The Teaching of Normal Grammar Prepared for the Use of Student-Teachers of Teaching in the San Francisco State Normal Training Schools (Classic Reprint)
The Teaching of Normal Grammar
Prepared for the Use of Student-Teachers of Teaching in the San Francisco State Normal Training Schools (Classic Reprint)
Opis: The Teaching of Normal Grammar - Burk Frederic
Excerpt from The Teaching of Normal Grammar: Prepared for the Use of Student-Teachers of Teaching in the San Francisco State Normal Training Schools
This Bulletin is intended as a manual (with the Sentence Book) for the introduction to the study of grammar. The methodology will be confined to this pamphlet, and the sentences used in each of the exercises are grouped in the accompanying Sentence Book. During the past year, this plan of beginning the study of grammar has been worked out with the students teaching grammar in our Training School, and it is now printed for the guidance of the student-teachers who continue the work for the ensuing year.
Part I contains the work upon the construction of the sentence. Part II, which will not be published for some months, will deal with the methodology of syntax and with the application of grammatical knowledge to correct written composition and oral speech. The State text will be used as a final review in the eighth grade after the work covered by Part I and Part II has been completed.
Texts in grammar are compendiums of reference authorities, not books suitable for teaching grammar. They offer no methodology, but simply state in logical order the knowledge which ought finally to be acquired. This manual offers a graded series of steps in teaching grammatical knowledge. No very radical position is taken to elide the unnecessary and useless elements of usual grammar texts, but some important steps are taken in this matter by omissions of useless distinctions in the classes of adjectives, adverbs, nouns, and pronouns.
The goal of grammar teaching is not to teach the pupil to speak or write language correctly. These abilities are only acquired by habit. Children learn to speak correctly without any grammatical knowledge, provided they hear the correct forms.
There are two stages in learning to use language correctly: first, to have the correct form as a copy; and secondly, to acquire this form as a reflex habit. This copy may be obtained, as young children obtain it, by imitation; or it may be obtained by grammatical study. Grammar, then, at best, is a poor substitute for a correct copy given by imitation. This copy obtained either by imitation or by grammatical analysis, it remains in both cases to work this form into a reflex habit by tine method of repetition.
The errors which any individual commits are in very close approximation to the errors which as a child he commonly hears. The number of errors committed by the average person circulating in the avenues of general intelligence are really comparatively few. The amount of grammar we give is quite out of proportion. We do not commit errors beyond the limits of the errors of general hearing usage.
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Szczegóły: The Teaching of Normal Grammar - Burk Frederic
Tytuł: The Teaching of Normal Grammar
Podtytuł: Prepared for the Use of Student-Teachers of Teaching in the San Francisco State Normal Training Schools (Classic Reprint)
Autor: Burk Frederic
Wydawnictwo: FB &c Ltd
Rok wydania: 2015
Ilość stron: 40