Analytical Fluid Dynamics

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Opis: Analytical Fluid Dynamics - George Emanuel

New Edition Now Covers Shock-Wave Analysis An in-depth presentation of analytical methods and physical foundations, Analytical Fluid Dynamics, Third Edition breaks down the "how" and "why" of fluid dynamics. While continuing to cover the most fundamental topics in fluid mechanics, this latest work emphasizes advanced analytical approaches to aid in the analytical process and corresponding physical interpretation. It also addresses the need for a more flexible mathematical language (utilizing vector and tensor analysis and transformation theory) to cover the growing complexity of fluid dynamics. Revised and updated, the text centers on shock-wave structure, shock-wave derivatives, and shock-produced vorticity; supersonic diffusers; thrust and lift from an asymmetric nozzle; and outlines operator methods and laminar boundary-layer theory. In addition, the discussion introduces pertinent assumptions, reasons for studying a particular topic, background discussion, illustrative examples, and numerous end-of-chapter problems. Utilizing a wide variety of topics on inviscid and viscous fluid dynamics, the author covers material that includes: * Viscous dissipation * The second law of thermodynamics * Calorically imperfect gas flows * Aerodynamic sweep * Shock-wave interference * Unsteady one-dimensional flow * Internal ballistics * Force and momentum balance * The Substitution Principle * Rarefaction shock waves * A comprehensive treatment of flow property derivatives just downstream of an unsteady three-dimensional shock * Shock-generated vorticity * Triple points * An extended version of the Navier-Stokes equations * Shock-free supersonic diffusers * Lift and thrust from an asymmetric nozzle Analytical Fluid Dynamics, Third Edition outlines the basics of analytical fluid mechanics while emphasizing analytical approaches to fluid dynamics. Covering the material in-depth, this book provides an authoritative interpretation of formulations and procedures in analytical fluid dynamics, and offers analytical solutions to fluid dynamic problems. "The author has formulated curved shock theory with vector notation. This is a new and useful approach that has led to new results and insights and independent verification of the complex algebraic results of earlier tensor methods, the theory is surrounded by careful and thorough treatment of assumptions and limitations. Problems at the end of the chapter are well-chosen to promote a deeper understanding. This is a must-read for anyone searching for an appreciation of curved shock wave theory." -Sannu Molder, Ryerson University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada "In the modern era where computational techniques dominate, it is refreshing to see a book that returns to the fundamentals in depth and breadth. Emanuel's book is a solid treatment of basic fluid physics. It provides elegant and yet easy-to-follow mathematical treatments of a wide range of topics that are important in contemporary applications. One of the useful aspects of the work is its clear elucidation of the flow physics that is firmly grounded in the mathematics. Such revelations are difficult if not impossible to come by from numerical analysis. Thus, another value of this book is to provide checks to computational results." -Frank K. Lu, University of Texas at Arlington "Professor Emanuel extends the conventional thermodynamic development to include the nonclassical dynamics of a dense gas-and for the first time explains why expansion shock waves cannot exist. ... one of the very few texts that even mentions the 'nonclassical' behavior of certain dense gases." -Brian Argrow, Department Aerospace Engineering Sciences, University of Colorado BoulderBASIC CONCEPTS Background Discussion Preliminary Remarks Euler and Lagrange Formulations Stress Tensor Relation between Stress and Deformation-Rate Tensors Constitutive Relations Problems References Conservation Equations Preliminary Remarks Mass Equation Transport Theorem Linear Momentum Equation Inertial Frame Angular Momentum Equation Energy Equation Viscous Dissipation Alternate Forms for the Energy Equation Problems Reference Classical Thermodynamics Preliminary Remarks Combined First and Second Laws Potential Functions Open System Coupling to Fluid Dynamics Compressible Liquid or Solid Second Law Rarefaction Shock Wave Problems References Kinematics Preliminary Remarks Definitions Kelvin's Equation and Vorticity Helmholtz Vortex Theorems Problems Reference ADVANCED GAS DYNAMICS Euler Equations Preliminary Remarks Equations: Initial and Boundary Conditions Bernoulli's Equations Vorticity Steady Flow Intrinsic Coordinates Problems References Shock-Wave Dynamics Preliminary Remarks Jump Conditions Steady, Two-Dimensional or Axisymmetric Flow Derivatives for a Two-Dimensional or Axisymmetric Shock with a Uniform Freestream Derivative Applications Problems References Vorticity and Its Substantial Derivative Preliminary Remarks Vorticity Substantial Derivative of the Vorticity Generic Shock Shape Slope, Curvature, Arc Length, and Sonic Point Results Problems References Shock-Wave Triple-Point Morphology Preliminary Remarks Analysis Solution Method Normal Mach Stem or Reflected Shocks Results and Discussion Problems References Derivatives When the Upstream Flow Is Nonuniform Preliminary Remarks Jump Conditions Tangential Derivatives Normal Derivatives Intrinsic Coordinate Derivatives Vorticity Source Flow Model Problems Reference General Derivative Formulation Preliminary Remarks Vector Relations Elliptic Paraboloid Shock Shock Curvatures Vorticity I Jump Conditions and Tangential Derivatives Normal Derivatives Applications Unsteady, Normal Derivative Formulation SMR and Ray Scaling Unsteady Intrinsic Coordinate Derivatives Vorticity II Problems References Extended Navier-Stokes Equations, Ultrasonic Absorption, and Shock Structure Preliminary Remarks Newtonian and Stokesian Fluids Viscous Dissipation Laminar Flow Unsteady One-Dimensional Flow Shock-Wave Structure Problems References Hodograph Transformation and Limit Lines Preliminary Remarks Two-Dimensional, Irrotational Flow Ringleb's Solution Limit Lines General Solution Rotational Flow Problems References Substitution Principle Preliminary Remarks Transformation Equations Parallel Flow Prandtl-Meyer Flow Rotational Solutions in the Hodograph Plane Problems References Calorically Imperfect Flows Preliminary Remarks Thermodynamics Isentropic Streamtube Flow Planar Shock Flow Prandtl-Meyer Flow Taylor-Maccoll Flow Problems References Sweep Preliminary Remarks Oblique Shock Flow Prandtl-Meyer Flow Problems References Interaction of an Expansion Wave with a Shock Wave and a Shock-Wave Curvature Preliminary Remarks Flow Topology Solution for Regions I, II, and III Curvature Singularity Numerical Procedure Shock Wave with Longitudinal Curvature Sign Change Problems References Unsteady, One-Dimensional Flow Preliminary Remarks Incident Normal Shock Waves Reflected Normal Shock Waves Characteristic Theory Rarefaction Waves Compression Waves Internal Ballistics Nonsimple Wave Region Problems References Supersonic Diffusers Preliminary Remarks General Discussion Prandtl-Meyer Diffuser Lens-Analogy Diffuser Results and Discussion Problems References VISCOUS/INVISCID FLUID DYNAMICS Coordinate Systems and Related Topics Preliminary Remarks Orthogonal Coordinates Similarity Parameters Bulk Viscosity Viscous Flow in a Heated Duct Problems References Force and Moment Analysis Preliminary Remarks Momentum Theorem Surface Integral Angular Momentum Hydrostatics Flow in a Duct Acyclic Motion Jet-Plate Interaction Syringe with a Hypodermic Needle Shock-Expansion Theory Forces on a Particle Entropy Generation Forces and Moments on a Supersonic Vehicle Lift and Thrust of an Asymmetric Nozzle Problems References EXACT SOLUTIONS FOR A VISCOUS FLOW Rayleigh Flow Preliminary Remarks Solution Problems References Couette Flow Preliminary Remarks Solution Adiabatic Wall Problems Reference Stagnation Point Flow Preliminary Remarks Formulation Velocity Solution Temperature Solution Problems Reference LAMINAR BOUNDARY-LAYER THEORY FOR STEADY TWO-DIMENSIONAL OR AXISYMMETRIC FLOW Incompressible Flow over a Flat Plate Preliminary Remarks Derivation of the Boundary-Layer Equations Similarity Solution Problems References Large Reynolds Number Flow Preliminary Remarks Matched Asymptotic Expansions Problems References Incompressible Boundary-Layer Theory Preliminary Remarks Primitive Variable Formulation Solution of the Boundary-Layer Equations Problems References Compressible Boundary-Layer Theory Preliminary Remarks Boundary-Layer Equations Solution of the Similarity Equations Solution of the Energy Equation The ss and gw Parameters Local Similarity Boundary-Layer Parameters Comprehensive Tables Adiabatic Wall Critique of the Prandtl Number and Chapman-Rubesin Parameter Assumptions Nonsimilar Boundary Layers: I Nonsimilar Boundary Layers: II Problems References Supersonic Boundary-Layer Examples Preliminary Remarks Thin Airfoil Theory Compressive Ramp Zero Displacement Thickness Wall Shape Performance of a Scramjet Propulsion Nozzle Problems References Second-Order Boundary-Layer Theory Preliminary Remarks Inner Equations Outer Equations Boundary and Matching Conditions Decomposition of the Second-Order Boundary-Layer Equations Example: First-Order Solution Example: Second-Order Outer Solution Example: Second-Order Inner Equations Appendix R Problems References Appendices


Szczegóły: Analytical Fluid Dynamics - George Emanuel

Tytuł: Analytical Fluid Dynamics
Autor: George Emanuel
Producent: Productivity Press Inc
ISBN: 9781498715690
Rok produkcji: 2015
Ilość stron: 650
Oprawa: Twarda
Waga: 1.66 kg


Recenzje: Analytical Fluid Dynamics - George Emanuel

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Analytical Fluid Dynamics

New Edition Now Covers Shock-Wave Analysis An in-depth presentation of analytical methods and physical foundations, Analytical Fluid Dynamics, Third Edition breaks down the "how" and "why" of fluid dynamics. While continuing to cover the most fundamental topics in fluid mechanics, this latest work emphasizes advanced analytical approaches to aid in the analytical process and corresponding physical interpretation. It also addresses the need for a more flexible mathematical language (utilizing vector and tensor analysis and transformation theory) to cover the growing complexity of fluid dynamics. Revised and updated, the text centers on shock-wave structure, shock-wave derivatives, and shock-produced vorticity; supersonic diffusers; thrust and lift from an asymmetric nozzle; and outlines operator methods and laminar boundary-layer theory. In addition, the discussion introduces pertinent assumptions, reasons for studying a particular topic, background discussion, illustrative examples, and numerous end-of-chapter problems. Utilizing a wide variety of topics on inviscid and viscous fluid dynamics, the author covers material that includes: * Viscous dissipation * The second law of thermodynamics * Calorically imperfect gas flows * Aerodynamic sweep * Shock-wave interference * Unsteady one-dimensional flow * Internal ballistics * Force and momentum balance * The Substitution Principle * Rarefaction shock waves * A comprehensive treatment of flow property derivatives just downstream of an unsteady three-dimensional shock * Shock-generated vorticity * Triple points * An extended version of the Navier-Stokes equations * Shock-free supersonic diffusers * Lift and thrust from an asymmetric nozzle Analytical Fluid Dynamics, Third Edition outlines the basics of analytical fluid mechanics while emphasizing analytical approaches to fluid dynamics. Covering the material in-depth, this book provides an authoritative interpretation of formulations and procedures in analytical fluid dynamics, and offers analytical solutions to fluid dynamic problems. "The author has formulated curved shock theory with vector notation. This is a new and useful approach that has led to new results and insights and independent verification of the complex algebraic results of earlier tensor methods, the theory is surrounded by careful and thorough treatment of assumptions and limitations. Problems at the end of the chapter are well-chosen to promote a deeper understanding. This is a must-read for anyone searching for an appreciation of curved shock wave theory." -Sannu Molder, Ryerson University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada "In the modern era where computational techniques dominate, it is refreshing to see a book that returns to the fundamentals in depth and breadth. Emanuel's book is a solid treatment of basic fluid physics. It provides elegant and yet easy-to-follow mathematical treatments of a wide range of topics that are important in contemporary applications. One of the useful aspects of the work is its clear elucidation of the flow physics that is firmly grounded in the mathematics. Such revelations are difficult if not impossible to come by from numerical analysis. Thus, another value of this book is to provide checks to computational results." -Frank K. Lu, University of Texas at Arlington "Professor Emanuel extends the conventional thermodynamic development to include the nonclassical dynamics of a dense gas-and for the first time explains why expansion shock waves cannot exist. ... one of the very few texts that even mentions the 'nonclassical' behavior of certain dense gases." -Brian Argrow, Department Aerospace Engineering Sciences, University of Colorado BoulderBASIC CONCEPTS Background Discussion Preliminary Remarks Euler and Lagrange Formulations Stress Tensor Relation between Stress and Deformation-Rate Tensors Constitutive Relations Problems References Conservation Equations Preliminary Remarks Mass Equation Transport Theorem Linear Momentum Equation Inertial Frame Angular Momentum Equation Energy Equation Viscous Dissipation Alternate Forms for the Energy Equation Problems Reference Classical Thermodynamics Preliminary Remarks Combined First and Second Laws Potential Functions Open System Coupling to Fluid Dynamics Compressible Liquid or Solid Second Law Rarefaction Shock Wave Problems References Kinematics Preliminary Remarks Definitions Kelvin's Equation and Vorticity Helmholtz Vortex Theorems Problems Reference ADVANCED GAS DYNAMICS Euler Equations Preliminary Remarks Equations: Initial and Boundary Conditions Bernoulli's Equations Vorticity Steady Flow Intrinsic Coordinates Problems References Shock-Wave Dynamics Preliminary Remarks Jump Conditions Steady, Two-Dimensional or Axisymmetric Flow Derivatives for a Two-Dimensional or Axisymmetric Shock with a Uniform Freestream Derivative Applications Problems References Vorticity and Its Substantial Derivative Preliminary Remarks Vorticity Substantial Derivative of the Vorticity Generic Shock Shape Slope, Curvature, Arc Length, and Sonic Point Results Problems References Shock-Wave Triple-Point Morphology Preliminary Remarks Analysis Solution Method Normal Mach Stem or Reflected Shocks Results and Discussion Problems References Derivatives When the Upstream Flow Is Nonuniform Preliminary Remarks Jump Conditions Tangential Derivatives Normal Derivatives Intrinsic Coordinate Derivatives Vorticity Source Flow Model Problems Reference General Derivative Formulation Preliminary Remarks Vector Relations Elliptic Paraboloid Shock Shock Curvatures Vorticity I Jump Conditions and Tangential Derivatives Normal Derivatives Applications Unsteady, Normal Derivative Formulation SMR and Ray Scaling Unsteady Intrinsic Coordinate Derivatives Vorticity II Problems References Extended Navier-Stokes Equations, Ultrasonic Absorption, and Shock Structure Preliminary Remarks Newtonian and Stokesian Fluids Viscous Dissipation Laminar Flow Unsteady One-Dimensional Flow Shock-Wave Structure Problems References Hodograph Transformation and Limit Lines Preliminary Remarks Two-Dimensional, Irrotational Flow Ringleb's Solution Limit Lines General Solution Rotational Flow Problems References Substitution Principle Preliminary Remarks Transformation Equations Parallel Flow Prandtl-Meyer Flow Rotational Solutions in the Hodograph Plane Problems References Calorically Imperfect Flows Preliminary Remarks Thermodynamics Isentropic Streamtube Flow Planar Shock Flow Prandtl-Meyer Flow Taylor-Maccoll Flow Problems References Sweep Preliminary Remarks Oblique Shock Flow Prandtl-Meyer Flow Problems References Interaction of an Expansion Wave with a Shock Wave and a Shock-Wave Curvature Preliminary Remarks Flow Topology Solution for Regions I, II, and III Curvature Singularity Numerical Procedure Shock Wave with Longitudinal Curvature Sign Change Problems References Unsteady, One-Dimensional Flow Preliminary Remarks Incident Normal Shock Waves Reflected Normal Shock Waves Characteristic Theory Rarefaction Waves Compression Waves Internal Ballistics Nonsimple Wave Region Problems References Supersonic Diffusers Preliminary Remarks General Discussion Prandtl-Meyer Diffuser Lens-Analogy Diffuser Results and Discussion Problems References VISCOUS/INVISCID FLUID DYNAMICS Coordinate Systems and Related Topics Preliminary Remarks Orthogonal Coordinates Similarity Parameters Bulk Viscosity Viscous Flow in a Heated Duct Problems References Force and Moment Analysis Preliminary Remarks Momentum Theorem Surface Integral Angular Momentum Hydrostatics Flow in a Duct Acyclic Motion Jet-Plate Interaction Syringe with a Hypodermic Needle Shock-Expansion Theory Forces on a Particle Entropy Generation Forces and Moments on a Supersonic Vehicle Lift and Thrust of an Asymmetric Nozzle Problems References EXACT SOLUTIONS FOR A VISCOUS FLOW Rayleigh Flow Preliminary Remarks Solution Problems References Couette Flow Preliminary Remarks Solution Adiabatic Wall Problems Reference Stagnation Point Flow Preliminary Remarks Formulation Velocity Solution Temperature Solution Problems Reference LAMINAR BOUNDARY-LAYER THEORY FOR STEADY TWO-DIMENSIONAL OR AXISYMMETRIC FLOW Incompressible Flow over a Flat Plate Preliminary Remarks Derivation of the Boundary-Layer Equations Similarity Solution Problems References Large Reynolds Number Flow Preliminary Remarks Matched Asymptotic Expansions Problems References Incompressible Boundary-Layer Theory Preliminary Remarks Primitive Variable Formulation Solution of the Boundary-Layer Equations Problems References Compressible Boundary-Layer Theory Preliminary Remarks Boundary-Layer Equations Solution of the Similarity Equations Solution of the Energy Equation The ss and gw Parameters Local Similarity Boundary-Layer Parameters Comprehensive Tables Adiabatic Wall Critique of the Prandtl Number and Chapman-Rubesin Parameter Assumptions Nonsimilar Boundary Layers: I Nonsimilar Boundary Layers: II Problems References Supersonic Boundary-Layer Examples Preliminary Remarks Thin Airfoil Theory Compressive Ramp Zero Displacement Thickness Wall Shape Performance of a Scramjet Propulsion Nozzle Problems References Second-Order Boundary-Layer Theory Preliminary Remarks Inner Equations Outer Equations Boundary and Matching Conditions Decomposition of the Second-Order Boundary-Layer Equations Example: First-Order Solution Example: Second-Order Outer Solution Example: Second-Order Inner Equations Appendix R Problems References Appendices

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