of programming and simulation not so well developed in other books. It is complete in this sense and enables directly linking the physics of optical components and systems to realistic results." -Martin Rochette, Associate Professor, McGill University, Quebec, Canada "...this will be an excellent textbook since it has all new development and information on optical communication systems...I think this book can easily replace many other textbooks in this field." -Massoud Moussavi, California State Polytechnic University-Pomona "The book is well written. It describes the fundamentals of fiber optic systems and presents the exact model texts and mathematical formulas which can be used to create practical computing models." -Associate professor, Dr. Paulius Tervydis, Kaunas University of Technology, LithuaniaPreface List of Abbreviations Introduction Historical Perspectives Digital Modulation for Advanced Optical Transmission Systems Demodulation Techniques MATLAB(R) Simulink(R) Platform Organization of the Book Chapters Optical Fibers: Geometrical and Guiding Properties Motivations and Some Historical Background Dielectric Slab Optical Waveguides Structure Numerical Aperture Modes of Symmetric Dielectric Slab Waveguides Optical-Guided Modes Cutoff Properties Optical Fiber: General Properties Geometrical Structures and Index Profile The Fundamental Mode of Weakly Guiding Fibers Cutoff Properties Single and Few Mode Conditions Power Distribution and Approximation of Spot Size Power Distribution Approximation of Spot Size r0 of a Step-Index Fiber Equivalent Step-Index (ESI) Description Definitions of ESI Parameters Accuracy and Limits Examples on ESI Techniques General Method Nonlinear Optical Effects Nonlinear Phase Modulation Effects Optical Fiber Manufacturing and Cabling Concluding Remarks Problems References Optical Fibers: Signal Attenuation and Dispersion Introduction Signal Attenuation in Optical Fibers Intrinsic or Material Attenuation Absorption Rayleigh Scattering Waveguide Loss Bending Loss Microbending Loss Joint or Splice Loss Attenuation Coefficient Signal Distortion in Optical Fibers Basics on Group Velocity Group Velocity Dispersion (GVD) Transfer Function of Single-Mode Fibers Higher-Order Dispersion Transmission Bit-Rate and the Dispersion Factor Polarization Mode Dispersion Fiber Nonlinearity Advanced Optical Fibers: Dispersion-Shifted, -Flattened, and -Compensated Optical Fibers Effects of Mode Hopping Numerical Solution: Split-Step Fourier Method Symmetrical Split-Step Fourier Method (SSFM) MATLAB(R) Program and MATLAB(R) Simulink(R) Models of the SSFM Modeling of Polarization Mode Dispersion (PMD) Optimization of Symmetrical SSFM Concluding Remarks Appendix Appendix: MATLAB(R) Program for the Design of Optical Fibers-A Solution to the Mini-Project Design Appendix: Program Listings for the Design of Standard Single-Mode Fiber Appendix: Program Listings for Design of Nonzero Dispersion-Shifted Fibers Appendix: Program Listings of the Split Step Fourier Method with SPM and Raman Gain Distribution Appendix: Program Listings of Initialization File Problems References Overview of Modeling Techniques for Optical Transmission Systems Using MATLAB(R) Simulink(R) Overview Optical Transmitter Background of External Optical Modulators Optical Phase Modulator Optical Intensity Modulator Impairments of Optical Fiber Chromatic Dispersion (CD) Chromatic Dispersion as a Total of Material Dispersion and Waveguide Dispersion Dispersion Length Polarization Mode Dispersion (PMD) Fiber Nonlinearity Modeling of Fiber Propagation Symmetrical SSFM Modeling of PMD Optimization of Symmetrical SSFM Optical Amplifiers Optical and Electrical Filters Optical Receiver Performance Evaluation Optical Signal-to-Noise Ratio (OSNR) OSNR Penalty Eye Opening (EO) Conventional Evaluation Methods Novel Statistical Methods MATLAB(R) Simulink(R) Modeling Platform General Model Initialization File OCSS(c): A MATLAB(R) Simulation Platform Overview System Design Using Software Simulation Optical Communication Systems Simulator: OCSS(c) Simulation Platform Transmitter Module Optical Fiber Module Receiver Module System Simulation Equalized Optical Communications Systems Soliton Optical Communications Systems Remarks Concluding Remarks References Optical Direct and External Modulation Introduction Direct Modulation Introductory Remarks Physics of Semiconductor Lasers Modeling and Development of Optical Transmitter Conditions for the Laser Rate Equations Power Output and Eye-Diagram Analysis Introduction to Optical External Modulation Phase Modulators Intensity Modulators Phasor Representation and Transfer Characteristics Bias Control Chirp-Free Optical Modulators Structures of Photonic Modulators Typical Operational Parameters Electro-Absorption Modulators Silicon-Based Optical Modulators MATLAB(R) Simulink(R) Models of External Optical Modulators Remarks Appendices OCSS Simulation Platform Initial Conditions for Photon Density, S(t) and Carrier Density, N(t) References Advanced Modulation Format Optical Transmitters Introduction Digital Modulation Formats ASK Modulation Formats and Pulse Shaping Return-to-Zero Optical Pulses Phasor Representation of CSRZ Pulses Phasor Representation of RZ33 Pulses Differential Phase Shift Keying Background Optical DPSK Transmitter Generation of Modulation Formats Amplitude-Modulation ASK-NRZ and ASK-RZ Discrete Phase-Modulation NRZ Formats Photonic MSK Transmitter Using Two Cascaded Electro-Optic Phase Modulators Optical MSK Transmitter Using Mach-Zehnder Intensity Modulators: I-Q Approach Single Sideband (SSB) Optical Modulators Optical RZ-MSK Multi-Carrier Multiplexing (MCM) Optical Modulators Spectra of Modulation Formats Generation of QAM Signals Generation Optimum Setting for Square Constellations Remarks Appendix: Structures of Mach-Zehnder Modulator Problems References Direct Detection Optical Receivers Introduction Optical Receivers in Various Systems Receiver Components Photodiodes Detection and Noises Linear Channel Data Recovery Noises in Photodetectors Receiver Noises Noise Calculations Performance Calculations for Binary Digital Optical Systems Signals Received Probability Distribution Minimum Average Optical Received Power Total Output Noises and Pulse Shape Parameters An HEMT-Matched Noise Network Preamplifier Matched Network for Noise Reduction Noise Theory and Equivalent Input Noise Current Trans Impedance Amplifier: Differential and Nondifferential Types Concluding Remarks Appendix: Noise Equations Problems References Digital Coherent Optical Receivers Introduction Coherent Receiver Components Coherent Detection Optical Heterodyne Detection Optical Homodyne Detection Self-Coherent Detection and Electronic DSP Coherent and Incoherent Receiving Techniques Digital Processing in Advanced Optical Communication Systems Digital Signal Processing associated with Coherent Optical Receiver Overview DSP-Assisted Coherent Reception Polarization Multiplexed Coherent Reception: Analog Section DSP-Based Phase Estimation and Correction of Phase Noise and Nonlinear Effects DSP-Based Forward Phase Estimation of Optical Coherent Receivers of QPSK Modulation Format Coherent Receiver Analysis Shot-Noise-Limited Receiver Sensitivity Remarks Problems References EDF Amplifiers and Simulink(R) Models Introductory Remarks Fundamental and Theoretical Issues of EDFAs EDFA Configuration EDFA Operational Principles Pump Wavelength and Absorption Spectrum EDFAs in Long-Haul Transmission Systems EDFA Simulation Model Amplifier Parameters EDFAs Dynamic Model Amplifier Noises EDFA Simulation Model EDFA MATLAB(R) Simulink(R) Model Simulator Design Outline Simulator Design Process Simulator Requirement Simulator Design Assumptions EDFA Simulator Modeling Pump Source Simulink(R) EDFA Simulator: Execution Procedures Samples of the Simulink(R) Simulator Concluding Remarks References MATLAB(R) Simulink(R) Modeling of Raman Amplification and Integration in Fiber Transmission Systems Introduction ROA versus EDFA Raman Amplification Principles Raman Amplification Coupled Equations Raman and Fiber Propagation under Linear and Nonlinear Fiber Dispersions Propagation Equation SSMF and DCF as Raman Fibers Noise Figure Dispersion Nonlinear Raman Gain/Scattering Schrodinger Equation Fiber Nonlinearities Dispersion Split-Step Fourier Method Gaussian Pulses, Eye Diagrams, and Bit Error Rate Raman Amplification and Gaussian Pulse Propagation Fiber Profiles Gaussian Pulse Propagation Long-Haul Optically Amplified Transmission Concluding Remarks Problems Appendices Raman Amplification and Split-Step Fourier Method: MATLAB(R) Program Initialization *.m File References Digital Optical Modulation Transmission Systems Advanced Photonic Communications and Challenging Issues Background Challenging Issues Enabling Technologies Digital Modulation Formats Incoherent Optical Receivers Return-to-Zero Optical Pulses Generation Principles Phasor Representation Differential Phase Shift Keying (DPSK) Background Optical DPSK Transmitter Incoherent Detection of Optical DPSK Minimum Shift Keying CPFSK Approach ODQPSK Approach Incoherent Detection of Optical MSK Dual-Level MSK Theoretical Background Proposed Generation Scheme Incoherent Detection of Optical Dual-Level MSK Spectral Characteristics of Advanced Modulation Formats Summary References Design of Optical Communications Systems Introduction Remarks Structure of DWDM Long-Haul Transmission Systems Long-Haul Optical Transmission Systems Intensity Modulation Direct Detection Systems Loss-Limited Optical Communications Systems Dispersion-Limited Optical Communications Systems System Preliminary Design Gaussian Approximation System Preliminary Design under Nonlinear Effects Some Notes on the Design of Optical Transmission Systems Link Budget Calculations under Linear and Nonlinear Impairments Engineering an OADM Transmission Link Appendix: Power Budget Power Budget Estimation: An Example Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR) and Optical SNR TIA: Differential and Nondifferential Types Problems References Self-Coherent Optically Amplified Digital Transmission Systems: Techniques and Simulink(R) Models ASK Modulation Formats Transmission Models Introductory Remarks Components Revisited for Advanced Optical Communication System Optical Sources Optical Modulators Mach-Zehnder (MZ) Intensity Modulators Revisited Transmission Loss and Dispersion Revisited Nonlinear Effects Signal Propagation Model Modulation Formats NRZ or NRZ-ASK RZ (or RZ-ASK) Return-to-Zero Optical Pulses Differential Phase Shift Keying (DPSK) NRZ-DPSK RZ-DPSK Receiver Simulink(R) Models DQPSK Modulation Formats Transmission Models DQPSK Optical System Components DQPSK Receiver PDM-QAM PDM-QPSK PDM-16 QAM Transmission Systems MSK Transmission Model Introductory Remarks Generation of Optical MSK-Modulated Signals Optical Binary-Amplitude MSK Format Star-QAM Transmission Systems for 100 Gb/s Capacity Introduction Design of 16-QAM Signal Constellation Star 16-QAM Square 16-QAM Offset-Square 16-QAM 8-DPSK_2-ASK 16-Star QAM Configuration of 8-DPSK_2-ASK Optical Transmitter Configuration of 8-DPSK_2-ASK Detection Scheme Transmission Performance of 100 Gb/s 8-DPSK_2-ASK Scheme Power Spectrum Receiver Sensitivity and Dispersion Tolerance Long-Haul Transmission Appendix: Simulink(R) and Simulation Guidelines MATLAB(R) Simulink(R) Guide for Use of Simulink(R) Models MATLAB(R) Files References Tbps Optical Transmission Systems: Digital Processing-Based Coherent Reception Introduction Quadrature Phase Shift Keying Systems Carrier Phase Recovery 112G QPSK Coherent Transmission Systems I-Q Imbalance Estimation Results Skew Estimation Fractionally Spaced Equalization of CD and PMD Linear, Nonlinear Equalization and Back-Propagation Compensation of Linear and Nonlinear Phase Distortion 16 QAM Systems Tb/s Superchannel Transmission Systems Overview Nyquist Pulse and Spectra Superchannel System Requirements System Structure Timing Recovery in Nyquist QAM Channel 128 Gb/s 16 QAM Superchannel Transmission 450 Gb/s 32 QAM Nyquist Transmission Systems Non-DCF 1 and 2 Tb/s Superchannel Transmission Performance Transmission Platform Performance Multicarrier Scheme Comparison Remarks and Challenges References Digital Signal Processing for Optical Transmission Systems Introduction General Algorithms for Optical Communications Systems Linear Equalization Nonlinear Equalizer (NLE) or Decision Feedback Equalizers (DFE) Maximum Likelihood Sequence Detection (MLSD) and Viterbi Nonlinear MLSE Shared Equalization between Transmitter and Receivers Maximum a Posteriori (MAP) Technique for Phase Estimation Method Estimates Carrier Phase Estimation Remarks Correction of Phase Noise and Nonlinear Effects Forward Phase Estimation QPSK Optical Coherent Receivers Carrier Recovery in Polarization Division Multiplexed Receivers: A Case Study Systems Performance of MLSE Equalizer-MSK Optical Transmission Systems MLSE Equalizer for Optical MSK Systems MLSE Scheme Performance MIMO Equalization Generic MIMO Equalization Process Training-Based MIMO Equalization Remarks on References References Appendix A: Technical Data of Single-Mode Optical Fibers Appendix B: RMS Definition and Power Measurement Appendix C: Power Budget Appendix D: How to Relate the Rise/Fall Time with the Frequency Response of Network and Power Budget Analyses for Optical Link Design and in Experimental Platforms Appendix E: Problems on Optical Fiber Communication Systems Index


Szczegóły: Optical Fiber Communication Systems with MATLAB(R) and Simulink(R) Models, Second Edition - Le Nguyen Binh

Tytuł: Optical Fiber Communication Systems with MATLAB(R) and Simulink(R) Models, Second Edition
Autor: Le Nguyen Binh
Producent: Apple
ISBN: 9781482217513
Rok produkcji: 2014
Ilość stron: 899
Oprawa: Twarda
Waga: 1.72 kg


Recenzje: Optical Fiber Communication Systems with MATLAB(R) and Simulink(R) Models, Second Edition - Le Nguyen Binh

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Optical Fiber Communication Systems with MATLAB(R) and Simulink(R) Models, Second Edition

  • Producent: Apple
  • Oprawa: Twarda

Carefully structured to instill practical knowledge of fundamental issues, Optical Fiber Communication Systems with MATLAB(R) and Simulink(R) Models describes the modeling of optically amplified fiber communications systems using MATLAB(R) and Simulink(R). This lecture-based book focuses on concepts and interpretation, mathematical procedures, and engineering applications, shedding light on device behavior and dynamics through computer modeling. Supplying a deeper understanding of the current and future state of optical systems and networks, this Second Edition: * Reflects the latest developments in optical fiber communications technology * Includes new and updated case studies, examples, end-of-chapter problems, and MATLAB(R) and Simulink(R) models * Emphasizes DSP-based coherent reception techniques essential to advancement in short- and long-term optical transmission networks Optical Fiber Communication Systems with MATLAB(R) and Simulink(R) Models, Second Edition is intended for use in university and professional training courses in the specialized field of optical communications. This text should also appeal to students of engineering and science who have already taken courses in electromagnetic theory, signal processing, and digital communications, as well as to optical engineers, designers, and practitioners in industry. "This book adds an aspect of programming and simulation not so well developed in other books. It is complete in this sense and enables directly linking the physics of optical components and systems to realistic results." -Martin Rochette, Associate Professor, McGill University, Quebec, Canada "...this will be an excellent textbook since it has all new development and information on optical communication systems...I think this book can easily replace many other textbooks in this field." -Massoud Moussavi, California State Polytechnic University-Pomona "The book is well written. It describes the fundamentals of fiber optic systems and presents the exact model texts and mathematical formulas which can be used to create practical computing models." -Associate professor, Dr. Paulius Tervydis, Kaunas University of Technology, LithuaniaPreface List of Abbreviations Introduction Historical Perspectives Digital Modulation for Advanced Optical Transmission Systems Demodulation Techniques MATLAB(R) Simulink(R) Platform Organization of the Book Chapters Optical Fibers: Geometrical and Guiding Properties Motivations and Some Historical Background Dielectric Slab Optical Waveguides Structure Numerical Aperture Modes of Symmetric Dielectric Slab Waveguides Optical-Guided Modes Cutoff Properties Optical Fiber: General Properties Geometrical Structures and Index Profile The Fundamental Mode of Weakly Guiding Fibers Cutoff Properties Single and Few Mode Conditions Power Distribution and Approximation of Spot Size Power Distribution Approximation of Spot Size r0 of a Step-Index Fiber Equivalent Step-Index (ESI) Description Definitions of ESI Parameters Accuracy and Limits Examples on ESI Techniques General Method Nonlinear Optical Effects Nonlinear Phase Modulation Effects Optical Fiber Manufacturing and Cabling Concluding Remarks Problems References Optical Fibers: Signal Attenuation and Dispersion Introduction Signal Attenuation in Optical Fibers Intrinsic or Material Attenuation Absorption Rayleigh Scattering Waveguide Loss Bending Loss Microbending Loss Joint or Splice Loss Attenuation Coefficient Signal Distortion in Optical Fibers Basics on Group Velocity Group Velocity Dispersion (GVD) Transfer Function of Single-Mode Fibers Higher-Order Dispersion Transmission Bit-Rate and the Dispersion Factor Polarization Mode Dispersion Fiber Nonlinearity Advanced Optical Fibers: Dispersion-Shifted, -Flattened, and -Compensated Optical Fibers Effects of Mode Hopping Numerical Solution: Split-Step Fourier Method Symmetrical Split-Step Fourier Method (SSFM) MATLAB(R) Program and MATLAB(R) Simulink(R) Models of the SSFM Modeling of Polarization Mode Dispersion (PMD) Optimization of Symmetrical SSFM Concluding Remarks Appendix Appendix: MATLAB(R) Program for the Design of Optical Fibers-A Solution to the Mini-Project Design Appendix: Program Listings for the Design of Standard Single-Mode Fiber Appendix: Program Listings for Design of Nonzero Dispersion-Shifted Fibers Appendix: Program Listings of the Split Step Fourier Method with SPM and Raman Gain Distribution Appendix: Program Listings of Initialization File Problems References Overview of Modeling Techniques for Optical Transmission Systems Using MATLAB(R) Simulink(R) Overview Optical Transmitter Background of External Optical Modulators Optical Phase Modulator Optical Intensity Modulator Impairments of Optical Fiber Chromatic Dispersion (CD) Chromatic Dispersion as a Total of Material Dispersion and Waveguide Dispersion Dispersion Length Polarization Mode Dispersion (PMD) Fiber Nonlinearity Modeling of Fiber Propagation Symmetrical SSFM Modeling of PMD Optimization of Symmetrical SSFM Optical Amplifiers Optical and Electrical Filters Optical Receiver Performance Evaluation Optical Signal-to-Noise Ratio (OSNR) OSNR Penalty Eye Opening (EO) Conventional Evaluation Methods Novel Statistical Methods MATLAB(R) Simulink(R) Modeling Platform General Model Initialization File OCSS(c): A MATLAB(R) Simulation Platform Overview System Design Using Software Simulation Optical Communication Systems Simulator: OCSS(c) Simulation Platform Transmitter Module Optical Fiber Module Receiver Module System Simulation Equalized Optical Communications Systems Soliton Optical Communications Systems Remarks Concluding Remarks References Optical Direct and External Modulation Introduction Direct Modulation Introductory Remarks Physics of Semiconductor Lasers Modeling and Development of Optical Transmitter Conditions for the Laser Rate Equations Power Output and Eye-Diagram Analysis Introduction to Optical External Modulation Phase Modulators Intensity Modulators Phasor Representation and Transfer Characteristics Bias Control Chirp-Free Optical Modulators Structures of Photonic Modulators Typical Operational Parameters Electro-Absorption Modulators Silicon-Based Optical Modulators MATLAB(R) Simulink(R) Models of External Optical Modulators Remarks Appendices OCSS Simulation Platform Initial Conditions for Photon Density, S(t) and Carrier Density, N(t) References Advanced Modulation Format Optical Transmitters Introduction Digital Modulation Formats ASK Modulation Formats and Pulse Shaping Return-to-Zero Optical Pulses Phasor Representation of CSRZ Pulses Phasor Representation of RZ33 Pulses Differential Phase Shift Keying Background Optical DPSK Transmitter Generation of Modulation Formats Amplitude-Modulation ASK-NRZ and ASK-RZ Discrete Phase-Modulation NRZ Formats Photonic MSK Transmitter Using Two Cascaded Electro-Optic Phase Modulators Optical MSK Transmitter Using Mach-Zehnder Intensity Modulators: I-Q Approach Single Sideband (SSB) Optical Modulators Optical RZ-MSK Multi-Carrier Multiplexing (MCM) Optical Modulators Spectra of Modulation Formats Generation of QAM Signals Generation Optimum Setting for Square Constellations Remarks Appendix: Structures of Mach-Zehnder Modulator Problems References Direct Detection Optical Receivers Introduction Optical Receivers in Various Systems Receiver Components Photodiodes Detection and Noises Linear Channel Data Recovery Noises in Photodetectors Receiver Noises Noise Calculations Performance Calculations for Binary Digital Optical Systems Signals Received Probability Distribution Minimum Average Optical Received Power Total Output Noises and Pulse Shape Parameters An HEMT-Matched Noise Network Preamplifier Matched Network for Noise Reduction Noise Theory and Equivalent Input Noise Current Trans Impedance Amplifier: Differential and Nondifferential Types Concluding Remarks Appendix: Noise Equations Problems References Digital Coherent Optical Receivers Introduction Coherent Receiver Components Coherent Detection Optical Heterodyne Detection Optical Homodyne Detection Self-Coherent Detection and Electronic DSP Coherent and Incoherent Receiving Techniques Digital Processing in Advanced Optical Communication Systems Digital Signal Processing associated with Coherent Optical Receiver Overview DSP-Assisted Coherent Reception Polarization Multiplexed Coherent Reception: Analog Section DSP-Based Phase Estimation and Correction of Phase Noise and Nonlinear Effects DSP-Based Forward Phase Estimation of Optical Coherent Receivers of QPSK Modulation Format Coherent Receiver Analysis Shot-Noise-Limited Receiver Sensitivity Remarks Problems References EDF Amplifiers and Simulink(R) Models Introductory Remarks Fundamental and Theoretical Issues of EDFAs EDFA Configuration EDFA Operational Principles Pump Wavelength and Absorption Spectrum EDFAs in Long-Haul Transmission Systems EDFA Simulation Model Amplifier Parameters EDFAs Dynamic Model Amplifier Noises EDFA Simulation Model EDFA MATLAB(R) Simulink(R) Model Simulator Design Outline Simulator Design Process Simulator Requirement Simulator Design Assumptions EDFA Simulator Modeling Pump Source Simulink(R) EDFA Simulator: Execution Procedures Samples of the Simulink(R) Simulator Concluding Remarks References MATLAB(R) Simulink(R) Modeling of Raman Amplification and Integration in Fiber Transmission Systems Introduction ROA versus EDFA Raman Amplification Principles Raman Amplification Coupled Equations Raman and Fiber Propagation under Linear and Nonlinear Fiber Dispersions Propagation Equation SSMF and DCF as Raman Fibers Noise Figure Dispersion Nonlinear Raman Gain/Scattering Schrodinger Equation Fiber Nonlinearities Dispersion Split-Step Fourier Method Gaussian Pulses, Eye Diagrams, and Bit Error Rate Raman Amplification and Gaussian Pulse Propagation Fiber Profiles Gaussian Pulse Propagation Long-Haul Optically Amplified Transmission Concluding Remarks Problems Appendices Raman Amplification and Split-Step Fourier Method: MATLAB(R) Program Initialization *.m File References Digital Optical Modulation Transmission Systems Advanced Photonic Communications and Challenging Issues Background Challenging Issues Enabling Technologies Digital Modulation Formats Incoherent Optical Receivers Return-to-Zero Optical Pulses Generation Principles Phasor Representation Differential Phase Shift Keying (DPSK) Background Optical DPSK Transmitter Incoherent Detection of Optical DPSK Minimum Shift Keying CPFSK Approach ODQPSK Approach Incoherent Detection of Optical MSK Dual-Level MSK Theoretical Background Proposed Generation Scheme Incoherent Detection of Optical Dual-Level MSK Spectral Characteristics of Advanced Modulation Formats Summary References Design of Optical Communications Systems Introduction Remarks Structure of DWDM Long-Haul Transmission Systems Long-Haul Optical Transmission Systems Intensity Modulation Direct Detection Systems Loss-Limited Optical Communications Systems Dispersion-Limited Optical Communications Systems System Preliminary Design Gaussian Approximation System Preliminary Design under Nonlinear Effects Some Notes on the Design of Optical Transmission Systems Link Budget Calculations under Linear and Nonlinear Impairments Engineering an OADM Transmission Link Appendix: Power Budget Power Budget Estimation: An Example Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR) and Optical SNR TIA: Differential and Nondifferential Types Problems References Self-Coherent Optically Amplified Digital Transmission Systems: Techniques and Simulink(R) Models ASK Modulation Formats Transmission Models Introductory Remarks Components Revisited for Advanced Optical Communication System Optical Sources Optical Modulators Mach-Zehnder (MZ) Intensity Modulators Revisited Transmission Loss and Dispersion Revisited Nonlinear Effects Signal Propagation Model Modulation Formats NRZ or NRZ-ASK RZ (or RZ-ASK) Return-to-Zero Optical Pulses Differential Phase Shift Keying (DPSK) NRZ-DPSK RZ-DPSK Receiver Simulink(R) Models DQPSK Modulation Formats Transmission Models DQPSK Optical System Components DQPSK Receiver PDM-QAM PDM-QPSK PDM-16 QAM Transmission Systems MSK Transmission Model Introductory Remarks Generation of Optical MSK-Modulated Signals Optical Binary-Amplitude MSK Format Star-QAM Transmission Systems for 100 Gb/s Capacity Introduction Design of 16-QAM Signal Constellation Star 16-QAM Square 16-QAM Offset-Square 16-QAM 8-DPSK_2-ASK 16-Star QAM Configuration of 8-DPSK_2-ASK Optical Transmitter Configuration of 8-DPSK_2-ASK Detection Scheme Transmission Performance of 100 Gb/s 8-DPSK_2-ASK Scheme Power Spectrum Receiver Sensitivity and Dispersion Tolerance Long-Haul Transmission Appendix: Simulink(R) and Simulation Guidelines MATLAB(R) Simulink(R) Guide for Use of Simulink(R) Models MATLAB(R) Files References Tbps Optical Transmission Systems: Digital Processing-Based Coherent Reception Introduction Quadrature Phase Shift Keying Systems Carrier Phase Recovery 112G QPSK Coherent Transmission Systems I-Q Imbalance Estimation Results Skew Estimation Fractionally Spaced Equalization of CD and PMD Linear, Nonlinear Equalization and Back-Propagation Compensation of Linear and Nonlinear Phase Distortion 16 QAM Systems Tb/s Superchannel Transmission Systems Overview Nyquist Pulse and Spectra Superchannel System Requirements System Structure Timing Recovery in Nyquist QAM Channel 128 Gb/s 16 QAM Superchannel Transmission 450 Gb/s 32 QAM Nyquist Transmission Systems Non-DCF 1 and 2 Tb/s Superchannel Transmission Performance Transmission Platform Performance Multicarrier Scheme Comparison Remarks and Challenges References Digital Signal Processing for Optical Transmission Systems Introduction General Algorithms for Optical Communications Systems Linear Equalization Nonlinear Equalizer (NLE) or Decision Feedback Equalizers (DFE) Maximum Likelihood Sequence Detection (MLSD) and Viterbi Nonlinear MLSE Shared Equalization between Transmitter and Receivers Maximum a Posteriori (MAP) Technique for Phase Estimation Method Estimates Carrier Phase Estimation Remarks Correction of Phase Noise and Nonlinear Effects Forward Phase Estimation QPSK Optical Coherent Receivers Carrier Recovery in Polarization Division Multiplexed Receivers: A Case Study Systems Performance of MLSE Equalizer-MSK Optical Transmission Systems MLSE Equalizer for Optical MSK Systems MLSE Scheme Performance MIMO Equalization Generic MIMO Equalization Process Training-Based MIMO Equalization Remarks on References References Appendix A: Technical Data of Single-Mode Optical Fibers Appendix B: RMS Definition and Power Measurement Appendix C: Power Budget Appendix D: How to Relate the Rise/Fall Time with the Frequency Response of Network and Power Budget Analyses for Optical Link Design and in Experimental Platforms Appendix E: Problems on Optical Fiber Communication Systems Index

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Szczegóły: Optical Fiber Communication Systems with MATLAB(R) and Simulink(R) Models, Second Edition - Le Nguyen Binh

Tytuł: Optical Fiber Communication Systems with MATLAB(R) and Simulink(R) Models, Second Edition
Autor: Le Nguyen Binh
Producent: Apple
ISBN: 9781482217513
Rok produkcji: 2014
Ilość stron: 899
Oprawa: Twarda
Waga: 1.72 kg


Recenzje: Optical Fiber Communication Systems with MATLAB(R) and Simulink(R) Models, Second Edition - Le Nguyen Binh

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