Efficiency of Biomass Energy

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Efficiency of Biomass Energy

  • Wydawnictwo: John Wiley
  • Rok wydania: 2016
  • ISBN: 9781118702109
  • Ilość stron: 784
  • Oprawa: Twarda
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Opis: Efficiency of Biomass Energy - Krzysztof Ptasinski

Details energy and exergy efficiencies of all major aspects of bioenergy systems * Covers all major bioenergy processes starting from photosynthesis and cultivation of biomass feedstocks and ending with final bioenergy products, like power, biofuels, and chemicals * Each chapter includes historical developments, chemistry, major technologies, applications as well as energy, environmental and economic aspects in order to serve as an introduction to biomass and bioenergy * A separate chapter introduces a beginner in easy accessible way to exergy analysis and the similarities and differences between energy and exergy efficiencies are underlined * Includes case studies and illustrative examples of 1st, 2nd, and 3rd generation biofuels production, power and heat generation (thermal plants, fuel cells, boilers), and biorefineries * Traditional fossil fuels-based technologies are also described in order to compare with the corresponding bioenergy systemsPreface Acknowledgments About the Author Part I BACKGROUND AND OUTLINE 1. BIOENERGY SYSTEMS AN OVERVIEW 1.1 Energy and the Environment 1.2 Biomass as a Renewable Energy Source 1.3 Biomass Conversion Processes 1.4 Utilization of Biomass 1.5 Closing Remarks References 2. EXERGY ANALYSIS 2.1 Sustainability and Efficiency 2.2 Thermodynamic Analysis of Processes 2.3 Exergy Concept 2.4 Exergetic Evaluation of Processes and Technologies 2.5 Renewability of Biofuels 2.6 Closing Remarks References Part II BIOMASS PRODUCTION AND CONVERSION 3. PHOTOSYNTHESIS 3.1 Photosynthesis an Overview 3.2 Exergy of Thermal Radiation 3.3 Exergy Analysis of Photosynthesis 3.4 Global Photosynthesis 3.5 Closing Remarks References 4. BIOMASS PRODUCTION 4.1 Overview 4.2 Efficiency of Solar Energy Capture 4.3 Fossil Inputs for Biomass Cultivation and Harvesting 4.4. Fossil Inputs for Biomass Logistics 4.5 Closing Remarks References 5 THERMOCHEMICAL CONVERSION: GASIFICATION 5.1 Gasification an Overview 5.2 Gasification of Carbon 5.3 Gasification of Biomass 5.4 Gasification of Typical Fuels 5.5 Closing Remarks References 6 THERMOCHEMICAL CONVERSION: PARAMETRIC STUDIES AND GASIFICATION SYSTEMS 6.1 Effect of Fuel Chemical Composition on Gasification Performance 6.2 Effect of Biomass Moisture Content, Gasification Pressure and Heat Addition on Gasification Performance 6.3 Improvement of Gasification Exergetic Efficiency 6.4 Gasification Efficiency Using Equilibrium versus Non-equilibrium Models 6.5 Performance of Typical Gasifiers 6.6 Plasma Gasification 6.7 Thermochemical Conversion in Sub- and Supercritical Water 6.8 Closing Remarks References Part III BIOFUELS First-Generation Biofuels 7 BIODIESEL 7.1 Biodiesel: an Overview 7.2 Biodiesel from Plant Oils 7.3 Biodiesel from Waste Cooking Oil 7.4 Biodiesel from Microalgae 7.5 Closing Remarks References 8 BIOETHANOL 8.1 Bioethanol an Overview 8.2 Exergy Analysis of Ethanol from Sugar Crops 8.3 Exergy Analysis of Ethanol from Starchy Crops 8.4 Exergy Analysis of Lignocellulosic Ethanol (2nd Generation) 8.5 Alternative Ethanol Processes 8.6 Closing Remarks References Second-Generation Liquid Biofuels 9 FISCHER-TROPSCH FUELS 9.1 Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis an Overview 9.2 Exergy Analysis of Coal-to-Liquid (CTL) Process 9.3 Exergy Analysis of Gas-to-Liquid (GTL) Processes 9.4 Exergy Analysis of Biomass-to-Liquid (BTL) Processes 9.5 Closing Remarks References 10 METHANOL 10.1 Methanol an Overview 10.2 Methanol from Fossil Fuels 10.3 Methanol from Biomass 10.4 Closing Remarks References 11 THERMOCHEMICAL ETHANOL 11.1 Thermochemical Ethanol an Overview 11.2 Exergy Analysis 11.3 Closing Remarks References Second-Generation Gaseous Biofuels 12 DIMETHYL ETHER (DME) 12.1 Dimethyl Ether an Overview 12.2 Dimethyl Ether from Fossil Fuels 12.3 Dimethyl Ether from Biomass 12.4 Closing Remarks References 13 HYDROGEN 13.1 Hydrogen an Overview 13.2 Exergy Analysis of Hydrogen from Fossil Fuels 13.3 Exergy Analysis of Hydrogen from Water Electrolysis 13.4 Exergy Analysis of Future Hydrogen Production Processes 13.5 Exergy Analysis of Hydrogen from Biomass Gasification 13.6 Exergy Analysis of Biological Hydrogen Production 13.7 Closing Remarks References 14 SUBSTITUTE NATURAL GAS (SNG) 14.1 Substitute Natural Gas an Overview 14.2 SNG from Coal 14.3 SNG from Biomass Gasification 14.4 Closing Remarks References Part IV BIOENERGY SYSTEMS 15 THERMAL POWER PLANTS, HEAT ENGINES AND HEAT PRODUCTION 15.1 Biomass-Based Power and Heat Generation an Overview 15.2 Biomass Combustion Power Systems 15.3 Biomass Gasification Power Systems 15.4 Comparison of Various Biomass-Fueled Power Plants 15.5 Biomass-Fueled Internal Combustion Engines and Gas Turbines 15.6 Polygeneration of Electricity, Heat and Chemicals 15.7 Biomass Boilers and Heating Systems 15.8 Closing Remarks References 16 BIOMASS-BASED FUEL CELL SYSTEMS 16.1 Biomass-Based Fuel Cell Systems an Overview 16.2 Biomass Integrated Gasification: Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (BIG/SOFC) Systems 16.3 Biomass Integrated Gasification: Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (BIG/PEMFC) Systems 16.4 Fuel Cell Systems Fed with Liquid Biofuels 16.5 Closing Remarks References 17 BIOREFINERIES 17.1 Biorefineries: an Overview 17.2 Comparison of Various Biomass Utilization Routes 17.3 Exergy Inputs to Basic Biorefinery Steps 17.4 Optimal Biomass Crops as Biorefinery Feedstock 17.5 Closing Remarks References Postface Appendixes Appendix A: Conversion Factors Appendix B: Constants Appendix C: SI Prefixes Glossary Notation Acknowledgments for permission to reproduce copyrighted material Author Index Subject Index


Szczegóły: Efficiency of Biomass Energy - Krzysztof Ptasinski

Tytuł: Efficiency of Biomass Energy
Autor: Krzysztof Ptasinski
Wydawnictwo: John Wiley
ISBN: 9781118702109
Rok wydania: 2016
Ilość stron: 784
Oprawa: Twarda
Waga: 0.67 kg


Recenzje: Efficiency of Biomass Energy - Krzysztof Ptasinski

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