Refining Used Lubricating Oils

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Refining Used Lubricating Oils

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  • Producent: CRC Press Inc.
  • Rok produkcji: 2014
  • ISBN: 9781466551497
  • Ilość stron: 466
  • Oprawa: Twarda
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Cena 666,00 PLN
Nasza cena 622,70 PLN
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Opis: Refining Used Lubricating Oils - Douglas Exall, James Speight

Used lubricating oil is a valuable resource. However, it must be re-refined mainly due to the accumulation of physical and chemical contaminants in the oil during service. Refining Used Lubricating Oils describes the properties of used lubricating oils and presents ways these materials can be re-refined and converted into useful lubricants as well as other products. It provides an up-to-date review of most of the processes for used lubricating oil refining that have been proposed or implemented in different parts of the world, and addresses feasibility and criteria for selecting a particular process. The book begins with an overview of lubricating oil manufacturing, both petroleum-based and synthetic-based. It reviews the types and properties of lubricating oils and discusses the characteristics and potential of used lubricating oils. The authors describe the basic steps of used oil treatment including dehydration, distillation or solvent extraction, and finishing. They explore the combustion of used oil for use as fuel, covering chemistry and equipment, fuel oil properties, and combustion emissions. The book considers alternative processing options such as refinery processing and re-refining. It also reviews the major refining processes that have been suggested over the years for used oil. These include acid/clay, simple distillation, combinations of distillation and hydrogenation, solvent extraction, filtration, and coking processes. The book addresses economic, life cycle assessment, and other criteria for evaluating the attractiveness of an oil recycling project, examining various costs and presenting an economic evaluation method using an Excel spreadsheet that can be downloaded from the publisher's website. The book concludes with a chapter offering insights on how to choose the most suitable process technology.Manufacture of Lubricating Oil Introduction Base Oil Manufacture from Petroleum Sources Blending Composition and Properties Uses Synthetic Lubricating Oil Base Oil Properties Additives Performance References Types and Properties of Lubricating Oil Types of Lubricating Oils Solid Lubricants and Greases Use and Applications Properties of Lubricating Oils Use of Test Data References Used Lubricating Oils Introduction Cause of Oil Degradation Amount of Used Oils Collection Recycling and Re-Refining Capacities Environmental Aspects of Used Oil Management Converting Used Oil into Useable Oil References Composition and Treatment Introduction Primary Treatment Separation Finishing Test Methods Environmental Aspects References Combustion of Used Engine Oil Introduction Direct Combustion: Use as a Fuel Combustion Chemistry and Equipment Fuel Oil Properties Environmental Risks Postcombustion Capture Used Oil Combustion Combustion with Heavy Fuel Oil Combustion in Cement Kilns Combustion in Hot-Mix Asphalt Plants References Alternative Processing Options Introduction Refinery Processing Cogeneration Regeneration Residues Environmental Management References Refining Processes for Used Oil recycling to Base Oils or Fuels Introduction The Acid/Clay Process Simple Distillation and Predistillation Processes Distillation/Clay Processes Distillation/Hydrogenation Processes Distillation/Solvent Extraction Processes Hydrogenation/Distillation Processes Distillation/Filtration/Hydrogenation Processes Processes Producing Primarily a Fuel Product and Possibly a Base Oil Product Other Processes References Economics and Other Evaluation Criteria Introduction Recycled Oil Collection Costs Capital Costs of the Plant Operating Cost Considerations for the Plant Economic Indicators Excel Spreadsheet for a Recycling Plant Economic Evaluation of a Small and Large Project Discussion of Some Results of the Economic Evaluation Comparison of Re-Refining with Production from Crude Oil References Choice of a Process Technology Introduction Relevant Reports Future Developments References Glossary Appendix A Appendix B Appendix C Index


Szczegóły: Refining Used Lubricating Oils - Douglas Exall, James Speight

Tytuł: Refining Used Lubricating Oils
Autor: Douglas Exall, James Speight
Producent: CRC Press Inc.
ISBN: 9781466551497
Rok produkcji: 2014
Ilość stron: 466
Oprawa: Twarda
Waga: 0.57 kg


Recenzje: Refining Used Lubricating Oils - Douglas Exall, James Speight

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